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Parvoscincus banahaoensis LINKEM & BROWN, 2013

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymParvoscincus banahaoensis LINKEM & BROWN 2013
Sphenomorphus decipiens — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 186 (part)
Parvoscincus decipiens sp. 4 — LINKEM et al. 2011 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon: above 1275 m elevation on Mt. Banahao )

Type locality: Philippines, Luzon Island, Quezon Province, Municipality of Tayabas, Barangay Lalo, coordinates N: 14.0565° N, 121.5119, elevation 1275 m above sea level  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: PNM 9784 (formerly KU 332637; A. C. Diesmos Field No. 1015): Male, collected August 2001 by A. C. Diesmos.
Paratypes. Same locality as holotype: PNM 6761 (ACD 1020), PNM 6762 (ACD 1021) Females; PNM 6760 (ACD 1016), TNHC 62892 (RMB 3727), TNHC 62893 (RMB 3731), TNHC 62894 (RMB 3732), Males; KU 327426–7, KU 327635, TNHC 62895 (RMB 3735). 
CommentDiagnosis. Parvoscincus banahaoensis sp. nov. can be identified by the following combination of characters: (1) A small body size (SVL at maturity 39–45 mm); (2) MBSR = 28–32; (3) PV = 62–66; (4) dorsal scales non- striated without apical pits; (5) apical pits on hind limbs, none on forelimbs; (6) four enlarged supraoculars; (7) anterior loreal single; (8) three preoculars; (9) and 14–17 Toe IV SDL.
Parvoscincus banahaoensis sp. nov. is most closely related to P. palaliensis sp. nov. and P. aurorus sp. nov. (Fig. 2), and these three species are related to other high elevation Parvoscincus species (P. boyingi, P. laterimaculatus, P. igorotorum, P. beyeri, and P. hadros). Parvoscincus banahaoensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from P. boyingi, P. laterimaculatus, P. igorotorum, P. beyeri, P. hadros by having PV 62–66 (vs. > 74) and by being smaller (SVL 39.3–45.09 vs. 42–86.7).
Parvoscincus banahaoensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from P. palaliensis sp. nov. by having fewer PV scales (62–66 vs. 73); by having white flanks (vs. flanks brown with white spots); dorsolateral band bordered dorsally by straight light line (vs. dorsolateral band irregular dorsally with inverted hooks of dorsal color interrupting the dark brown band).
Parvoscincus banahaoensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from P. aurorus sp. nov. by usually having fewer midbody scale rows (28–32 vs 31–35) and fewer paravertebrals (62–66 vs 65–73) scales; by having white flanks (vs. flanks brown with white spots); dorsolateral band bordered dorsally by straight light line (vs. dorsolateral band irregular dorsally with half circles of dorsal color interrupting the dark brown band).

Habitat. This species is found in primary forest in loose soil under rocks and logs above 1000 m elevation. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is the Latin participle formation of the name of the type locality (Mt. Banahao, Quezon Province, Luzon Island). 
References
  • LINKEM, CHARLES W.; RAFE M. BROWN 2013. Systematic revision of the Parvoscincus decipiens (Boulenger, 1894) complex of Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Lygosominae) with descriptions of seven new species. Zootaxa 3700 (4): 501–533 - get paper here
 
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