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Oplurus cuvieri (GRAY, 1831)

IUCN Red List - Oplurus cuvieri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaOpluridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesOplurus cuvieri cuvieri (GRAY 1831)
Oplurus cuvieri comorensis (ANGEL 1942) 
Common NamesE: Cuvier's Madagascar Swift
G: Cuviers Madagaskarleguan 
SynonymOplurus torquatus CUVIER 1829: 48 (nomen oblitum)
Tropidurus cuvieri GRAY 1831: 41 (nomen substitutum for Oplurus torquatus)
Oplurus Sebae DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 361
Hoplurus Sebae — FITZINGER 1843: 76
Hoplurus Barnardi PETERS 1854: 616 (part.)
Hoplurus sebae — BOULENGER 1885: 129
Hoplurus sebae — BARBOUR 1918: 483
Oplurus cuvieri — SAVAGE 1952
Oplurus cuvieri — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 260
Oplurus cuvieri — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 115
Oplurus cuvieri — SCHLÜTER 2013
Oplurus cuvieri — SCHLÜTER 2013
Oplurus cf. cuvieri — RAKOTOARISON et al. 2015

Oplurus cuvieri cuvieri (GRAY 1831)
Tropidurus cuvieri GRAY 1831: 41 (nomen substitutum for Oplurus torquatus)
Hoplurus sebae [sebae] — ANGEL 1942
Oplurus cuvieri cuvieri — SAVAGE 1952
Oplurus cuvieri cuvieri — SCHLÜTER 2013

Oplurus cuvieri comorensis ANGEL 1942
[Hoplurus sebae] var. comorensis ANGEL 1942: 84
O.[plurus] cuvieri comorensis — SAVAGE 1952
Oplurus cuvieri comorensis — SCHLÜTER 2013 
DistributionNW Madagascar

comorensis: Grand Comoro (Comore) Island

Type locality: unknown fide BLANC 1977  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 1433
Syntypes: MNHN-RA 1908.0034 and MNHN-RA 1922.0298-0299 [comorensis] 
CommentSynonymy: fide BLANC 1977 and SCHLÜTER 2013.

Type species: Oplurus torquatus CUVIER 1829: 48 is the type species of the genus Oplurus CUVIER 1829. The subsequent designation by Fitzinger 1843: 17, as Oplurus sebae Duméril and Bibron, 1837, is invalid (fide FROST, Opluridae, unpublished). 
EtymologyNamed after Georges Leopold Chretien Frederic Dagobert Baron Cuvier (1769-1832), better known by his pen name Georges Cuvier. 
  • Altmanová, Marie; Michail Rovatsos, Lukáš Kratochvíl, andMartina Johnson Pokorná 2016. Minute Y chromosomes and karyotype evolution in Madagascan iguanas (Squamata: Iguania: Opluridae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12751 - get paper here
  • Altmanová, Marie; Michail Rovatsos, Lukáš Kratochvíl, andMartina Johnson Pokorná, 2016. Minute Y chromosomes and karyotype evolution in Madagascan iguanas (Squamata: Iguania: Opluridae) Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 118: 618–633; DOI: 10.1111/bij.12751 - get paper here
  • Andersson, Lars Gabriel 1910. Reptiles and batrachians from the north-west of Madagascar collected by V. Kaudern, 1906-1907. Arkiv för Zoologi 7 (7): 1-15.
  • Angel, F. 1942. Les Lézards de Madagascar. Mem. Acad. Malagache, Tananarive XXXVI: 193 pp.
  • Barbour, Thomas 1918. Vertebrata from Madagascar. 2. Amphibia and Reptilia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 61 (14): 479-489. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Blanc, C. P. 1977. Reptiles sauriens Iguanidae. Faune de Madagascar 45: 1-195
  • Borer, M. 2019. Auf Schlangensuche in Madagaskar. Reptilia (Münster) 24 (138): 66-79 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • CHAN, L. M., CHOI, D., RASELIMANANA, A. P., RAKOTONDRAVONY, H. A. and YODER, A. D. 2012. Defining spatial and temporal patterns of phylogeographic structure in Madagascar’s iguanid lizards (genus Oplurus). Molecular Ecology, 21: 3839–3851. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05651.x - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Cuvier, G. J. L. N. F. D. 1829. Le Regne Animal Distribué, d'apres son Organisation, pur servir de base à l'Histoire naturelle des Animaux et d'introduction à l'Anatomie Comparé. Nouvelle Edition [second edition]. Vol. 2. Les Reptiles. Déterville, Paris, i-xvi, 1-406 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Grubenmann, M. 2006. Madagaskar-Leguane - Teil 2. Iguana Rundschreiben 19 (2): 5-10
  • Hawlitschek, Oliver; Boris Brückmann, Johannes Berger, Katie Green, Frank Glaw 2011. Integrating field surveys and remote sensing data to study distribution, habitat use and conservation status of the herpetofauna of the Comoro Islands. ZooKeys 144: 21-79 - get paper here
  • Hilgartner, R. Raoilison, M. 2005. Freilandbeobachtungen am Madagaskar-Leguan Oplurus cuvieri GRAY, 1831. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (53): 64-69 - get paper here
  • Ito, Ryo & Akira Mori 2012. The Madagascan spiny-tailed iguana alters the sequence of anti-predator responses depending on predator types. African Journal of Herpetology 61 (1): 58-68 - get paper here
  • Ito, Ryo. 2013. Oplurus cuvieri cuvieri (Madagascan spiny-tailed iguana) prey. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 678 - get paper here
  • Itoh, Makoto Mac and Ryo Ito. 2015. Oplurus cuvieri cuvieri (Madagascan spiny-tailed iguana) diet. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 632-633 - get paper here
  • Kawai, Ushio. 2016. Oplurus cuvieri (Madagascan Spiny-tailed Iguana) Diet. Herpetological Review 47 (2): 300-301 - get paper here
  • Meier, H. 1981. Zur Ökologie, Ethologie und Taxonomie einiger Arten der Gattung Oplurus auf Madagascar. Salamandra 17 (1-2): 43-54 - get paper here
  • Meier,H. 1982. Leguane aus Madagaskar. Herpetofauna 4 (17): 22-27 [erratum in 4 (18): 33] - get paper here
  • Münchenberg, Tobias, Katharina C. Wollenberg, Frank Glaw and Miguel Vences. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and geographic variation of Malagasy iguanas (Oplurus and Chalarodon). Amphibia- Reptilia 29(3):319-327
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1854. Diagnosen neuer Batrachier, welche zusammen mit der früher (24. Juli und 17. August) gegebenen Übersicht der Schlangen und Eidechsen mitgetheilt werden. Ber. Bekanntmach. Geeignet. Verhandl. Königl.-Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1854: 614-628
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Rakotoarison, Andolalao; Jesse Erens, Fanomezana M. Ratsoavina, Miguel Vences 2015. Amphibian and reptile records from around the Betsiboka delta area in North-Western Madagascar Herpetology Notes 8: 535-543 - get paper here
  • Randriamahazo, H. J. A. R. 2000. Sexual size dimorphism in the lizard Oplurus cuvieri cuvieri (Squamata, Opluridae) from Madagascar. African Zoology 35 (2): 287-293 - get paper here
  • Randriamahazo, Herilala J.A.R.; and Mori, Akira 2005. Factors affecting the intra-populational variation in dorsal color pattern of an iguanian lizard, Oplurus cuvieri cuvieri. Current Herpetology 24 (1):19-26. - get paper here
  • Rosa, Gonçalo M. and Sylviane Rakotozafy. 2013. Opportunistic but voracious: Madagascan spiny-tailed iguana, Oplurus cuvieri (Reptilia: Opluridae) predation upon a small mammal. Herpetology Notes 6: 459-461. - get paper here
  • Savage, J. M. 1952. The correct generic names for the iguanid lizards of Madagascar and the Fidji islands. Copeia 1952 (3): 182 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, Uwe 2013. Madagaskarleguane - Lebensweise, Pflege und Fortpflanzung. KUS-Verlag, 88 pp. - get paper here
  • Schönecker, Patrick 2014. Gestaltung von Terrarien. Draco 16 (56): 6-29 - get paper here
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
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