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Ophioscincus truncatus (PETERS, 1876)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Short-limbed Snake-skink 
SynonymColoscincus truncatus PETERS 1876
Lygosoma truncatum — LONGMAN 1916
Lygosoma truncatum — SMITH 1937: 221
Lygosoma truncatum monswilsonensis COPLAND 1952
Anomalopus truncatus — COGGER 1983
Ophioscincus truncatus — GREER & COGGER 1985
Ophioscincus truncatus — COGGER 2000: 556
Ophioscincus truncatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (NE New South Wales, SE Queensland)

truncatus: islands of Moreton Bay; Type locality: Peale Island in Moreton Bai [= Queensland, Australia].

monswilsonensis: McPherson Ranges; Type locality: Wilsons Peak, Qld.  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 8932
Holotype: AM R18587 (P–S.J. Copland, 10.xi.1940) [monswilsonensis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Differs from all other Ophioscincus in each of the following character states: limbs visible externally, sacral diapophyses fused and ischia joined medially (GREER & COGGER 1985: 34).

Description. Peters (1876) gave a good description and figure of O. truncatus in his original description and even compared it with what we recognize here as one of the species' congeners, O. australis (= ophioscincus). Copland (1952) gave his usual detailed account of the species, accompanied by a figure and photograph, when he sought to distinguish the Mt Wilson population (0. monswilsonensis) from the Moreton Bay populations. In light of these previous accounts and accompanying figures, we forgo a redescription of the species. For a tabular comparison between this and the other two species in the genus see Table 4 (GREER & COGGER 1985: 34). 
CommentSynonymy: SHEA 1999 says that monswilsonensis is a synonym of Ophioscincus truncatus, citing GREER & COGGER 1985.

Limb morphology: 1 digit, 1 toe (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014; some have limbs but really no digits) 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Greer A E; Cogger H G 1985. Systematics of the reduce-limbed and limbless skinks currently assigned to the genus Anomalopus (Lacertilia: Scincidae). Rec. Austral. Mus. 37(1) 1985: 11-54 - get paper here
  • Longman, H. A. 1916. Snakes and lizards from Queensland and the Northern Territory. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 5: 46-51 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1876. Über die von S. M. S. Gazelle mitgebrachten Amphibien. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1876 (August):528-535 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M; Sadlier, Ross A 1999. A catalogue of the non-fossil amphibian and reptile type specimens in the collection of the Australian Museum: types currently, previously and purportedly present. TECHNICAL REPORTS OF THE AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM 15, 1999: 1-91 - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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