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Parahydrophis mertoni (ROUX, 1910)

IUCN Red List - Parahydrophis mertoni - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Arafura smooth or northern mangrove seasnake 
SynonymDistira mertoni ROUX 1910: 222
Parahydrophis mertoni — BURGER & NATSUNO 1974
Parahydrophis mertoni — COGGER 1983: 254
Hydrophis mertoni — DE ROOIJ 1917: 233
Parahydrophis mertoni — WELCH 1994: 97
Parahydrophis mertoni — COGGER 2000: 721
Parahydrophis mertoni — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Parahydrophis mertoni — WALLACH et al. 2014: 532 
DistributionPapua New Guinea (Arafura Sea)
Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland)

Type locality: Sungei Waskei (also as Sungi Waskai), Wokam, Aru Is., Indonesia.  
TypesHolotype: NMBA 6246 (= NHMB) 

Habitat: marine.

Type species: Distira mertoni ROUX 1910: 222 is the type species of the genus Parahydrophis  BURGER & NATSUNO 1974. 
Etymologynamed after Hugo Merton, doctor in Frankfurt. 
  • Burger W. L. and Natsuno, T. 1974. A new genus for the Arafura Smooth Seasnake and redefinitions of other seasnake genera. The Snake 6: 61-75.
  • Cogger, H. G. 1975. The sea snakes of Australia and New Guinea. pp. 59-139 in Dunson, W. (ed. ) The Biology of Sea Snakes. Baltimore: University Park Press
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S. - get paper here
  • McDowell, S. B. 1969. Notes on the Australian sea-snake Ephalophis greyi M. Smith (Serpentes: Elapidae: Hydrophiinae) and the origin and classification of sea-snakes. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 48: 333-349 - get paper here
  • O'Shea,M. 1996. A Guide to the Snakes of Papua New Guinea. Independent Publishing, Port Moresby, xii + 239 pp. - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • RASMUSSEN, ARNE REDSTED; KATE LAURA SANDERS, MICHAEL L. GUINEA & ANDREW P. AMEY 2014. Sea snakes in Australian waters (Serpentes: subfamilies Hydrophiinae and Laticaudinae)—a review with an updated identification key. Zootaxa 3869 (4): 351–371 - get paper here
  • Roux,J. 1910. Reptilien und Amphibien der Aru- und Kei-Inseln. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 33: 211-247 - get paper here
  • Shine, Richard; Claire Goiran, Catherine Shilton, Shai Meiri, Gregory P Brown 2019. The life aquatic: an association between habitat type and skin thickness in snakes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, blz136 - get paper here
  • Smith, M. A. 1926. Monograph on the Sea Snakes. (Hydrophiidae). London: British Museum, xvii + 130 pp.
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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