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Oxyrhopus rhombifer DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesOxyrhopus rhombifer inaequifasciatus WERNER 1909
Oxyrhopus rhombifer rhombifer DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854
Oxyrhopus rhombifer bachmanni (WEYENBERG 1876) 
Common NamesAmazon False Coral Snake 
SynonymOxyrhopus rhombifer rhombifer DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1018
Oxyrhopus rhombifer DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854
Oxyrhopus sub-punctatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1017
Oxyrhopus D’orbignyi DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1024
Oxyrhopus rhombifer - BOULENGER 1896 (part.)
Oxyrhopus rhombifer rhombifer - WERNER 1909
Oxyrhopus rhombifer septentrionalis VELLARD 1943
Oxyrhopus rhombifer rhombifer - CEI 1993
Oxyrhopus rhombifer — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 26
Oxyrhopus rhombifer — WALLACH et al. 2014: 520

Oxyrhopus rhombifer bachmanni (WEYENBERG 1876)
Coronella bachmanni WEYENBERG 1876
Oxyrhopus rhombifer - BOULENGER 1896 (part.)
Pseudoboa rhombifer SERIÉ 1921 (part.)
Leptodira weiseri MÜLLER 1923
Pseudoboa rhombifera SERIÉ 1936 (part.)
Oxyrhopus rhombifer bachmanni - PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970
Oxyrhopus rhombifer bachmanni - CEI 1993
Oxyrhopus rhombifer bachmanni — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 26

Oxyrhopus rhombifer inaequifasciatus WERNER 1909
Oxyrhopus rhombifer var. inaequifasciata WERNER 1909: 230
Pseudoboa rhombifera SERIÉ 1936 (part.)
Pseudoboa ornata HOGE & MERTENS 1955
Oxyrhopus rhombifer inaequifasciatus - PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970
Oxyrhopus rhombifer inaequifasciatus - CEI 1993
Oxyrhopus rhombifer inaequifasciatus — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 26 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas, Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Bahia [HR 31: 57], Rio de Janeiro), Peru ?,
Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina (Mendoza, La Pampa, San Juan, San Luis, Córdoba, La Rioja, Catamarca, Tucumán, Santiago del Estero, Jujuy, Salta, Formosa, Chaco, Santa Fe, Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Corrientes, Rio Negro [HR 30: 114], Chubut)

bachmanni: Argentina (Catamarca, Córdoba, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Rio Negro, San Juan, San Luis, Santiago
del Estero and Tucumán; Chaqueña, Monte and Espinal
provinces and transitional areas between Espinal and Pampeana (Pampeano Austral district) provinces); Type locality: Córdoba, Argentina.

inaequifasciatus: Argentina (Chaco, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta and Santa Fe (Giraudo & Quaini, 1997). Chaqueña province); Type locality: Estancia Postillon, Puerto Max in Paraguay River, Paraguay.

Type locality: Corrientes, Argentina.

weiseri: Type locality: “Caspinchango, Valle Cachaqué (Prov. Catamarca), Argentinien” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 1705, a 712 mm specimen (A. d'Orbigny).
Holotype: ZMH R04371(formerly no. 3603), male; 3 paratypes ZMH R04372, adult , R04373, subadult, R04374, juvenile (formerly no. 3603); W Conception, Paraguay, leg. H. WEHNER, vend. Dez. 1, 1900: 1 paratype ZMH R04422, female (formerly no. 3620). In the same jar as the holotype were 3 specimens from which no measurements or numers are listed in WERNER (1909: 231) he wrote: “ein Junges ohne dunkle Punkte auf den hellen Zwischenräumen zwischen den Querbinden”. But all specimens of this jar may be examined by WERNER and are paratypes. ZMH R04422 meets the measurements of the female in WERNER’s description (from Hallermann 1998) [inaequifasciata]
Holotype: ZSM 4/1922, male [weiseri] 
CommentSynonymy partly after CEI 1993.

Diet: mainly lizards. 
References
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