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Pelusios rhodesianus HEWITT, 1927

IUCN Red List - Pelusios rhodesianus - , LR

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Higher TaxaPelomedusidae, Pelomedusoidea, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesVariable Mud Turtle, Rhodesian Mud Turtle, Mashona hinged terrapin 
SynonymPelusios nigricans rhodesianus HEWITT 1927: 375
Pelusios castaneus rhodesianus — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977
Pelusios rhodesianus — RAW 1978
Pelusios rhodesianus — AUERBACH 1987: 74
Pelusios castaneus rhodesianus — ALDERTON 1988
Pelusios rhodesianus — BROADLEY 1998
Pelusios rhodesianus — TTWG 2014
Pelusios rhodesianus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 59 
DistributionDemocratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire), Central African Republic, Uganda, Angola, N Botswana, Zimbabwe, C Mozambique, Republic of South Africa (relict populations in Kwazulu and at Durban, Natal), Tanzania (northern end of Lake Nyasa), Zambia, N Malawi, Rwanda ?, Burundi ?, Namibia

Type locality: "Mpika District, northeastern Rhodesia" (= Zambia).  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: AMG 5432. 
Diagnosis 
CommentDistribution: For maps see TTWG 2014 and Kindler et al. 2015.

Habitat: freshwater (Lakes, quiet rivers) 
EtymologyNamed after its occurence in (Southern) Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe. 
References
  • Alderton, D. 1988. Turtles and tortoises of the world. Facts on File, New York.
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Bour,R. 1983. Trois populations endémiques de genre Pelusios (Reptilia, Chelonii, Pelomedusidae) aux îles Seychelles; relations avec les espèces africaines et malagaches. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris (4) 5: 343-382.
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1981. A review of the genus Pelusios Wagler in southern Africa (Pleurodira: Pelomedusidae). Occasional Papers of the National Museum of Rhodesia, B, Natural Science. 6 (9): 633-686. - get paper here
  • Ceríaco, Luis M. P., Aaron M. Bauer, David C. Blackburn and Ana C. F. C. Lavres. 2014. The herpetofauna of the Capanda Dam Region, Malanje, Angola. Herpetological Review 45 (4): 667-674
  • Conradie W, Bills R, and Branch WR. 2016. The herpetofauna of the Cubango, Cuito, and lower Cuando river catchments of south-eastern Angola. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 10(2) [Special Section]: 6–36 - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Hewitt, J. 1927. Further descriptions of reptiles and batrachians from South Africa. Rec. Albany Mus. (Grahamstown) 3 (5): 371-415
  • Hewitt, J. 1935. Some new forms of batrachians and reptiles from South Africa. Rec. Albany Mus. 4: 283-357
  • JACOBSEN, N.H.G. 2009. A contribution to the herpetofauna of the Passendro Area, Central African Republic. African Herp News (47): 2-20
  • Kindler, Carolin; Maggie Moosig, William R. Branch, James Harvey, Christian Kehlmaier, Zoltán T. Nagy, Hynek Prokop, Pavel Široký and Uwe Fritz 2015. Comparative phylogeographies of six species of hinged terrapins (Pelusios spp.) reveal discordant patterns and unexpected differentiation in the P. castaneus/P. chapini complex and P. rhodesianus Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12647 - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • McCord, W.P., Joseph-Ouni, M. & Bour, R. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #17: Eastern and Southern African Mud Turtles. Reptilia (GB) (37): 73-77 - get paper here
  • Raw, L.R.G. 1978. Taxonomic notes on the hinged terrapins, genus Pelusios, of Natal (Testudinata, Pelomedusidae). Durban Museum Novitates 11 (17): 287-294.
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Wermuth, H., and R. Mertens. 1977. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Testudines, Crocodylia, Rhynchocephalia. Das Tierreich. Berlin. 100: i-xxvii, 1-174
  • Witte, G. F. de & LAURENT,R.F. 1943. Contribution à la systématique des Boiginae du Congo Belge (Rept.) [and errata slip]. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 37: 157-189
 
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