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Oocatochus rufodorsatus (CANTOR, 1842)

IUCN Red List - Oocatochus rufodorsatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Frog-eating Rat Snake, Red-backed Rat Snake
G: Rotbauch-Kletternatter, Rotrückennatter 
SynonymTropidonotus rufodorsatus CANTOR 1842
Ablabes sex-lineatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 324
Coluber rufodorsatus — GÜNTHER 1864: 238
Coronella sexlineata — JAN 1865
Simotes Conradi PETERS 1874: 376
Simotes Herzi BOETTGER 1886: 519
Coluber rufodorsatus — GÜNTHER 1888: 170
Ablabes rufodorsatus — BOULENGER 1890: 138
Coluber rufodorsatus — BOULENGER 1894: 43
Elaphe rufodorsata — STEJNEGER 1907: 310
Elaphe rufodorsata coreensis STEWART 1970 (nomen nudum)
Elaphe rufodorsata — SZYNDLAR 1984
Elaphe rufodorsata — SCHULZ 1996: 225
Oocatochus rufodorsatus — HELFENBERGER 2001
Oocatochus rufodorsatus — UTIGER et al. 2002
Oocatachus rufodorsatus] — LAWSON et al. 2005
Oocatochus rufodorsatus — ANANJEVA et al. 2006
Oocatochus rufodorsatus — ZHAO 2006: 235
Elaphe rufodorsata — SEUNG HOON 2012: 231
Oocatochus rufodorsatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 505 
DistributionRussia (Primorskiy Territory, Amur Oblast),
Korea, Taiwan,
NE China (west to Shanxi, south to Hubei and Fujian; Jiangxi, Chekiang, Hupeh, Anhwei, Kiangsu, Shantung, Hopei)

Type locality: China: Zhejiang, Chusan island (Cantor, 1842)
Type locality: “Bangkok” [see note] [Simotes Conradi] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.7.32–33 (formerly BMNH 1843.7.21.34), adult females.
Holotype: ZMB 8186 [Simotes Conradi] 
CommentCantor is cited after STEJNEGER 1907 who doesn’t give the page number of CANTOR’s three-part paper on Chusan (so the description might be in one of the other two).

Synonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907.

The type locality of Simotes Conradi may be in error as E. rufodorsata does not occur in Thailand (P. David, pers. comm.).

HELFENBERGER (2001) diagnosed the genus Oocatochus as “egg-retending, i.e. life-bearing [Greek oon = egg, Greek kataochos = retending], hypopophyses terminating far cranially (< 20 VP), heart displaced cranially (< 20 VP)”.

Type species: Tropidonotus rufodorsatus CANTOR 1842 is the type species of the genus Oocatochus HELFENBERGER 2001. 
References
  • Adnagulov E.V. 2016. On the distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the Evreiskaya Autonomous Oblast' (Russia). [in Russian] Current Studies in Herpetology, 16(3/4): 87–106 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Boettger,O. 1886. Diagnoses reptilium novorum ab ill. viris O. Herz et Consule Dr. O. Fr. de Moellendorff in Sina meridionali repertorum. Zool. Anz. 9: 519-520 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. A list of the reptiles and batrachians of Amoorland [Russia]. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5: 137-144 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Cantor,T. 1842. General features of Chusan, with remarks on the flora and fauna of that island [part 1]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 9: 265-278 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1888. On a collection of reptiles from China. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 165-172 - get paper here
  • Helfenberger, Notker 2001. Phylogenetic relationship of Old World Ratsnakes based on visceral organ topography, osteology, and allozyme variation. Russ. J. Herpetol. (Suppl.): 1-56 - get paper here
  • HEO, Jun-Haeng; Heon-Joo LEE; Il-Hun KIM; Jonathan J.FONG; Ja-Kyeong KIM; Sumin JEONG; Daesik PARK 2014. Can an Invasive Prey Species Induce Morphological and Behavioral Changes in an Endemic Predator?Evidence from a South Korean Snake (Oocatochus rufodorsatus). Asian Herpetological Research 5 (4): 245-254 doi 10.3724/SP.J.1245.2014.00245 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 14. Livraison. [Elapomorphus d’Orbignyi, Coronella getulus var. Sayi]. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Lawson, R.; J.B. Slowinski; B.I. Crother and F.T. Burbrink 2005. Phylogeny of the Colubroidea (Serpentes): New evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 37 (2): 581-601 - get paper here
  • Lenk, P.; Joger, U. & Wink, M. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships among European ratsnakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger based on mitochondrial DNA sequence comparisons. Amphibia-Reptilia 22 (3): 329-339 - get paper here
  • Li, En; Dinglong Feng, Peng Yan, Hui Xue, Jing Chen, Xiao-Bing Wu 2014. The complete mitochondrial genome of Oocatochus rufodorsatus (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Mitochondrial DNA 25 (6): 449-450, doi: 10.3109/19401736.2013.814116 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1874. Über einige neue Reptilien (Lacerta, Eremias, Diploglossus, Euprepes, Lygosoma, Sepsina, Ablepharus, Simotes, Onychocephalus). Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1874 (Juni): 368-377 - get paper here
  • Schulz, K. D. 1996. Eine Monographie der Schlangengattung Elaphe Fitzinger. Bushmaster, Berg (CH): 1-460
  • Schulz, K.-D. 1985. Die hinterasiatischen Kletternattern der Gattung Elaphe, Teil 1 Elaphe rufodorsata. Sauria 7 (2): 21-25 - get paper here
  • Schulz, Klaus-Dieter 1996. A monograph of the colubrid snakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger. Koeltz Scientific Books, 439 pp.
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Stein, Adam Carsten; Viktoriia Alexandrovna Kalinina 2016. Confirmation of the Red-Backed Rat Snake Oocatochus rufodorsatus (Cantor, 1842) (Squamata: Colubridae) in Amur Oblast’, Russian Federation Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (1): 81-82
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Szyndlar, Z. 1984. A description of a small collection of amphibians and reptiles from the People's Democratic Republic of Korea, with notes on the distribution of the herpetofauna in that country. Acta Zool. Cracov. 27 (1): 3-18
  • Utiger, Urs, Notker Helfenberger, Beat Schätti, Catherine Schmidt, Markus Ruf and Vincent Ziswiler 2002. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Old World and New World ratsnakes, Elaphe Auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Y.Q.; Zhou, K.Y.; Xu, L.S.; Yang, G.; Xu, G.J. 1999. The Evolutionary Relationships of Several Colubrid Snakes Suggested by Sequence Analysis of Cyt b Gene Fragment. Acta Zoologica Sinica 45:332-338
  • Winchell, S. 2003. The wide world of snakes in China. Reptilia (GB) (31): 12-21 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. 2003. Die vielfältige Welt chinesischer Schlangen. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 20-29 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
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