You are here » home advanced search Ophiomorus raithmai

Ophiomorus raithmai ANDERSON & LEVITON, 1966

IUCN Red List - Ophiomorus raithmai - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Ophiomorus raithmai?

Add your own observation of
Ophiomorus raithmai »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesEastern sand swimmer 
SynonymOphiomorus raithmai ANDERSON & LEVITON 1966: 519
Sphenocephalus tridactylus STOLICZKA 1872 (part.)
Ophiomorus tridactylus — BOULENGER 1887 (part.)
Ophiomorus raithmai — DAS 1996: 47
Ophiomorus raithmai — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionNW India (Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab), SE Pakistan

Type locality: Pakistan: Karachi District, Ghizri.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: CAS 99834; Paratypes: ZISP 17870 (ex CAS 99837), “Pakistan, Karachi District, Ghizri”. Leg.: J. A. Anderson, 24.III.1965; CAS 99835-99836, 99838, 99840-99846 and MCZ 84027 with the same locality data; AMNH 82205 from “Pakistan: Karachi District: Karachi, east edge of city, near Hill Park”; AMNH 86876 from “Pakistan: Karachi District: Karachi, Jinnah Hospital”; AMNH 86877-86879 from “Pakistan: Karachi District: Ghizri, near Clifton”; AMNH 86880 from “Pakistan: Karachi District: Malir Cantonment North”; AMNH 85843 from “ Pakistan: Dadu District: Canyon of Sari River, 23 miles northeast of Malir; AMNH 85844 from “Pakistan: Sanghar District: 0.5 miles west of Burra”; AMNH 85845-85848 from “Pakistan: Las Bela District: Sonmiani Beach” and BM 1934.3.4.3–1934.3.4.4 from “Pakistan: Sind” (Anderson & Leviton 1966).
 
Diagnosis 
CommentDistribution: There has been some confusion about the distribution of this species in India, as various authors have included in the fauna of India but others haven’t. Indraneil Das thinks that the Nushki, Baluchistan specimens are a new species (to be named after Steve Anderson), restricting tridactylus to Afghanistan, and applying raithmai to the population in eastern Pakistan and western India (DAS, pers. comm.). Apparently there is no raithmai in India (I. Das, pers. comm. via Shai Meiri, 5 Sep 2014).
If only O.raithmai is considered to be occurring from India, then the locality records for this species in India (including those reported for O.tridactylus) are Ganganagar, Raisingnagar, Suratgarh, Sadulpur, Churu, Jhunjhunu, Pilani, Ratangarh, Sikar, Lunkaransar, Bikaner, Munabau, Sundra, Kolayat, Bap, Phalodi, Pokran, Mohangarh, Nagaur, Ramgarh, Jaisalmer, Devikot, Hindumal Kot, Osian and Jodhpur in Barmer, Jodhpur and Nagaur districts of Rajasthan (Biswas &Sanyal. 1977); Cutch (Vyas 1998); 'Punjab' (Sharma 2002) [from Dilip Venugopal 2008, pers. comm.]. 
Etymologynamed after the words “raith mai”, meaning sand-fish, which Sindhi and some neighboring Baluchi people use for the species. 
References
  • Aengals, R.; V.M. Sathish Kumar & Muhamed Jafer Palot 2013. Updated Checklist of Indian Reptiles.
  • Anderson, S.C. & Leviton,A.E. 1966. A review of the genus Ophiomorus (Sauria: Scincidae), with descriptions of three new forms. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 33 (16): 499-534 - get paper here
  • BARABANOV, ANDREI & KONSTANTIN MILTO 2017. An annotated type catalogue of the anguid, dibamid, scincid and varanid lizards in the Department of Herpetology, Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia (Reptilia: Sauria: Anguidae, Dibamidae, Scincidae and Varanida Zootaxa 4244 (1): 065–078 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Biswas, S., & Sanyal, D.P. 1977. Fauna of Rajasthan, India, Part: Reptilia. Rec. Zool. Surv. of India, Calcutta 73: 247-269. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil 2003. Growth of Knowledge on the Reptiles of India, with an Introduction to Systematics, Taxonomy and Nomenclature. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 100 (2-3): 446-502 - get paper here
  • Das,I. 1996. Biogeography of the Reptiles of South Asia. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida
  • Greer, Allen E. and George D. F. Wilson 2001. Comments on the scincid lizard genus Ophiomorus, with a cladistic analysis of the species. Hamadryad 26 (2): 261-271 [2002]
  • KAZEMI, SEYED MAHDI; MASOOD FARHADI QOMI, HAJI GHOLI KAMI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2011. A new species of Ophiomorus (Squamata: Scincidae) from Maranjab Desert, Isfahan Province, Iran, with a revised key to the genus. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (1): 23-33. - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2002. Fauna of India and the adjacent countries. Reptilia (Sauria). Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 430 pp.
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 1998. The reptiles of Gujarat state: Updated distribution. Tiger paper 25 (1): 8-14
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator