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Pelomedusa kobe PETZOLD, VARGAS-RAMÍREZ, KEHLMAIER, VAMBERGER, BRANCH, DU PREEZ, HOFMEYR, MEYER, SCHLEICHER, ŠIROKÝ & FRITZ, 2014

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Higher TaxaPelomedusidae, Pelomedusoidea, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesTanzanian marsh terrapin 
SynonymPelomedusa kobe PETZOLD, VARGAS-RAMÍREZ, KEHLMAIER, VAMBERGER, BRANCH, DU PREEZ, HOFMEYR, MEYER, SCHLEICHER, ŠIROKÝ & FRITZ 2014
Pelomedusa kobe — TTWG 2017: 204
Pelomedusa kobe — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 51 
DistributionTanzania

Type locality: Naberera, Manyara, Tanzania, S4°11.66 E36°55.74  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZSM 334/1978:1, juvenile
Paratypes: Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin (ZMB 11741, female, Pumbo creek, Monda/Unguru, Morogoro, Tanzania; ZMB 11742, juvenile, Tabora, Tanzania); Zoologische Staatssammlung München (ZSM 285/1937:1–3, male and two juveniles, Tanganyika; ZSM 334/1978:2, hatchling, same data as holotype; ZSM 96/1960:1–5, two hatchlings and three juveniles, same data as holotype). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Medium-sized to, perhaps, large-sized helmeted terrapins with a known maximum straight carapacial length of 15.9 cm. Pectoral scutes rectangular with wide midseam contact or triangular with narrow midseam contact. Normally one large undivided temporal head scale present. Two, rarely three, small barbels under chin. Larger specimens with chestnut carapace and yellow plastron with darker elements along the distal seams; soft parts ventrally lighter than dorsally. Pelomedusa kobe differs from all other Pelomedusa species except P. gehafie, P. subrufa sensu stricto and candidate species B by the presence of guanine (G) instead of adenine (A) at position 223 of the 360-bp-long reference alignment of the 12S rRNA gene (Supporting Information). Pelomedusa kobe differs from these three species by the presence of cytosine (C) instead of thymine (T) at position 188 and from the individual species as shown in Table 5 [from PETZOLD et al. 2014].
 
CommentMap: Petzold et al. 2014

Habitat: freshwater. 
EtymologyThe species name kobe is the Swahili word for terrapin. 
References
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Fritz, U., T. Mazuch, A. Petzold & H. Prokop 2015. Coloration and pattern of hatchlings of six Pelomedusa species. Salamandra 51 (3): 277-282 - get paper here
  • PETZOLD, ALICE; MARIO VARGAS-RAMÍREZ, CHRISTIAN KEHLMAIER, MELITA VAMBERGER, WILLIAM R. BRANCH, LOUIS DU PREEZ, MARGARETHA D. HOFMEYR, LEON MEYER, ALFRED SCHLEICHER, PAVEL ŠIROKÝ & UWE FRITZ 2014. A revision of African helmeted terrapins (Testudines: Pelomedusidae: Pelomedusa), with descriptions of six new species. Zootaxa 3795 (5): 523–548 - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • TTWG; Anders G.J. Rhodin, John B. iverson, Roger Bour, Uwe Fritz, Arthur GeoRges, H. BRadley Shaffer, and Peter Paul van Dijk 2017. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (8th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Pritchard, P.C.H., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Ed Chelonian Research Monographs 7:1–292. doi: 10.3854/crm.7.checklist.atlas.v8.2017 - get paper here
 
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