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Oligosoma suteri (BOULENGER, 1906)

IUCN Red List - Oligosoma suteri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesEgg-laying Skink, Suter’s skink 
SynonymLygosoma suteri BOULENGER 1906
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) suteri — SMITH 1937: 223
Leiolopisma suteri - MCCANN 1955
Leiolopisma suteri — GREER 1974: 17
Leiolopisma suteri — HENLE 1981
Robbisaurus suteri - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Oligosoma suteri — TOWNS 1994
Oligosoma suteri — PATTERSON & DAUGHERTY 1995
Oligosoma suteri — HICKSON et al. 2000
Oligosoma suteri — HITCHMOUGH et al. 2016 
DistributionNew Zealand, Great Barrier Island, North Island (Three Kings to Alderman Is)

Type locality: Great Barrier Island.  
Reproductionegg-laying. This is New Zealand’s only native oviparous skink (the other egg-laying skink on New Zealand, Lampropholis delicata, has been introduced). 
TypesHolotype: WRM 60/620 
CommentHistory: Boulenger received both a specimen of O. suteri and O. homalonotum on loan from Henry Suter, it was not until decades later that McCann and Hardy found out that O.homalonotum does not occur on Flat Island at all and the labels must have been mixed up somewhere along the line (J. Jansen, pers. comm., 30 Jan 2016). 
Etymologynamed after the collector of the type, H. Suter. 
References
  • Böhme, W. & Henkel, F. W. 1985. Zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna Neukaledoniens, speziell der Gattung Rhacodactylus. Herpetofauna 7 (34): 23-29 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, GEORGE A. 1906. Descriptions of two new lizards from New Zealand. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 17: 369-371 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Hardy, G. 1977. The New Zealand Scincidae: a taxonomic study. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 4: 221-325 - get paper here
  • Hare, Kelly M., Shirley Pledger and Charles H. Daugherty. 2008. Low incubation temperatures negatively influence locomotor performance and behavior of the nocturnal lizard Oligosoma suteri (Lacertidae: Scincidae). Copeia 2008 (1): 16-22 - get paper here
  • Hare, Kelly M.; Charles H. Daugherty and David G. Chapple 2008. Comparative phylogeography of three skink species (Oligosoma moco, O. smithi, O. suteri; Reptilia: Scincidae) in northeastern New Zealand. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46 (1): 303-315 - get paper here
  • Henle, K. 1981. Die Herpetofauna Neuseelands, Teil 3: Einheimische Skinke. Herpetofauna 3 (14): 14-18 - get paper here
  • HICKSON, Robert E.; KERRYN E. SLACK AND PETER LOCKHART 2000. Phylogeny recapitulates geography, or why New Zealand has so many species of skinks. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 70: 415–433 - get paper here
  • Hitchmough, Rodney A.; Geoffrey B. Patterson, and David G. Chapple 2016. Putting a Name to Diversity: Taxonomy of the New Zealand Lizard Fauna in: Chapple, D.G. (ed). New Zealand Lizards. Springer, pp. 87-108 - get paper here
  • Janssen, J., Towns, D.R., Duxbury, M. and Heitkönig, I.M., 2015. Surviving in a semi-marine habitat: Dietary salt exposure and salt secretion of a New Zealand intertidal skink. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 189: 21-29
  • Patterson, G.B.; Daugherty, C.H. 1995. Reinstatement of the genus Oligosoma (Reptilia: Lacertilia: Scincidae). J. Royal Soc. New Zealand 25 (3): 327-331
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • STEPHENSON, BRENT 2014. Suter’s skink (Oligosoma suteri) scavenging from a dolphin carcass. BioGecko (1): - get paper here
 
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