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Niveoscincus ocellatus (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Ocellated Cool-skink, Ocellated Skink
G: Gefleckter Skink 
SynonymMocoa ocellata GRAY 1845: 82 (part.)
Lygosoma hieroglyphicum DUMÉRIL & DUMÉRIL 1851: 166
Leiolopisma ocellatum - GREER 1974
Leiolopisma ocellatum - GREER 1982
Carinascincus ocellatum — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 24
Pseudemoia ocellata - FRANK & RAMUS 1995
Niveoscincus ocellatus - HUTCHINSON et al. 1990
Niveoscincus ocellatus — MELVILLE & SWAIN 2000
Niveoscincus ocellata — COGGER 2000: 566
Carinascincus ocellatus — GREER 2005 (online)
Carinascincus ocellatus — COGGER 2014: 428 
DistributionAustralia (Tasmania)

Type locality: Australia [lectotype] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous (placentotrophic) 
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.10.83, from Australia., designated by Rawlinson, in preparation (fide COGGER 1983). Of the paralectotypes, BMNH 1946.8.16.44-46 are referable to this species, but for BMNH 1946.8.10.78 see Leiolopisma metallicum (O’ Shaughnessy, 1874).
Syntypes: MNHP 3012 (3 specimens), from Hobart, Tasmania [Lygosoma hieroglyphicum]. 
CommentHabitat: Saxicolous, boulder fields in wet heathlands, rocky slopes in sclerophyll woodlands, elevation 40-1000 m. 
References
  • Baehr, M. 1976. Beiträge zur Verbreitung und Ökologie tasmanischer Reptilien. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. (A) 292: 1-24 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C. & A. H. A. Duméril 1851. Catalogue méthodique de la collection des reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Gide et Baudry/Roret, Paris, 224 pp.
  • Gomard, Guillaume 2015. Tigerottern: eine Einladung zum Kennenlernen der Reptilien Tasmaniens. Terraria Elaphe 2015 (4): 44-51 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Greer, Allen E. 1982. A new species of Leiolopisma (Lacertilia: Scincidae) from Western Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 34 (12): 549-573 - get paper here
  • Hutchinson M N; Donnellan S C; Baverstock P R; Krieg M; Simms S; Burgin S 1990. Immunological relationships and generic revision of the Australian lizards assigned to the genus Leiolopisma (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Australian Journal of Zoology 38 (5): 535-554 - get paper here
  • Hutchinson,M.D. & Schwaner,T.D. 1991. Genetic relationships among the Tasmanian scincid lizards of the genus Niveoscincus. Journal of Herpetology 25 (1): 49-58 - get paper here
  • Leal, Francisca and Martha Patricia Ramírez-Pinilla 2010. Evolution and development of the extraembryonic membranes in lizards: Heterochronies and placentotrophy. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Melville, Jane; Swain, Roy 2000. Evolutionary relationships between morphology, performance and habitat openness in the lizard genus Niveoscincus (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 70: 667–683. - get paper here
  • Melville,J. & SWAIN,R. 2000. Mitochondrial DNA-sequence based phylogeny and biogeography of the snow skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Niveoscincus) of Tasmania. Herpetologica 56 (2): 196-208 - get paper here
  • Rawlinson, P. A. 1974. Biogeography and ecology of the reptiles of Tasmania and the Bass Strait area. In: Williams, W. D. (ed.) Biogeography and Ecology in Tasmania,Chapt. 11. The Hague: Junk, pp. 291-338
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Wu, Q., Fong, C.K., Thompson, M.B. and Murphy, C.R. 2014. Changes to the uterine epithelium during the reproductive cycle of two viviparous lizard species (Niveoscincus spp.). Acta Zoologica (Stockholm) 96: 497–509, DOI: 10.1111/azo.12096 - get paper here
 
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