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Oxyuranus microlepidotus (MCCOY, 1879)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Fierce Snake, Inland Taipan
G: Schreckensotter, Kleinschuppenschlange, Australischer Inlandtaipan 
SynonymDiemenia microlepidota MCCOY 1879
Diemenia ferox MACLEAY 1882: 812
Pseudechis ferox — BOULENGER 1896
Pseudechis microlepidotus — BOULENGER 1896
Parademansia microlepidota — KINGHORN 1955
Oxyuranus microlepidotus — COVACEVICH et al. 1981
Oxyuranus scutellatus microlepidotus
Oxyuranus microlepidotus — WELCH 1994: 97
Oxyuranus microlepidotus — COGGER 2000: 662
Oxyuranus microlepidotus — MATTISON 2007: 260
Oxyuranus microlepidotus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 521 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria)

Type locality: "junction of Murray and Darling," [Rivers, northwestern Victoria, Australia]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesLectotype, NMV D12354 (orig. 493 and R 12871) (W. Blandowski), designated by Coventry, 1970: 121. 
CommentMaybe the most venomous snake of the world. The toxin from one bite may be sufficient to kill 250,000 mice (PREISSLER 2004). 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Covacevich J & Wombey, J 1976. Recognition of Parademansia microlepidotus (McCoy), Elapidae, a dangerous Australian snake. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 87:29-32
  • Covacevich, J., McDowell, S.B., Tanner, C. & Mengdon, G. 1980. The relationship of the taipan (Oxyuranus scutellatus) and the small-scaled snake (O. microlepidotus), Serpentes: Elapidae. Proc. Aust. Herp. Symposium (Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens, Parkville): 160-168.
  • Kinghorn, J.R. 1955. Herpetological notes. No. 5. Rec. Austral. Mus. 23: 283-286 - get paper here
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • Macleay, W. 1882. Description of two new species of snakes. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, Sydney, 6: 811-813 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • McCoy, F. 1879. Diemenia superciliosa (Fischer) The common brown snake; Diemenia microlepidota (McCoy) Small-scaled brown snake, Diemenia aspidorhyncha (McCoy) The shield-fronted brown snake. [...] Prod. Zool. Vict. 3: 11-13. - get paper here
  • Preißler, D. 2004. Alles über Schlangen. Draco 5 (17): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Read J L. 1994. A major range extension and new ecological data on Oxyuranus microlepidotus (Reptilia: Elapidae). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 118 (1-2): 143-145 - get paper here
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Strimple, Peter D.;Covacevich, Jeanette 1997. The Taipans of Australia & New Guinea. Reptiles 5 (12): 32-45
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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