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Phelsuma borai GLAW, KÖHLER & VENCES, 2009

IUCN Red List - Phelsuma borai - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymPhelsuma borai GLAW, KÖHLER & VENCES 2009 
DistributionW Madagascar (Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park)

Type locality: Andafiabe, Beboka River, 18°47'03'' S, 44°46'46'' E, 177 m above sea level, Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park, western Madagascar. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZSM 103/2006, adult male, collected on 24 March 2006 by P. Bora, H. Enting, F. Glaw & J. Köhler. 
CommentDiagnosis. Phelsuma borai sp. nov. is a medium-sized day gecko with greyish-brown ground colouration and without any green or red colours. It differs from most other Phelsuma species by the combination of (1) absence of green and red colours on the dorsal surface in life and (2) a low number of lamellae below the fourth toe (11 in P. borai vs. 12–28 in most other species). It differs from P. pronki which has a smilar low number of lamellae by a very different life-colouration and smaller size (42 vs. 49–50 mm SVL). P. borai shares most characteristics with P. breviceps and P. mutabilis, but differs from both species by a higher number of supralabials (9–10 vs. 6–8), a higher number of internasals (3 vs. 1–2), a distinctly concave groove between the nasals (vs. not concave), a triangular mental scale (vs. mostly bell-shaped mental), and the configuration of the throat scalation (see Fig. 3). Furthermore, it differs from P. mutabilis by the absence of a dark stripe along the infralabials. In addition, P. borai is characterized by a very strong differentiation from all other Phelsuma species in the studied mitochondrial genes (16S rRNA and cytochrome b) and by a substantial divergence in the nuclear (C-mos, Rag-1 and Rag-2) gene fragments. 
EtymologyGlaw et al. dedicate this new species to their “student, colleague and friend Parfait Bora who captured the holotype and was of invaluable help during several expeditions in Madagascar.” 
References
  • BORA, PARFAIT; J. CHRISTIAN RANDRIANANTOANDRO, ROMA RANDRIANAVELONA, ELISOA F. HANTALALAINA, RAPHALI R. ANDRIANTSIMANARILAFY,<br />DANIEL RAKOTONDRAVONY, OLGA R. RAMILIJAONA, MIGUEL VENCES,<br />RICHARD K. B. JENKINS, FRANK GLAW, AND JÖRN KÖHLER 2009. AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF THE TSINGY DE BEMARAHA PLATEAU, WESTERN MADAGASCAR: CHECKLIST, BIOGEOGRAPHY AND CONSERVATION. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):111-125.
  • Gardner CJ, Raxworthy CJ, Metcalfe K, Raselimanana AP, Smith RJ, Davies ZG 2015. Comparing Methods for Prioritising Protected Areas for Investment: A Case Study Using Madagascar’s Dry Forest Reptiles. PLoS ONE 10(7): e0132803, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0132803 - get paper here
  • Gehring, P.S. & Glaw, F. 2010. Bunte Vielfalt in modernem Licht: Taggeckos der Gattung Phelsuma. Draco 11 (43): 4-21
  • Glaw, F. & Rösler, H. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of the day geckos of the genera Phelsuma Gray,1825 and Rhoptropella Hewitt,1937 (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): - get paper here
  • Glaw, F.; Köhler, J. & Vences, M. 2009. A new species of cryptically coloured day gecko (Phelsuma) from the Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park in western Madagascar. Zootaxa 2195: 61–68 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, SARA; HERBERT RÖSLER, PHILIP-SEBASTIAN GEHRING, FRANK GLAW, DAVID POSADA, D. JAMES HARRIS & MIGUEL VENCES 2010. Phylogenetic systematics of day geckos, genus Phelsuma, based on molecular and morphological data (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2429: 1–28 - get paper here
 
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