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Naja haje (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Egyptian Cobra
G: Uräusschlange 
SynonymColuber Haje LINNAEUS 1758: 225
Cerastes candidus LAURENTI 1768
Coluber candidissimus LACÉPÈDE 1789
Vipera haje — DAUDIN 1803
Naja haje — MERREM 1820
Naja haje — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1298
Naja haje var. viridis PETERS 1873
Naja haie — BOULENGER 1891: 152
Naja haje — SCHMIDT 1923: 126 (fide BROADLEY 1968)
Naja haje legionis VALVERDE 1989 (fide TRAPE et al. 2009)
Naja haje haje — WELCH 1994: 91
Naja haje haje — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 24
Naja haje — WELCH 1994: 91
Naja haje — BROADLEY 1998
Naja (Uraeus) haje — WALLACH et al. 2009
Naja haje legionis — LAITA 2013
Uraeus haje — WALLACH et al. 2014: 762
Naja haje — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 551 
DistributionAlgeria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic ?, N Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Chad, Egypt (?), Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau (?), Guinea (Conakry), Kenya, Libya, Mali, Western Sahara, Mauritania ?, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe

haje: S Morocco east to Egypt, south to C Tanzania (Shinyaga and Kilosa) and west through the Sahel to Senegal; Central African Republic, Djibouti

legionis: Morocco, Western Sahara, W Algeria

Type locality: Lower Egypt.

viridis: Type locality: Westafrika” [Naja haje var. viridis PETERS 1873] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 2820 (unlocated) [Naja haje var. viridis PETERS 1873] 
CommentVenomous!

Type species: Coluber haje Linnaeus, 1758, is the type species of the subgenus Uraeus WAGLER 1830. The name of the subgenus is derived from the Egyptian uraeus, a symbol of the goddess Wadjet in the shape of a cobra with a spread hood, which formed part of the head-dress of Egyptian divinities and kings. Note that Cerastes candidus LAURENTI 1768 has been designated as type species of the genus Cerastes. See Cerastes cerastes for more details.

Synonymy: Naja haje anchietae has been considered as a subspecies of Naja annulifera (which was previously considered as a subspecies of Naja haje). Kaiser et al. 2013 considered the generic name Wellsus Hoser 2009 invalid and rejected its use instead of Naja (Uraeus).

Distribution: Not in Benin fide ULLENBRUCH et al. 2010.

Distribution: Not listed for Togo by Segniagbeto et al. 2012. Naja haje has been displaced as a name for the West African "Egyptian Cobra" by N. senegalensis Trape et al 2009: 12. Benin mentioned on p. 19 (B. Hughes, pers. comm. 9 Dec 2013). Not in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, or Benin fide TRAPE & BALDÉ 2014: 320 
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