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Paralaudakia erythrogaster (NIKOLSKY, 1896)

IUCN Red List - Paralaudakia erythrogaster - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Redbelly Rock Agama 
SynonymStellio erythrogaster NIKOLSKY 1896: 370
Stellio erythrogaster var. pallida NIKOLSKY 1897: 319 (non Agama pallida REUSS 1833)
Agama caucasica mucronata GUIBÉ 1957 (fide CLARK et al. 1966)
Agama erythrogaster — WERMUTH 1967: 12
Stellio erythrogaster nurgeldievi TUNIYEV, ATAYEV & SHAMMAKOV 1991 (fide MACEY et al. 1998)
Laudakia erythrogastra — MACEY et al. 2000
Paralaudakia erythrogaster — BAIG et al. 2012: 232
Paralaudakia erythrogastra — KiLADZE & CHERNOVA 2018
Laudakia erythrogaster — ANANJEVA et al. 2020 
DistributionNE Iran, N Afghanistan, SE Turkmenistan, elevation 1000-2440 m.

Type locality: “Iran, Khorasan Province, Fariman“ (neotype locality)

Type locality: “Ferimun in Persia orientali” [Fariman, North Khorasan Province, Iran, 35.71 N 59.85 E] (fide Ananjeva et al. 2020)

mucronata: “Langarak, 60 km east of Mashad, on the route of the Sarakhs.”

nurgeldievi: Turkmenistan; Type locality: “eastern Kopet-Dagh”.

pallida: Type locality: “prope urbem Mesched.” [= Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran, 36.32 N 59.57 E].  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: ZISP 8760 (designated by RASTEGAR-POUYANI & NILSON 2002)
Holotype: ZISP 8761 [pallida] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (Paralaudakia erythrogaster). Head and body depressed; olivaceous with irregular black spots; scales on the body and tail with strong ridges and spines, even ventral scales may be carinated; several scattered enlarged mucronate scales may constitute a patch on flanks; dorsolateral-fold marked with groups of enlarged spinose scales; tail segment of two; callous glands present [BAIG et al. 2012: 232].
 
CommentSynonymy partly after SINDACO & JEREMCENKO 2008 and BAIG et al. 2012: 232. The nomen ‘gaster’ is a noun and not flectible. Therefore, the name ‘erythrogaster’ stays as masculine noun also with feminine Laudakia.

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
Etymology 
References
  • Aghili, Hossein; Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Mehdi Rajabizadeh, Haji Gholi Kami, and Bahram H. Kiabi 2010. Sexual dimorphism in Laudakia erythrogastra (Sauria: Agamidae) from Khorasan Razavi Province, Northeastern Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (1): 51-58 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, N.B. & Tuniev 1994. Some aspects of historical biogeography of Asian rock agamids. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (1): 43 - get paper here
  • ANANJEVA, NATALIA B.; KONSTANTIN D. MILTO, ANDREI V. BARABANOV, EVGENY A. GOLYNSKY 2020. An annotated type catalogue of amphibians and reptiles collected by Nikolay A. Zarudny in Iran and Middle Asia. Zootaxa 4722 (2): 101–128 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Baig, Khalid Javed; Philipp Wagner, Natalia B. Ananjeva & Wolfgang Böhme 2012. A morphology-based taxonomic revision of Laudakia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Agamidae). Vertebrate Zoology 62 (2): 213-260 - get paper here
  • Baig,K.J. & Böhme,W. 1995. Partition of the Stellio-group of Agama. 8th Ord. Gen. Meet. Soc. Europ. Herpet.: 36
  • Clark, R. J., Clark, E. D. and Anderson, S. C. 1966. Report on two small collections of reptiles from Iran. Occ. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci. (55): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Kiladze, A.B.; O.F. Chernova 2018. Adaptive peculiarities of pigmentation in the redbelly rock agama Paralaudakia erythrogastra (Nikolsky, 1896) (Agamidae). Ukrainian Journal of Ecology 8 (4): 248-251 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. Robert; James A. Schulte II, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Allan Larson, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Sakhat M. Shammakov, and Theodore J. Papenfuss 1998. Phylogenetic Relationships among Agamid Lizards of the Laudakia caucasia Species Group: Testing Hypotheses of Biogeographic Fragmentation and an Area Cladogram for the Iranian Plateau. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 10 (1): 118–131 - get paper here
  • Milto, Konstantin D.; Andrei V. Barabanov 2012. A Catalogue of the Agamid and Chamaeleonid Types in the Collection of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (2): 155-170 - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1896. Diagnoses reptilium et amphibiorum novorum in Persia orientali a N. Zarudny collectorum. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, 1:369-372. - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1897. Les reptiles, amphibiens et poissons recueillis (part.) Mr. N. Zaroudny dans la Perse orientale [in Russian]. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg 2: 306-348 - get paper here
  • Panov, EN & Zykova, LY 2016. Rock agamas of Eurasia. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow, 327 pp. - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Tuniyev, B. S., Atayev, Ch., and Shammakov, S. 1991. Stellio erythrogaster nurgeldievi ssp. nov. (Agamidae, Sauria)—A new subspecies from the eastern Kopet-Dagh. Izv. Akad. Nauk. Turkm. SSR 6: 50–60
 
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