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Orientocoluber spinalis (PETERS, 1866)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSlender Racer 
SynonymMasticophis spinalis PETERS 1866: 91
Zamenis bocourti JAN 1866: 6
Zamenis cataphoranotus JAN 1867
Zamenis spinalis — GÜNTHER 1872: 22
Coluber spinalis — GARMAN 1884: 45
Zamenis spinalis — BOULENGER 1893: 394
Zamenis spinalis — STEJNEGER 1907: 349
Coluber spinalis — SLEVIN 1925
Coluber spinalis —SCHÄTTI & WILSON 1986
Hierophis spinalis — SCHÄTTI 1988
Hierophis spinalis — NAGY et al. 2004
Coluber spinalis — ZHAO 2006
Hierophis spinalis — NAGY 2010 (pers. comm.)
Orientocoluber spinalis — KHARIN 2011
Coluber spinalis — SEUNG HOON 2012
Orientocoluber spinalis — WALLACH et al. 2014 
DistributionE Kazakhstan, Russia, Mongolia,
N China (Xinjiang in the west to Heiongjiang in the east, northward to Jiangsu; Shantung, Honan, Gansu, Suiyuan, Shansi, Hopei, Jehol, Anhui),
North Korea, South Korea

Type locality: China ?; corrected to “eastern Asia (Stajneger 1907: 351), see comment.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 5367 
CommentTerra typica: “Mexico” (in error; see Zhao & Adler 1993). In the ZMB catalogue the locality “Mexico” is crossed out and overwritten by the word “China” in Peter’s hand (fide BAUER et al. 1995).

Phylogenetics: NAGY et al. (2004) present some genetic evidence that H. spinalis may be associated with Eirenis, thus becoming a member of this genus.

Synonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907.

Type species: Masticophis spinalis PETERS 1866 is the type species of the genus Orientocoluber KHARIN 2011. 
References
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Garman,Samuel 1884. The reptiles and batrachians of North America. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool, Cambridge (Massachusetts), 8 (3): xxxiv + 185 pp. [1883] [CNAH reprint 10] - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1872. Seventh account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 9: 13-37 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1866. In: In F. Bocourt, Notes sur les reptiles, les batraciens et les poisons recueilis pendant un voyage dans le Royaume de Siam. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris 2 (4):4–20 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1867. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 23. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Kharin V E 2011. Annotated catalogue of amphibians and reptiles (Amphibia, Reptilia) of the Far-Eastern Marine Biosphere FEB RAS [in Russian]. Biodiversity and Environment of Far East Reserves, Vladivostok, DVMBGPZ DVO RAN 2011 (1): 30-48
  • Kharin VE & Akulenko, MV 2008. Rare and little-known snakes of North-Eastern Eurasia. 1. A new record of Hierophis spinalis (Colubridae) from Russian Far East [in Russian]. Current Studies in Herpetology 8 (2): 160-169 [СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ГЕРПЕТОЛОГИЯ] - get paper here
  • Kharin, V. E. 2011. Rare and little-known snakes of the North-Eastern Eurasia. 3. On the taxonomic status of the slender racer Hierophis spinalis (Serpentes: Colubridae). Current Studies in Herpetology 11 (3/4): 173 – 179 (СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ГЕРПЕТОЛОГИЯ) - get paper here
  • Macey, J. Robert;Papenfuss, Theodore J.;Zhao, Ermi 1988. The snakes of Ningxia Hui autonomous region as an indication of a herpetofaunal corridor. Chinese Herpetological Research 2 (1): 4-5
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Nagy, Z.T., J.F. Schmidtler, U. Joger & M. Wink 2003. Systematik der Zwergnattern (Reptilia: Colubridae: Eirenis) und verwandter Gruppen anhand von DNA-Sequenzen und morphologischen Daten Salamandra 39 (3-4): 149-168 - get paper here
  • Nagy, Z.T.; R. Lawson, U. Joger, M. Wink 2004. Molecular systematics of racers, whipsnakes and relatives (Reptilia: Colubridae) using mitochondrial and nuclear markers. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 42 (3): 223-233 - get paper here
  • Peters. WILHELM C. H. 1866. Mittheilung über neue Amphibien (Amphibolurus, Lygosoma, Cyclodus, Masticophis, Crotaphopeltis) und Fische (Diagramma, Hapalogenys) des Kgl. Zoologischen Museums. Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wissensch. Berlin, 1866: 86-96. - get paper here
  • Schätti B; Wilson L D 1986. Coluber Linnaeus. Holarctic racers. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 399: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Schätti, B. 1988. Systematik und Evolution der Schlangengattung Hierophis Fitzinger, 1843. PhD Diss. Univ. Zürich 1988
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Shannon, F.A. 1956. The reptiles and amphibians of Korea. Herpetologica 12 (1): 22-49 - get paper here
  • Slevin, JOSEPH R. 1925. Contributions to Oriental herpetology. II. Korea or Chosen. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 14 (5): 89-100. - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • XU Xuefeng, HUANG Jian, ZHANG Long, ZHANG Meng 2000. Coluber spinalis, a record new to Anhui Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 19 (3) - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
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