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Pangshura tecta (GRAY, 1831)

IUCN Red List - Pangshura tecta - , LR

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Indian Roofed Turtle
G: Indische Dachschildkröte 
SynonymEmys tecta GRAY 1831
Testudo dura HAMILTON 1831 (nomen nudum)
Testudo katuya HAMILTON 1831 (nomen nudum)
Testudo khagraskata HAMILTON 1831 (nomen nudum)
Testudo pangshure HAMILTON 1831 (nomen nudum)
Emys trigibbosa LESSON 1831
Emys Tecta — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 321
Pangshura dura — GRAY 1869
Pangshura ventricosa GRAY 1870
Pangshura tecta — GRAY 1873: 166
Kachuga tectum — BOULENGER 1889
Kachuga tecta tecta — MERTENS 1934
Kachuga tecta — DAS 1996: 38
Pangshura tecta — SPINKS et al. 2004
Batagur tecta — LE et al. 2007
Kachuga tecta — BAIG et al. 2008
Pangshura tecta — DAS et al. 2008
Kachuga tecta — MURTHY 2010: 23
Pangshura tecta — RHODIN et al. 2010
Pangshura tectum — LENZ 2012
Pangshura tectum — KÄSTLE et al. 2013 
DistributionPakistan, India (Ganges, Brahmaputra, Indus drainages, Assam, Madhya Pradesh), Bangladesh, Nepal

Type locality: "India".  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: unknown (fide KING & BURKE 1989) 
Diagnosis 
CommentSubspecies: The subspecies Kachuga tecta circumdata MERTENS 1969 has been relegated to K. tentoria.

Distribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012 and references therein).

Type species: Emys tecta GRAY 1831 is the type species of the genus Pangshura GRAY 1869: 204.

Habitat: freshwater (Rivers, swamps) 
Etymology 
References
  • Baig, KJ, Masroor, R., and Arshad, M. 2008. Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 15 (3): 193-205 - get paper here
  • Basumatary, Rajeev and D.K. Sharma 2013. The turtle fauna of Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India with notes on natural history and conservation status. Herpetology Notes 6: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Das, I. et al. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Edds, David 1998. Geographic Distribution. Kachuga tecta. Herpetological Review 29 (2): 109 - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. Synopsis Reptilium or short descriptions of the species of reptiles. Part I: Cataphracta, tortoises, crocodiles, and enaliosaurians. Treuttel, Wurz & Co., London, 85 pp.
  • Gray, J.E. 1869. Notes on the families and genera of tortoises (Testudinata), and on the characters afforded by the study of their skulls. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1869: 165-225. - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1873. On the original form, development, and cohesion of the bones of the sternum of chelonians; with notes on the skeleton of Sphargis. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 11: 161-172 - get paper here
  • Hsieh, Hsing-Mei; Li-Hung Huang; Li-Chin Tsai; Chia-Ling Liu; Yi-Chen Kuo; Chung-Ting Hsiao; Adrian Linacre and James Chun-I Lee 2006. Species Identification of Kachuga tecta using the Cytochrome b Gene. J Forensic Sci. 51 (1): 52-56
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2006. Amphibians and reptiles of Pakistan. Krieger, Malabar, 311 pp. - get paper here
  • Kuchling, Gerald 1995. Turtles at a market in western Yunnan: Possible range extensions for some southern Asiatic chelonians in China and Myanmar. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 1 (3): 223-226
  • Le, Minh; William P. McCord and John B. Iverson 2007. On the paraphyly of the genus Kachuga (Testudines: Geoemydidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 398-404 - get paper here
  • Lee, J. C.I.; Tsai, L.C.; Liao, S.P.; Linacre, A. & Hsieh, H.M. 2009. Species identification using the cytochrome b gene of commercial turtle shells. Forensic Science International: Genetics 3: 67–73
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Manhas, Amit; Rajni Raina, and Ashwani Wanganeo 2018. Reptilian diversity of the Bhopal Region in the State of Madhya Pradesh in central India. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 25 (2): 104–114 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1969. Eine neue Rasse der Dachschildkröte, Kachuga tecta. Senckenbergiana Biologica 50 (1/2): 23-30.
  • Purkayastha, J. 2018. Urban biodiversity: an insight into the terrestrial vertebrate diversity of Guwahati, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(10): 12299–12316; - get paper here
  • Purkayastha, Jayaditya; Ahmed Mahmadul Hassan, Hasanul Islam, Jessica Das, Manoj Sarma, Mituseela Basumatary, Nilakshi Sarma, Nishant Chatterjee, Sachin Singha, Vishnupriya Nair, Arundhati Purkayastha, Jayashree Dutta, Madhurima Das 2013. Turtles of the Temple Pond of Kamakhya, Assam, India. Reptile Rap (15): 11-15 - get paper here
  • Rais, M; J Rehman, S Baloch, SM Ali, I Hussain 2014. On the herpetofauna in Loi Bher Wildlife Park, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Taprobanica 6 (1): 56-58 - get paper here
  • Rais, Muhammad; Ayesha Akram, Syeda Maria Ali, Muhammad Arslan Asadi, Misbah Jahangir, Muhammad Jawad Jilani, <br />and Maqsood Anwar 2015. Qualitative Analysis of Factors Influencing the Diversity and Spatial Distribution of Herpetofauna in Chakwal Tehsil (Chakwal District), Punjab, Pakistan. Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3) - get paper here
  • Spinks, Phillip Q.; Shaffer, H. Bradley; Iverson, John B; McCord, William P. 2004. Phylogenetic hypotheses for the turtle family Geoemydidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32(1):164-182 - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. & Mitchell, J.C. 1995. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Asiatic Herpetological Research 6: 172-180 - get paper here
 
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