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Ophiodes fragilis (RADDI, 1826)

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Higher TaxaDiploglossidae, Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesFragile Worm Lizard 
SynonymSeps fragilis RADDI 1826
Ophiodes fragilis — PETERS 1877
Ophiodes yacupoi GALLARDO 1966: 139
Ophiodes yacupoi — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 210
Ophiodes yacupoi — CEI 1993
Ophiodes fragilis — BÉRNILS et al. 2001
Ophiodes yacupoi — BERNILS et al. 2007
Ophiodes fragilis — CALDEIRA-COSTA et al. 2009
Ophiodes fragilis — AVILA et al. 2013
Ophiodes yacupoi — COSTA & BÉRNILS 2015 
DistributionArgentina, Paraguay (fide Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014)

yacupoi: Brazil (Mato Grosso), Bolivia (Santa Cruz); Type locality: Yerbal San Martín, Puerto Libertad, Misiones, Argentina.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesLectotype: ZSM 593/0
Holotype: MACN 12721 [yacupoi] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: Ophiodes fragilis has been revalidated by Marcos di Bernardo (pers. comm. to A. Kwet). This species has been previously synonymized with O. striatus.

Distribution: Argentinean populations of this species were named as Ophiodes yacupoi Gallardo, 1966 for a long time, but new evidence (Martins 1998) suggests that this species must be named as O. fragilis. O. yacupoi is not in Paraguay (fide Cacciali & Scott 2012 and Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014), nor in Argentina; Argentinean populations of this species actually belong to O. fragilis (Avila et al. 2013).

Limbs: hindlimbs only (reduced). 
Etymology 
References
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  • Bérnils, R.S.; Batista, M.A. & Bertelli, P.W. 2001. Cobras e lagartos do Vale: levantamento das espécies de Squamata (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) da Bacia do Rio Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Rev. Est. Ambientais (Blumenau) 3 (1): 69-79
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