Oligosoma zelandicum (GRAY, 1843)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Oligosoma zelandicum?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Brown Skink|
|Synonym||Tiliqua zelandica GRAY 1843: 202|
Mocoa zelandica — GRAY 1845
Lygosoma zelandica GRAY 1843
Mocoa zelandica — BULLER 1870: 6
Leiolopisma ornata [MCCANN 1955] part
Leiolopisma zelandicum — GREER 1974
Leiolopisma zelandica — GILL 1976
Oligosoma zelandica — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Leiolopisma zelandicum — PATTERSON & DAUGHERTY 1993
Oligosoma zelandicum — PATTERSON & DAUGHERTY 1995
Oligosoma zelandicum — HICKSON et al. 2000
Oligosoma zelandicum — HITCHMOUGH et al. 2016
|Distribution||New Zealand, North Island (Taranaki, Wellington), Cook Strait, South Island (Nelson)|
Type locality: “Cook’s Strait”
|Types||Holotype: BMNH RR 1918.104.22.168 (see also GILL 1976)|
|Diagnosis||Deﬁnition (genus): The clade comprising Oligosoma zelandicum (Gray, 1843), and all species that share a more recent common ancestor with O. zelandicum than with the Eugongylus group skinks of New Caledonia (speciﬁcally Nannoscincus mariei, Marmorosphax tricolor, Caledoniscincus austrocaledonicus, Lioscincus tillieri) and Australia (speciﬁcally Lampropholis guichenoti, Niveoscincus pretiosus, Morethia adelaidensis) (also see Smith et al., 2007). This genus includes all native skinks from New Zealand (including the Chatham Islands), the Lord Howe Island group, and Philip Island (6 km south of Norfolk Island). Members of this genus can be distinguished from the introduced delicate skink (Lampropholis delicata De Vis, 1888), which has its frontoparietals fused to form a single shield, by the presence of paired frontoparietals (Wilson and Swan, 2008; Jewell, 2008; Chapple et al. 2009).|
|Comment||Synonymy: Has been considered as a synonym of Oligosoma nigriplantare. Listed as synonym of Lygosoma moco by BOULENGER 1887: 272.|
Type Species: Tiliqua zelandica GRAY 1843 is the type species of the genus Oligosoma. Hardy (1977) suggested that M. zelandica was a composite of T. zelandica and a second species, which may have been O. moco. Patterson and Daugherty (1995) nominated O. moco as the type species when reinstating Oligosoma. Chapple et al. (2009) argued that Patterson and Daugherty’s (1995) nomination of O. moco as type species of Oligosoma was invalid.
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