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Oxyrhopus trigeminus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBrazilian False Coral Snake 
SynonymOxyrhopus trigeminus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1013
Oxyrhopus trigeminus — THOMPSON 1913: 79
Pseudoboa trigemina — AMARAL 1933: 79
Oxyrhopus trigeminus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 235
Pseudoboa trigemina — JAUCH 1979
Oxyrhopus trigeminus — LANCINI & KORNACKER 1989
Oxyrhopus trigeminus — KORNACKER 1999: 121
Oxyrhopus trigeminus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 520 
DistributionBrazil (Goias, Rio de Janeiro, Bahia, S Ceará, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco etc.), Marajo I, Bolivia, Peru

Type locality: Distrito Federal, Brazil.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntype: MCZ R-2103 
CommentDistribution: not in Venezuela; The species was recorded from Venezuela (Lancini 1979), but Zaher and Caramaschi (1992) re-identified the original photographs published by Lancini as O. aff. melanogenys [RIVAS et al. 2012]. Donnelly et al. (2005) reported a specimen of Oxyrhopus trigeminus from Iwokrama in central Guyana, but the specimen was re-identified as O. melanogenys by MacCulloch and Lathrop (MacCulloch et al. 2009). Not in Bolivia; specimens from Bolivia are actually O. guibei. Not in Paraguay (fide Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014).

Subspecies: Oxyrhopus trigeminus guibei has been elevated to full species status. 
References
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  • Amaral,A. do 1933. Notas sobre chromatismo de ophidios I. Primeiro caso de erythrismo em serpente) observado no Brasil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7 [1932]: 77-79 - get paper here
  • Barbosa, Vanessa do Nascimento; Amaral, Jéssica Monique da Silva; Alcantara, Edivania do Nascimento Pereira; dos Santos, Ednilza Maranhão 2018. Herpetofauna de uma área de caatinga em Taquaritinga do Norte, agreste de Pernambuco, Brasil. Cuad. herpetol. 32 (2): 109-115 - get paper here
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  • Cunha, O.R. da and Nascimento, F.P. 1983. Ofidios da Amazonia. XIX. As expécies de Oxyrhopus Wagler, com uma subespécie nova, e Pseudoboa Schneider, na Amaônia orientale e Maranhão (Ophidia: Colubridae). Bol. Mus. Paraense Emilio Goeldi, zool. 112: 42 pp.
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