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Oligosoma infrapunctatum (BOULENGER, 1887)

IUCN Red List - Oligosoma infrapunctatum - , LR

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSpeckled Skink 
SynonymLygosoma infrapunctatum BOULENGER 1887: 274
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) infrapunctatum — SMITH 1937: 224
Leiolopisma infrapunctatum - MCCANN 1955
Leiolopisma infrapunctatum — GREER 1974: 16
Oligosoma infrapunctatum - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Oligosoma newmani WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985 (Stephens Is)
Oligosoma robinsoni WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985 (Whale Is)
Oligosoma infrapunctatum — PATTERSON & DAUGHERTY 1995
Oligosoma infrapunctatum — HICKSON et al. 2000
Oligosoma infrapunctatum — HITCHMOUGH et al. 2016 
DistributionNew Zealand, North Island (Waikato, Wellington), Stephen Is, South Island (Nelson, Westland)  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH ? 
CommentSMITH 1937 mentioned infrapunctatum as from Western Australia.
Max. snout-vent-length: 75 mm.

JEWELL (2008) recognises four species previously assigned to O. infrapunctatum: Cobble skink Oligosoma sp. 9 (p. 94; not previously recognised), Crenulate skink Oligosoma sp. 10 (p. 96; = clade 2), Paparoa skink Oligosoma sp. 11 (p. 97), and Hitchmough 2009 for more discussion.

Conservation: Some populations critically threatened (Hitchmough et al. 2016). 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Chapple, D.G.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Jewell, 2009. Taxonomic instability of reptiles and frogs in New Zealand: information to aid the use of Jewell (2008) for species identification [a comment on King 2009 and further commented by Jewell]. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 36: 59–71
  • Chapple, D.G.; Patterson, G.B. 2007. A new skink species (Oligosoma taumakae sp. nov.; Reptilia: Scincidae) from the Open Bay Islands, New Zealand. New Zealand J. Zool. 34: 347-357
  • Greaves, Stephanie N.J.; David G. Chapple, Charles H. Daugherty, Dianne M. Gleeson and Peter A. Ritchie 2008. Genetic divergences pre-date Pleistocene glacial cycles in the New Zealand speckled skink, Oligosoma infrapunctatum. Journal of Biogeography 35: 853–864
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Hardy, G. 1977. The New Zealand Scincidae: a taxonomic study. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 4: 221-325 - get paper here
  • Henle, K. 1981. Die Herpetofauna Neuseelands, Teil 3: Einheimische Skinke. Herpetofauna 3 (14): 14-18 - get paper here
  • HICKSON, Robert E.; KERRYN E. SLACK AND PETER LOCKHART 2000. Phylogeny recapitulates geography, or why New Zealand has so many species of skinks. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 70: 415–433 - get paper here
  • Hitchmough, Rod; Ben Barr, Marieke Lettink, Jo Monks, James Reardon, Mandy Tocher, Dylan van Winkel and Jeremy Rolfe 2016. Conservation status of New Zealand reptiles, 2015. New Zeland Department of Conservation, 14 pp. - get paper here
  • Hitchmough, Rodney A.; Geoffrey B. Patterson, and David G. Chapple 2016. Putting a Name to Diversity: Taxonomy of the New Zealand Lizard Fauna in: Chapple, D.G. (ed). New Zealand Lizards. Springer, pp. 87-108 - get paper here
  • Patterson, G.B.; Daugherty, C.H. 1995. Reinstatement of the genus Oligosoma (Reptilia: Lacertilia: Scincidae). J. Royal Soc. New Zealand 25 (3): 327-331
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
 
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