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Oedura marmorata GRAY, 1842

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesMarbled Velvet Gecko 
SynonymOedura marmorata GRAY 1842
Phyllodactylus (Aedura) marmorata — DUMÉRIL 1856
Phyllodactylus marmoratus — STEINDACHNER 1867
Oedura verrillii COPE 1869: 318
Oedura verrillii — GÜNTHER 1869
Oedura fracticolor DE VIS 1884
Oedura marmorata — BOULENGER 1885: 104
Oedura ? verrillii — BOULENGER 1885: 108
Oedura greeri WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 14 (nom. nud.)
Oedura marmorata — RÖSLER 2000: 97
Oedura marmorata — COGGER 2000: 263
Oedura marmorata — OLIVER et al. 2012
Oedura marmorata — OLIVER & DOUGHTY 2016 
DistributionAustralia (Northern Territory)

Type locality: Port Essington, N. T. [lectotype]

Type locality: ‘Kimberley’ (currently Normanton) at the mouth of the Norman River on the Gulf of Carpentaria in Queensland [fracticolor]  
TypesLectotype BMNH xxii.2b.; syntype: MCZ R-6471
Holotype: AMS R87677 [greeri] 
CommentSynonymy: OLIVER & DOUGHTY 2016 split up O. marmorata into several spcies, and removed Oedura cincta DE VIS 1888 from the synonymy of O. marmorata. KLUGE (1965, 1993) listed verillii with a question mark, indicating its unclear synonymy. Owing to the vague description and type location and lack of type specimens, OLIVER & DOUGHTY 2016 maintain O. verrillii as a junior synonym of O. marmorata. Oedura greeri Wells & Wellington, 1985 (holotype: AMS R87677) was described without diagnosis and is regarded as a nomen nudum (Shea & Sadlier 1999).

Type species: Oedura marmorata is the type species of the genus Oedura GRAY 1842. Cogger (1992) offers the following generic diagnosis: “Rostral and mental shields rounded. Labials larger than adjacent scales. Postmentals enlarged. Digits moderately long,depressed, moderately expanded distally to form distinct pad; a greatly enlarged pair of apical subdigital lamellae, followed by a series of enlarged transverse lamellae, divided distally, single proximally; digits lying flat on substrate when viewed laterally; all digits clawed, the claws small, retractile and lying between the enlarged apical lamellae. Preanal pores present.” (cited after COUPER et al. 2007).

Distribution: note that the distribution of O. mormorata has been restricted to the Northern Territory after splitting off other populations into different species (O. cincta, O. fimbria).

Karyotype: 2n = 38 (King 1987) 
  • Bedford, G.S.; Christian, K.A. 1998. Changes in Tail Color after Autotomy in the Gekkonid Lizard Oedura marmorata, from Australia. Jour. Int. Gecko Soc. 3 (3): 127-130
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Bustard, H. R. 1970. Oedura marmorata a complex of Australian geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Senckenbergiana biologica 51: 21-40
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Cope, E.D. 1869. Observations on Reptiles of the old world. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1868: 316-323 - get paper here
  • de Vis, C. W. 1884. Notes on the fauna of the Gulf of Carpentaria. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 154—160. - get paper here
  • De Vis, C. W. 1888. A contribution to the herpetology of Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. (2) 2: 811-826 [1887] - get paper here
  • Ford, J. 1963. The Reptilian Fauna of the Islands between Dongara and Lancelin, Western Australia. Western Australian Naturalist 8 (6): 135-142
  • Gray, J. E. 1842. Description of some hitherto unrecorded species of Australian reptiles and batrachians. Zoological Miscellany 2: 51—57 (London: Treuttel, Würtz & Co) - get paper here
  • Hagey TJ, Harte S, Vickers M, Harmon LJ, Schwarzkopf L 2017. There’s more than one way to climb a tree: Limb length and microhabitat use in lizards with toe pads. PLoS One 12 (9): e0184641 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Die “Geckos” Australiens. Draco 8 (29): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Australische Samtgeckos. Die Gattung Oedura. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Longman, H. A. 1915. Reptiles from Queensland and the Northern Territory. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 3: 30-34.
  • Oliver PM, McDonald PJ. 2016. Young relicts and old relicts: a novel palaeoendemic vertebrate from the Australian Central Uplands. R. Soc. open sci. 3: 160018 - get paper here
  • Oliver, Paul M.; Aaron M. Bauer, Eli Greenbaum, Todd Jackman, Tara Hobbie 2012. Molecular phylogenetics of the arboreal Australian gecko genus OeduraGray 1842 (Gekkota: Diplodactylidae): Another plesiomorphic grade?. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63 (2): 255-264 - get paper here
  • OLIVER, PAUL M.; PAUL DOUGHTY 2016. Systematic revision of the marbled velvet geckos (Oedura marmorata species complex, Diplodactylidae) from the Australian arid and semi-arid zones Zootaxa 4088 (2): 151–176 - get paper here
  • Rosauer, D.F., et al., 2016. Phylogeography, hotspots and conservation priorities: An example from the Top End of Australia. Biological Conservation, doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.002 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Studien an den Begattungsorganen der Geckos (Reptilia: Gekkota) - 3. Die Hemipenismorphologie von Arten der Gattungen Hoplodactylus FITZINGER 1843, Naultinus GRAY 1842, Oedura GRAY 1842, Rhacodactylus FITZINGER 1843 und Strophurus FITZINGER 1843 (Gek Gekkota 2: 220-248
  • Schmida, G. 2007. Betrachtungen zu den australischen Samtgeckos der Gattung Oedura. Draco 8 (29): 22-30 - get paper here
  • Wells, R. W. and Wellington, C. R. 1985. A classification of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, Supplementary Series, (1):1-61. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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