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Naja sputatrix BOIE, 1827

IUCN Red List - Naja sputatrix - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Indonesian Cobra
G: Javanische Speikobra 
SynonymNaja sputatrix BOIE 1827: 557
Naja leptocoryphaea BERTHOLD 1842: 71
Naia tripudians var. sputatrix — BOULENGER 1896
Naja naja sputatrix — STEJNEGER 1907
Naja tripudians sputatrix — DE ROOIJ 1917
Naja naja sputatrix — KOPSTEIN 1938
Naja kaouthia sputatrix — DERANIYAGALA 1960 (part)
Naja naja sputatrix — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Naja sputatrix — WÜSTER & THORPE 1989
Naja sputatrix — WELCH 1994: 93
Naja (Naja) sputatrix — WALLACH et al. 2009
Naja sputatrix — WALLACH et al. 2014: 463 
DistributionIndonesia (Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Komodo, Alor, Lomblen, Sulawesi)

Type locality: Java, Indonesia  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: RMNH (C.G.C. Reinwardt). 
CommentVenomous!

The name "Naja naja sputatrix" was formerly used for populations of several species of Asiatic Naja.

Distribution: Reported as Naja naja for Komodo by AUFFENBERG 1980. The latest record of this species from Sulawesi is from KOPSTEIN 1936. DE LANG & VOGEL (2005) thus consider this species as doubtful for this island. Not found on the Malyan peninsula as reported by MANTHEY & GROSSMANN (1997). 
References
  • Auffenberg W 1980. The herpetofauna of Komodo, with notes on adjacent areas. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum 25(2): 39-156 - get paper here
  • Berthold,A.A. 1840. Ueber verschiedene neue oder seltene Amphibienarten. Abh. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 1: 47-72 [1842 ?]
  • Boie, F. 1827. Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien, 1. Lieferung: Ophidier. Isis van Oken 20: 508-566. - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Kopstein, F. 1938. Ein Beitrag zur Eierkunde und zur Fortpflanzung der Malaiischen Reptilien. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 14: 81-167
  • Lang, R. de & G. Vogel 2005. The snakes of Sulawesi. A field guide to the land snakes of Sulawesi with identification keys. Frankfurter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, 25, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 312 pp.
  • Lang, Ruud de 2012. Snakes of the Lesser Sunda Islands (Nusa Tenggara), Indonesia. Edition Chimaira, 349 pp.
  • Mavromichalis, Johan M.W. & Silvia A. Bloem 1995. A successful breeding of Naja naja sputatrix atra. Litteratura Serpentium 15 (2): 26-30 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1930. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Inseln Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa und Flores. Senck. Naturf. Gesell., Frankfurt am Main, Abhandl. 42(3): 117-344.
  • Slowinski, Joseph B. and Wolfgang Wüster. 2000. A new cobra (Elapidae: Naja) from Myanmar (Burma). Herpetologica 56 (2): 257-270 - get paper here
  • Smetsers, Peet 1998. Successful breeding of Naja sputatrix, the spitting cobra (white phase). Litteratura Serpentium 18 (1): 4-6 - get paper here
  • Wallach, V.; Wüster, W. & Broadley, D.G. 2009. In praise of subgenera: taxonomic status of cobras of the genus Naja Laurenti (Serpentes: Elapidae). Zootaxa 2236: 26–36 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wüster W. 1996. The status of the cobras of the genus Naja Laurenti, 1768 (Reptilia: Serpentes: Elapidae) on the island of Sulawesi. The Snake 27 (2): 85-90.
  • Wüster, Wolfgang 1993. A century of confusion: Asiatic cobras revisited. Vivarium 4 (4): 14-18
  • Wüster,W.; Thorpe,R.S. 1989. Population affinities of the Asiatic cobra (Naja naja) species complex in south-east Asia: reliability and random resampling. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 36: 391-409. - get paper here
  • Wüster,W.; Thorpe,R.S. 1991. Asiatic cobras: Systematics and snakebite. Experientia 47: 205-209
 
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