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Oxyrhopus trigeminus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBrazilian False Coral Snake 
SynonymOxyrhopus trigeminus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1013
Oxyrhopus trigeminus — THOMPSON 1913: 79
Pseudoboa trigemina — AMARAL 1933: 79
Oxyrhopus trigeminus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 235
Pseudoboa trigemina — JAUCH 1979
Oxyrhopus trigeminus — LANCINI & KORNACKER 1989
Oxyrhopus trigeminus — KORNACKER 1999: 121
Oxyrhopus trigeminus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 520 
DistributionBrazil (Goias, Rio de Janeiro, Bahia, S Ceará, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte etc.), Marajo I, Bolivia, Peru

Type locality: Distrito Federal, Brazil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntype: MCZ R-2103 
CommentDistribution: not in Venezuela; The species was recorded from Venezuela (Lancini 1979), but Zaher and Caramaschi (1992) re-identified the original photographs published by Lancini as O. aff. melanogenys [RIVAS et al. 2012]. Donnelly et al. (2005) reported a specimen of Oxyrhopus trigeminus from Iwokrama in central Guyana, but the specimen was re-identified as O. melanogenys by MacCulloch and Lathrop (MacCulloch et al. 2009). Not in Bolivia; specimens from Bolivia are actually O. guibei. Not in Paraguay (fide Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014).

Subspecies: Oxyrhopus trigeminus guibei has been elevated to full species status. 
References
  • Alencar, Laura R. V.; Conrado A. B. Galdino, and Luciana B. Nascimento 2012. Life History Aspects of Oxyrhopus trigeminus (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) from Two Sites in Southeastern Brazil. Journal of Herpetology 46 (1): 9-13. - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1933. Notas sobre chromatismo de ophidios I. Primeiro caso de erythrismo em serpente) observado no Brasil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7 [1932]: 77-79 - get paper here
  • Cavalcanti, L.B.Q.; T.B. Costa; G.R. Colli; G.C. Costa; F.G.R. França; D.O. Mesquita; C.K.S. Palmeira; N. Pelegrin; A.H.B. Soares; D.B. Tucker; A.A. Garda 2014. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga II: Serra da Capivara National Park, Piauí, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Daniel O. Mesquita, Cristiano C. Nogueira, and <br />Alexandre F. B. Araújo 2008. Phylogeny and Ecology Determine Morphological Structure in a Snake Assemblage in the Central Brazilian Cerrado. Copeia 2008 (1): 23-38 - get paper here
  • Freiberg, M.A. 1982. Snakes of South America. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 189 pp.
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Frota, J.G. da; Pedroso dos Santos-Jr, Alfredo; Menezes-Chalkidis, H. de & Guimarães Guedes, A. 2005. AS SERPENTES DA REGIÃO DO BAIXO RIO AMAZONAS, OESTE DO ESTADO DO PARÁ, BRASIL (SQUAMATA). Biociências 13 (2): 211-220
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, Breno 2012. Zerstören für den Aufschwung: Ist es das wirklich wert? Fallstudie aus Brasilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (1): 46-49
  • Hoogmoed, M.S. 1982. Snakes of the Guianan Region. Mem. Inst. Butantan 46: 219-254. - get paper here
  • Jauch, H. 1979. Brasilianische Schlangen im Terrarium. Herpetofauna 1 (1): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Junge, M. 2007. Serpentário Sanmaru [Sao Paulo, Brasilien]. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (65): 92-94 - get paper here
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Lambertz, M. 2010. Kommentierte Liste der squamaten Reptilien des Sanddünengebietes am mittleren Rio São Francisco (Bahia, Brasilien) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung endemischer Faunenelemente. Ophidia 4 (2): 2-17 - get paper here
  • Lancini,A.R. & Kornacker,P.M. 1989. Die Schlangen von Venezuela. Armitano Editores C.A., Caracas, 1-381
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Linares, Antônio Meira and Paula Cabral Eterovick 2013. Herpetofaunal Surveys Support Successful Reconciliation Ecology in Secondary and Human-Modified Habitats at the Inhotim Institute, Southeastern Brazil. Herpetologica 69 (2): 237-256. - get paper here
  • Marques, R., M.S. Tinôco, D. Couto- Ferreira, C.P. Fazolato, H.C. Browne-Ribeiro, M.L.O. Travassos, M.A. Dias & J.V.L. Mota 2011. Reserva Imbassaí Restinga: inventory of snakes on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (11): 2184–2191 - get paper here
  • Medeiros-Magalhães, Felipe de; Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Taís Borges Costa, Flora Acuña Juncá, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, David Lucas Röhr, Willianilson Pessoa da Silva, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Adrian Antonio Garda 2015. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga IV: Chapada Diamantina National Park, Bahia, Brazil Herpetology Notes 8: 243-261 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Santos Caldas, Francis Luiz; Taís Borges Costa, Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, Adrian Antonio Garda 2016. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga V: Seridó Ecological Station (Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil) Check List 12 (4): DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15560/12.4.1929 - get paper here
  • Santos, D.L.; S.P. Andrade; E.P. Victor-Jr.; W. Vaz-Silva 2014. Amphibians and reptiles from southeastern Goiás, Central Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 131-148 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. E, & INGER, R. F. 1951. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hopkins-Branner expedition to Brazil. Fieldiana: Zoology 31: 439-465 - get paper here
  • Silva, Marcélia Basto da; Wáldima Alves da Rocha, Janete Diane Nogueira-Paranhos 2016. CHECKLIST OF REPTILES FROM AN AREA OF CERRADO-CAATINGA ECOTONE, EAST MARANHÃO, BRAZIL. Herpetology Notes 9: 7-14 - get paper here
  • Thompson,J.C. 1913. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 1913: 79 - get paper here
  • Vaz-Silva, W. et al. 2007. Herpetofauna, Espora Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Goiás, Brazil. Check List 3 (4): 338-345 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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