Pelomedusa schweinfurthi PETZOLD, VARGAS-RAMÍREZ, KEHLMAIER, VAMBERGER, BRANCH, DU PREEZ, HOFMEYR, MEYER, SCHLEICHER, ŠIROKÝ & FRITZ, 2014
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Pelomedusa schweinfurthi?
|Higher Taxa||Pelomedusidae, Pelomedusoidea, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles)|
|Synonym||Pelomedusa schweinfurthi PETZOLD, VARGAS-RAMÍREZ, KEHLMAIER, VAMBERGER, BRANCH, DU PREEZ, HOFMEYR, MEYER, SCHLEICHER, ŠIROKÝ & FRITZ 2014|
Pelomedusa schweinfurthi — TTWG 2017: 205
|Distribution||South Sudan, Central African Republic|
Type locality: Liria, Central Equatoria, South Sudan, N4°38.66 E32°4.83;
|Types||Holotype: SMF 56161, female|
Paratypes: Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt am Main (SMF 56160, 65162, males, same data as holotype); Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin (ZMB 15697, juvenile, Djur River W Wau, Western Bahr el Ghazal, South Sudan).
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis: Small to medium-sized, dark-coloured helmeted terrapins with a known maximum straight carapacial length of 15.7 cm. Pectoral scutes rectangular with wide midseam contact or triangular with narrow midseam contact. Temporal head scales large, mostly undivided. Two small barbels under chin. In adults, carapace and plastron rather dark; soft parts ventrally lighter than dorsally. Pelomedusa schweinfurthi differs from all other Pelomedusa species by the presence of thymine (T) instead of cytosine (C) at position 279, by the presence of guanine (G) instead of adenine (A) or a gap at position 297, and by the presence of adenine (A) instead of guanine (G) at position 305 of the 360-bp-long reference alignment of the 12S rRNA gene (Supporting Information).|
|Comment||Map: Petzold et al. 2014|
Habitat: freshwater (Ponds, swamps)
|Etymology||Dedicated Georg August Schweinfurth (29 December 1836–19 September 1925) who was the last of the great explorers of Africa. Schweinfurth collected the oldest of the paratypes (ZMB 15697) during his famous third Africa expedition (1868–1871) “inside the heart of Africa” (Schweinfurth 1874) in present-day South Sudan.|
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