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Ninia sebae (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

IUCN Red List - Ninia sebae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesNinia sebae morleyi (SCHMIDT & ANDREWS 1936)
Ninia sebae immaculata SCHMIDT & RAND 1957
Ninia sebae punctulata (BOCOURT 1883)
Ninia sebae sebae (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854) 
Common NamesE: Redback Coffee Snake
G: Rote Kaffeeschlange 
SynonymStreptophorus sebae DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 515
Streptophorus sebae - BOCOURT 1883
Ninia sebae — GARMAN 1884: 95
Ninia sebae — DUNN 1935: 11
Ninia sebae — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 223
Ninia sebae — LINER 1994
Ninia sebae — SAVAGE 2002: 620
Nina sebae — LILLYWHITE 2014: 134 (in error)
Ninia sebae — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
Ninia sebae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 487

Ninia sebae sebae (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854)
Elapoidis fasciatus HALLOWELL 1855: 35
Streptophorus sebae collaris JAN 1862: 27
Streptophorus sebae var. dorsalis BOCOURT 1883: 547
Ninia collaris — GARMAN 1884: 95
Ninia sebae sebae — SCHMIDT & ANDREWS 1936: 170
Ninia sebae sebae — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 224
Ninia sebae sebae — LINER 2007

Ninia sebae punctulata (BOCOURT 1883)
Streptophorus sebae var. punctulata BOCOURT 1883: 547
Ninia sebae punctulata — SCHMIDT & RAND 1957: 79
Ninia sebae punctulata — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 224
Ninia sebae punctulata — LINER 2007

Ninia sebae morleyi SCHMIDT & ANDREWS 1936
Ninia sebae morleyi SCHMIDT & ANDREWS 1936
Ninia sebae morleyi — BURGER & WERLER 1954: 657
Ninia sebae morleyi — LINER 2007 
DistributionMexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz, Quintana Roo, Yucatan, Campeche [HR 26: 157]), Belize, Guatemala,
Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama; elevation (Honduras): 0-1650 m elevation

Type locality: Mexico; restricted to Veracruz (SCHMIDT& ANDREWS 1936).

immaculata: SE Nicaragua;

morleyi: Mexico (Yucatan); Type locality: Mexico, Yucatan, Chichen Itzá. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN Paris 3778
Syntypes: ANSP 3407-08; ANSP 23004-05; Honduras [Elapoidis fasciatus HALLOWELL 1855]
Holotype: FMNH 11584 [immaculata]
Holotype: FMNH 20619 [morleyi] 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

Relative abundance in Honduras: infrequent

Ninia sebae mimicks Micrurus bernadi, M. limbatus, and M. diastema (TORRE-LORANCA et al. 2006).

Diet: worms 
EtymologyNamed after the naturalist Albertus Seba (1665-1736) who illustrated the species first in his pre-Linnean “Thesaurus”. 
References
  • Angarita-Sierra, Teddy 2014. Hemipenial Morphology in the Semifossorial Snakes of the Genus Ninia and a New Species from Trinidad, West Indies (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) . South American J. Herp. 9 (2): 114-130 - get paper here
  • Bocourt, M. F. 1883. In A. Duméril, M. F. Bocourt, and F. Mocquard, (1870-1909), Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv, 1-1012. In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amér Imprimerie Impériale, Paris - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Dunn,E.R. 1935. The snakes of the genus Ninia. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 21: 9-12. - get paper here
  • Gaige,H. 1936. Some reptiles and amphibians from Yucatan and Campeche, Mexico. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ., (457): 289-304.
  • Garman,Samuel 1884. The reptiles and batrachians of North America. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool, Cambridge (Massachusetts), 8 (3): xxxiv + 185 pp. [1883] [CNAH reprint 10] - get paper here
  • Geiger, Ryan Duran, Nikolas Duran Geiger and Julie M. Ray. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Ninia sebae (culebrilla del cafe; coffee snake). Herpetological Review 45 (1): 95
  • González-Sánchez, V. H., J. D. Johnson, E. García-Padilla, V. Mata-Silva, D. L. DeSantis and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The Herpetofauna of the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 264–380 - get paper here
  • Guerra Centeno, Dennis; Héctor Fuentes Rousselin & David Morán Villatoro 2012. Serpientes de Guatemala: Guía para didentificación de especies. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, 186 pp.
  • Hallowell, E. 1855. Contributions to South American Herpetology. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadephia (2) 3: 33-36 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Henderson, C.L. 2010. Mammals, Amphibians, and Reptiles of Costa Rica - A field guide. University of Texas Press, Austin, 198 pp.
  • Jan, G. 1862. Enumerazione sistematico delle specie d'ofidi del gruppo Calamaridae. Arch. Zool., Anat. Fisiol., 2: 1-76. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 12. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Juárez-Peña, Carlos, Ángel Sosa Bartuano and Silvia Sigüenza-Mejia. 2016. New herpetofaunal records for Parque Nacional Montecristo, El Salvador. El Salvador, Santa Ana. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1107–1113 - get paper here
  • Jur’ev, K. V. 1981. Albertus Seba und seine Rolle in der Entwicklung der Herpetologie [translated from the Russian original] Trudy. Zoologičeskij institut. Akademija nauk SSSR. Leningrad, 101 (1981): Fauna i ekologija amfibij i reptilij palearktičeskoj azii, 109 – 120. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, Gunther, J. Rogelio Cedeño-Vázquez, Manuela Spaeth and Pablo M. Beutelspacher-García. 2016. The Chetumal Snake Census: generating biological data from road-killed snakes. Part 3. Leptodeira frenata, Ninia sebae, and Micrurus diastema. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 930–947 - get paper here
  • Kunz, Kriton 2015. Schlangen, die Wirbellose fressen Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (5): 14-20 - get paper here
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2014. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. Oxford University Press, New York, 256 pp
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, J. & Castañeda, F.E. 2005. The herpetofauna of Parque Nacional Pico Bonito, Honduras. Phyllomedusa 4 (1): 3-16 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1952. Die Amphibien und Reptilien von El Salvador. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) (No. 487): 120 pp.
  • Neill, Wilfred T. and E. Ross Allen. 1959. Studies on the amphibians and reptiles of British Honduras. Publications of the Research Division Ross Allen's Reptiles Institute. 2 (1): 1-76
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Schmidt, K. P, & ANDREWS, E. W. 1936. Notes on snakes from Yucatán. Field Mus. Nat Hist. Zool. Ser. 20: 167-187. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P., & RAND, A. S. 1957. Geographic variation in the Central American colubrine snake Ninia sebae. Fieldiana: Zoology 39 (10): 73-84. - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1935. A contribution to a knowledge of the herpetology of a portion of the savanna region of Central Peten, Guatemala. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology Miscellaneous Publications 29: 1-56 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Torre-Loranca, M.A. de la; Aguirre-León, G. & López-Luna, M.A. 2006. Coralillos verdaderos (Serpentes: Elapidae) y Coralillos falsos (Serpentes: Colubridae) de Veracruz, México. Acta Zool. Mex. 22 (3): 11-22
  • Townsend, J. H., L. D. Wilson, M. Medina-Flores, E. Aguilar-Urbina, B. K. Atkinson et al. 2012. A premontane hotspot for herpetological endemism on the windward side of Refugio de Vida Silvestre Texíguat, Honduras. Salamandra 48 (2): 92-114 - get paper here
  • Urbina-Cardona, J. Nicolás; Mario Olivares-Pérez, Víctor Hugo Reynoso 2006. Herpetofauna diversity and microenvironment correlates across a pasture–edge–interior ecotone in tropical rainforest fragments in the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve of Veracruz, Mexico. Biological Conservation 132: 61–75
  • Vences M., Franzen M., Flaschendräger A., Schmitt R. & Regös J. 1998. Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna von Nicaragua: kommentierte Artenliste der Reptilien. Salamandra 34 (1): 17-42 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, L.D. & McCranie, J.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the cloud forests of Honduras. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 3 (1): 34-48 - get paper here
 
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