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Neelaps calonotus (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBlack-striped Burrowing Snake, Western Black-striped Snake 
SynonymFurina calonotos DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1241
Neelaps calonotus GÜNTHER 1863: 24 (emend. for calonotos)
Neelaps caledonicus HOFFMANN 1890 (in error for calonotus)
Furina calonota — BOULENGER 1896
Neelaps neocaledonicus PALACKY 1898 (in errore for caledonicus)
Vermicella calonota — GLAUERT 1950
Melwardia calonota — WORRELL 1960
Neelaps calonotus — COGGER 1983: 228
Simoselaps calonotus — COGGER 1992
Simoselaps calonota — WELCH 1994: 107
Simoselaps calonotus — COGGER 2000: 684
Neelaps calonotus — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 486
Neelaps calonotus — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 486
Vermicella calonotus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 771
Vermicella calonotus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 785
Neelaps calonotus — COGGER 2014: 904
Simoselaps calonotus — LEE et al. 2016 (Fig. S1)
Neelaps calonotus — LEE et al. 2016 (Fig. 1) 
DistributionAustralia (Western Australia)

Type locality: see comment. Corrected to Nouvelle-Hollande [= Australia] fide Duméril (1853: 517). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN Paris (= MNHP) 3943 (2 specimens), from Tasmania (in error); Lectotype: MNHN 3943a, the larger of the two syntypes (J.P. Verreaux, 1844), designated by Wells & Wellington (1985: 46). 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983.

Venomous!

Habitat: burrowing

Taxonomy: The two species of Neelaps are not closely related in the phylogeny of SANDERS et al. 2008, but these authors still retain them as Neelaps, which makes them polyphyletic.

Type locality: originally “Tasmanie” [= Tasmania] (in error). 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., BIBRON, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Glauert, L. 1960. A Handbook of Snakes of Western Australia, 2nd edn. Perth: Western Australian Naturalists' Club, 62 pp.
  • Günther,A. 1863. On new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 11: 20-25 - get paper here
  • Hoffman, C. K. 1890. Reptilien. III. Schlangen und Entwicklungsgeschichte der Reptilien. In: Bronn, H. G. Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs, wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild. Leipzig: C. F. Winter'sche Verlagshandlung 6 (3): 1301-2089 - get paper here
  • Lee, Michael S. Y.; Kate L. Sanders, Benedict King, Alessandro Palci 2016. Diversification rates and phenotypic evolution in venomous snakes (Elapidae) R. Soc. open sci., DOI: 10.1098/rsos.150277 - get paper here
  • Palacky, J. 1898. La distribution des Ophidiens sur le globe. Mém. Soc. Zool. Fr. 11: 88-125
  • Sanders, K.L. et al. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and divergence dates for Australasian elapids and sea snakes (Hydrophiinae): evidence from seven genes for rapid evolutionary radiations. J. Evol. Biol. 21: 682 – 695
  • Storr, G. M. 1968. The genus Vermicella (Serpentes : Elapidae) in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. J. Roy. Soc. West. Aust. 50: 80-92
  • Waite, Edgar R. 1899. Notes on snakes. Rec. Austral. Mus. 3 (5): 104-105 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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