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Oxyrhopus clathratus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesDuméril's False Coral Snake 
SynonymOxyrhopus clathratus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1026
Oxyrhopus clathratus — BOULENGER 1886: 437
Oxyrhopus doliatus var. viperina WERNER 1903: 250
Clelia clathrata pulcherrima MÜLLER 1923: 153
Pseudoboa formosa clathrata — AMARAL 1930
Cloelia clathrata — PRADO 1945
Oxyrhopus clathratus - PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 231
Oxyrhopus clathratus - CEI 1993
Oxyrhopus clathratus — GIRAUDO & SCROCCHI 2002
Oxyrhopus clathratus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 517 
DistributionSE Brazil (from S Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul and Misiones; Bahia [HR 32: 61], Espírito Santo, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, São Paulo),
Argentina (Misiones)

Type locality: Brazil.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: MNHN 3791, designated by Bernardo et al. 2012.
Holotype: ZSM 631/1920, male [Clelia clathrata pulcherrima] 
CommentSynonymy after CEI 1993 and BERNARDO et al. 2012.

O. clathratus is a single species that exhibits considerable variation in morphology, including three distinct patterns of coloration (melanistic, melanistic with inconspicuous narrow light bands, and with conspicuous dark and light bands alternating along the body) that overlap geographically. The morphology of the ornamented hemipenes varies between “T-shape” and “Y-shape” forms, which occur without any meaningful or elevational structuring. The loreals are usually absent. 
References
  • Bernardo, Pedro Henrique; Fabio A. MacHado, Robert W. Murphy, and Hussam Zaher 2012. Redescription and Morphological Variation of Oxyrhopus clathratus Duméril, Bibron and Duméril, 1854 (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Xenodontinae). South American J. Herp. 7 (2): 134-148. - get paper here
  • Bérnils, R.S.; Batista, M.A. & Bertelli, P.W. 2001. Cobras e lagartos do Vale: levantamento das espécies de Squamata (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) da Bacia do Rio Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Rev. Est. Ambientais (Blumenau) 3 (1): 69-79
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Cruz Centeno, Fernanda da; Ricardo Jannini Sawaya & Otavio Augusto Vuolo Marques 2008. Snake assemblage of Ilha de São Sebastião, southeastern Brazil: comparison to mainland. Biota Neotrop. 8(3): 63-68 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Giraudo, A. R., and G. J. Scrocchi 2002. Argentinian Snakes: An Annotated Checklist. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (132): 1-53 - get paper here
  • Giraudo,A.R. 1999. New records of snakes from Argentina. Herpetological Review 30 (3): 179-181 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Müller, L. 1923. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Batrachier der Zoologischen Sammlung des bayrischen Staates. Zool. Anz. 57 (7/8): 145-156 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Souza Filho, Gilberto Alves de; Fernanda Stender de Oliveira 2015. Squamate reptiles from Mauá Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Paraná, southern Brazil. Check List 11 (6): 1800 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1903. Neue Reptilien und Batrachier aus dem naturhistorischen Museum in Brüssel. Zool. Anz. 26: 246-253 - get paper here
 
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