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Naja nigricincta BOGERT, 1940

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesNaja nigricincta nigricincta BOGERT 1940
Naja nigricincta woodi PRINGLE 1955 
Common NamesWestern Barred Spitting Cobra
woodi: Black Spitting Cobra 
SynonymNaja nigricollis nigricincta BOGERT 1940
Naja nigricollis var. fasciata BOCAGE 1895: 136 (fide BROADLEY 1974)
Naja nigricollis nigricinctus BOGERT 1940
Naja mossambica nirgicincta — BROADLEY 1968
Naja nigricollis nigricincta — WELCH 1994: 93
Naja nigricollis nigricincta — AUERBACH 1987: 199
Naja nigricollis nigricincta — BAUER et al. 1993
Naja nigricincta — CIMATTI 2007
Naja nigricincta — WÜSTER et al. 2007
Naja (Afronaja) nigricincta — WALLACH et al. 2009
Afronaja nigricincta — WALLACH et al. 2014: 10
Naja nigricincta — SCHLEICHER 2015: 209

Naja nigricincta woodi PRINGLE 1955
Naja nigra SMITH 1838: 92 (fide BRANCH & BAUER 2005)
Naja nigricollis woodi PRINGLE 1955
Naja mossambica woodi — BROADLEY 1968
Naja nigricollis woodi — BROADLEY 1974: 158
Naja nigricollis woodi — WELCH 1994: 93
Naja nigricollis woodi — AUERBACH 1987: 198
Naja woodi — BAUER & BRANCH 2003
Naja nigricincta woodi — WÜSTER et al. 2007
Naja nigricincta woodi — BATES et al. 2014: 405
Naja nigricincta woodi — SCHLEICHER 2015: 207 
DistributionN Namibia, SW Angola; Type locality: Munhino, S.W. Angola.

woodi: Republic of South Africa, W Lesotho, S Namibia, S Botswana; Type locality: Citrusdal, Cape Province. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: AMNH 51823.
Holotype: SAM 19926 (woodi) 

BOYCOTT & HAACKE (1979) noted intergradation between nigricincta and woodi in Southern Namibia. 
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Barts, Mirko. 2014. Naja nigricincta nigricincta Bogert, 1940 Zebraschlange, Namibia Speikobra, Western Barred Cobra, Zebra Cobra. Sauria 36 (1): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Branch, William R. & Haacke, Wulf D. 1993. The herpetofauna of the Kamanjab area and adjacent Damaraland, Namibia. Madoqua (Windhoek) 18 (2): 117-145.
  • Bogert,C.M. 1940. Herpetological results of the Vernay Angola Expedition. I. Snakes, including an arrangement of the African Colubridae. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 77: 1-107
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Branch, William R. & Bauer, Aaron M. 2005. The herpetological contributions of Sir Andrew Smith. SSAR, 80 pp.
  • Broadley, D. G. 1974. A review of the cobras of the Naja nigricollis complex in southwestern Africa (Serpentes: Elapidae). Cimbebasia (ser. A) 2: 155-162.
  • Broadley, D.G. 1968. A review of the African cobras of the genus Naja (Serpentes: Elapinae). Arnoldia (Rhodesia) (ser. 3) 29: 1-14
  • Cimatti, E. 2007. Namibia - Introduction to a vast territory. Reptilia (GB) (50): 58-67 - get paper here
  • CUNNINGHAM, P. & VAN DER WAAL, C. 2010. Naja nigricincta nigricincta (Bogert, 1940) Diet. African Herp News (51): 9-11
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp. - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2016. Die afrikanische Antiserum-Krise Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (4): 8-9 - get paper here
  • Pringle, JA. 1955. A new species of the spitting Cobra Naja nigricollis Reinhardt from the Cape Province. Ann. Natal Mus. 13: 253-254.
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2015. Reptilien Namibias. Namibia Scientific  Society, 276 pp.
  • Smith, A. 1838. Contributions to the Natural History of Southern Africa. Art. VIII. Mag. Nat. Hist., London, 2 (14): 92-94
  • Wallach, V.; Wüster, W. & Broadley, D.G. 2009. In praise of subgenera: taxonomic status of cobras of the genus Naja Laurenti (Serpentes: Elapidae). Zootaxa 2236: 26–36 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Winchell, S. 2011. Kobras. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (89): 16-22 - get paper here
  • Wüster, Wolfgang; Steven Crookes, Ivan Ineich, Youssouph Mané, Catharine E. Pook, Jean-Francois Trape, Donald G. Broadley 2007. The phylogeny of cobras inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences: Evolution of venom spitting and the phylogeography of the African spitting cobras (Serpentes: Elapidae: Naja nigricollis complex). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 437–453 - get paper here
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