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Naja kaouthia LESSON, 1831

IUCN Red List - Naja kaouthia - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Monocled Cobra, Monocellate Cibra
G: Monokelkobra 
SynonymNaja kaouthia LESSON 1831: 22
Naja tripudians var. fasciata GRAY 1830
Naia tripudians var. fasciata — HARDWICKE & GRAY 1835
Naia tripudians var. fasciata — BOULENGER 1896
Naja naja sputatrix BOURRET 1937
Naja naja kaouthia — SMITH 1940
Naja kaouthia kaouthia — DERANIYAGALA 1960
Naja naja kaouthia — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Naja naja kaouthia — GOLAY 1985: 45
Naja kaouthia suphanensis NUTAPHAND 1986
Naja kaouthia — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 423
Naja kaouthia — COX et al. 1998: 26
Naja naja kaouthia — SHARMA 2004
Naja (Naja) kaouthia — WALLACH et al. 2009
Naja kaouthia — WALLACH et al. 2014: 460
Naja kauthia — PRADHAN et al. 2014 (in error) 
DistributionBangladesh, Myanmar (= Burma), Cambodia, NE India (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Sikkim, Assam, West Bengal, Orissa), Bhutan, Laos, N Malaysia,
Nepal (?), S China, Thailand, S Vietnam

Type locality: Bengal [India] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: unknown (fide LEVITON et al. 2003) 
CommentVenomous!

The label "Naja naja siamensis" has been used in the toxinological literature for this species, not the real Naja siamensis.

DIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS).— Body scales smooth, arranged in 19–21 (usually 21) longitudinal rows at mid-body; throat pale, scarcely any dark mottling, often followed by a single dark band, ventrolateral throat spots distinct; remainder of venter either pale or increasingly cloudy with darker pigmentation towards the rear; in adults, hood markings usually distinct, usually a pale, oval or circular marking, with a dark center and occasionally a narrow dark outer border; occasionally 1 or 2 dark spots are present in the pale oval; fangs not modified for spitting, venom discharge orifice large; ventrals 164–196; subcaudals 43–58. Total length 1500 mm; tail length 230 mm (according to Smith [1943:429] larger specimens have been recorded, but they are rare). [after LEVITON 2003] 
References
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