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Philodryas livida (AMARAL, 1923)

IUCN Red List - Philodryas livida - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymPlatyinion lividum AMARAL 1923: 91
Platyinion lividum AMARAL 1926: 113
Philodryas lividum — THOMAS & FERNANDES 1996
Philodryas livida — DI BERNARDO (pers. comm.)
Philodryas livida — GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012
Philodryas livida — WALLACH et al. 2014: 550 
DistributionBrazil (Mato Grosso, Parana, Sao Paulo, Goiás [HR 30: 55]), Paraguay

Type locality: Dorizon, Paraná, Brazil.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: IB (= IBSP) 3000, female 
CommentSynonymy: Note that Amaral described Dipsas neivai as a new species in two independent papers, published in 1923 and 1926. 
References
  • Amaral, A. do 1923. New genera and species of snakes. Proc. New England Zool. Club 8: 85-105 - get paper here
  • Amaral, A. do 1926. Novos gêneros e expécies de ophidios brasileiros. Arch. Mus. Nac. Brazil, Rio de Janeiro 26: 1-27
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Grazziotin, Felipe G.; Hussam Zaher, Robert W. Murphy, Gustavo Scrocchi, Marco A. Benavides, Ya-Ping Zhang and Sandro L. Bonatto 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. A. & R. FERNANDES 1996. The systematic status of Platyinion lividum AMARAL, 1923 (Serpentes: Colubridae: Xenodontinae). Herpetologica 52 (2): 271-275. - get paper here
  • Valdujo, Paula H.; Campos Nogueira, Cristiano 1999. Geographic distribution. Philodryas livida. Herpetological Review 30 (1): 55 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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