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Panaspis africanus (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGuinea Lidless Skink 
SynonymMocoa africana GRAY 1845: 85
Lygosoma africanum — BOULENGER 1887: 265
Lygosoma africanum — STERNFELD 1917
Riopa (Panaspis) africanum — SMITH 1937: 229
Leiolopisma africana MITTLEMAN 1952
Panaspis africana - PERRET 1973
Panaspis africana — GREER 1974: 29
Leptosiaphos africana
Afroablepharus africanus — SCHMITZ et al. 2005
Panaspis africanus — MEDINA et al. 2016 
DistributionPrincipe, Rolas, Sao Tome (Gulf of Guinea, W Africa)

Type locality: “Afrique occidentale”; restricted to “Príncipe” by JESUS et al. 2007.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: BMNH XV.32.a; 1946.8.18.85 
CommentSynonymy mainly after PERRET 1973 and FUHN 1972. 
EtymologyNamed after its African origin. 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Haft J. 1993. Ein Beitrag zur Biologie der Echsen der Insel Sao Tome (Golf von Guinea), mit näherer Betrachtung zur Systematik von Leptosiaphos africana (Gray) (Reptilia: Sauria: Geckonidae et Scincidae). FAUNISTISCHE ABHANDLUNGEN (DRESDEN) 19 (1-16): 59-70.
  • Jesus, José; D. James Harris and António Brehm 2007. Relationships of Afroablepharus Greer, 1974 skinks from the Gulf of Guinea islands based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA: Patterns of colonization and comments on taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45 (3): 904-914 - get paper here
  • Medina, Maria F.; Aaron M. Bauer, William R. Branch, Andreas Schmitz, Werner Conradie, Zoltan T. Nagy, Toby J. Hibbitts, Raffael Ernst, Daniel M. Portik, Stuart V. Nielsen, Timothy J. Colston, Chifundera Kusamba, Mathias Behangana, Mark-Oliver Rödel, 2016. Molecular phylogeny of Panaspis and Afroablepharus skinks (Squamata: Scincidae) in the savannas of sub-Saharan Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 100: 409–423, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.04.026 - get paper here
  • Perret J L 1973. Contribution à l'étude des Panaspis (Reptilia, Scincidae) d'Afrique occidentale avec la description de deux espèces nouvelles. Rev. suisse Zool . 80 (2): 595-630 - get paper here
  • Pollo, César J. 2017. Guide of Amphibians and Reptiles of São Tomé and Príncipe Smashwords / César J. Pollo, 156 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Sternfeld,R. 1917. Reptilia und Amphibia. In: Schubotz, H. (Hrsg.): Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Zweiten Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition, 1910-1911 unter Führung Adolph Friedrichs, Herzog zu Mecklenburg. Leipzig: Klinkhardt & Biermann, [Band] 1, Zoologie, Lieferung 11; S. 407-510. - get paper here
 
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