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Ophisaurus ventralis (LINNAEUS, 1766)

IUCN Red List - Ophisaurus ventralis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesEastern Glass Lizard 
SynonymAnguis ventralis LINNAEUS 1766: 391
Ophisaurus punctatus CUVIER 1829: 70 (fide BRYGOO 1987)
Ophisaurus striatulus CUVIER 1829: 70 (fide BRYGOO 1987)
Ophisaurus ventralis var. A-E DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 423
Ophisaurus ventralis — HALLOWELL 1856: 239
Ophisaurus ventralis var. — HALLOWELL 1856: 307
Ophisaurus ventralis — COUES 1871: 48
Ophisaurus ventralis — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 138
Ophisaurus ventralis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 460
Ophisaurus ventralis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009 
DistributionUSA (SE Louisiana, S Mississippi, Oklahoma, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, E North Carolina, Virginia, Florida),
Caribbean: Cayman Islands (introduced)

Type locality: "Carolina"; restricted to the vicinity of Charleston, South Carolina, by Neill, 1949.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: Unknown.
Syntypes: MNHN [ventralis var. A-E DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839] 
CommentIllustrations: see Conant and Collins 1991, among many others.

Limbless.

Synonymy: Ophisaurus ventralis sulcatus is now considered as a synonym of P. attenuatus.

Type Species: Anguis ventralis LINNAEUS 1766 is the type species of the genus Ophisaurus DAUDIN 1803.

Phylogenetics: The genus Ophisaurus was paraphyletic in the analysis of Pyron et al. 2013. 
EtymologyThe generic name is from the Greek words ophis, meaning "serpent or snake" and sauros, meaning lizard, in reference to the snake-like appearance of this genus (Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013). 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Blair, A.P. 1950. Notes on Two Anguid Lizards. Copeia 1950 (1): 57 - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E. R. 1987. Les types d'Anguidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle Catalogue critique. Bulletin du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, 4e ser., 9, sect. A (Zool., BioI. & Ecol. anim.), (2), supplement, 3-20. - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Caudill, Gretchen, Danny Caudill, Bobbi Carpenter, Kevin M. Enge and Henry N. Curry. 2014. Ophisaurus ventralis (eastern glass lizard) predation. Herpetological Review 45 (4): 698
  • Collins, J.T. and <br />T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Coues, Elliot 1871. Notes on the natural history of Fort Macon, N.C., and vicinity. (No.1). Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 1871: 12-48 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Hallowell, E. 1856. Note on the collection of reptiles from the neighborhood of San Antonio, Texas, recently presented to the Academy of Natural Sciences by Dr. A. Heermann. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 8: 306-310 - get paper here
  • Hallowell, E. 1856. Notice of a collection of reptiles from Kansas and Nebraska, presented to the Academy of Natural Sciences by Dr. Hammond, U.S.A. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 8: 238-253 - get paper here
  • Holman, J. A. 1971. Ophisaurus ventralis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (115. - get paper here
  • Holman, J. Alan 1971. Ophisaurus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (110): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Linné, C. von [= Linnaeus, C.] 1766. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio duodecima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, Holmiae. 1-532 pp. - get paper here
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • McConkey, Edwin H. 1957. The subspecies of Eumeces egregius, a lizard of the southeastern United States. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 2 (2): 13-23 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Neill, W.T. 1949. Forms of Ophisaurus in the southeastem United States. Herpetologica 5 (4): 97-100. - get paper here
  • Noble, G. K.;Mason, E. R. 1933. Experiments on the brooding habits of the lizards Eumeces and Ophisaurus. American Museum Novitates (619): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Palmer, William M. 1988. Rediscovery of the Holotype of Ophisaurus ventralis sulcatus (COPE). Herpetological Review 19 (1): 9 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A.; Frank T Burbrink, John J Wiens 2013. A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evol Biol 13: 93 - get paper here
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Leonard, Arthur B. 1934. Distributional records of reptiles and amphibians in Oklahoma. American Midland Naturalist 15: 190-196 - get paper here
 
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