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Philothamnus nitidus (GÜNTHER, 1863)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesPhilothamnus nitidus loveridgei LAURENT 1960
Philothamnus nitidus nitidus (GÜNTHER 1865) 
Common NamesGreen Bush Snake, Cameroons Wood Snake 
SynonymAhaetulla nitida GÜNTHER 1863: 286 (part.)
Ahaetulla lagoensis GÜNTHER 1872: 26 (fide BOULENGER 1894)
Philothamnus nitidus — BOULENGER 1894: 100
Philothamnus nitidus — SCHMIDT 1923: 78
Philothamnus semivariegatus nitidus — LOVERIDGE 1958
Philothamnus nitidus — RÖDEL & MAHSBERG 2000
Philothamnus nitidus — TRAPE & BALDÉ 2014
Philothamnus nitidus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 557
Philothamnus nitidus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 492

Philothamnus nitidus nitidus (GÜNTHER 1865)
Philothamnus nitidus nitidus — TRAPE & ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995: 39

Philothamnus nitidus loveridgei LAURENT 1960
Philothamnus nitidus loveridgei LAURENT 1960: 40
Philothamnus nitidus loveridgei — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 30
Philothamnus nitidus loveridgei — MARQUES et al. 2018 
DistributionCentral African Republic, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire; except in the south), Congo (Brazzaville), Gabon, Liberia, Togo, Benin, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Nigeria

loveridgei: S Central African Republic, Zaire, Burundi, W Kenya, W Tanzania; Type locality: Itula, Kivu, Zaire. Originally “Demerara”, in error, corrected to “Lagos” [Nigeria] by Boulenger (1894:101] fide Wallach et al. (2014:546) and “not known”.

Type locality: “Cameruns” [Philothamnus nigrofasciatus]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.10.28, an 813 mm male. {plus 1946.1.10.24 fide Hughes = 2 syntypes}
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.1.10.24 (collector Col. E. Sabine) and BMNH 1946.1.6.2 (formerly BMNH 71.4.21.5) (collector unknown) [loveridgei] 
Diagnosis 
CommentNot listed in the Zoological Record of 1865. 
Etymology 
References
  • Angel, Fernand 1925. Résultats Scientifiques. Vertebrata. Reptiles et Batraciens. [Mabuia (Mabuiopsis) jeanneli, Lygosoma graueri quinquedigitata, Ablepharus massaiensis]. In: Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). - Paris, 2: 1-63.
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Günther,A. 1863. On some species of tree-snakes (Ahaetulla). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 11: 283-287. - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1872. Seventh account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 9: 13-37 - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. 1985. Progress on a taxonomic revision of African green tree snakes (Philothamnus spp.). In: Schuchmann, K.L. (ed.) Proceedings of the International Symposium on African Vertebrates. ZFMK, Bonn, pp. 511-530
  • Hughes, B. 2013. Snakes of Bénin, West Africa. Bull. Soc. Herp. France 144: 101-159
  • Jesus, J.; Nagy, Z.; Branch, W.; Wink, M.; Brehm, A. & Harris, D. J. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships of African green snakes (genera Philothamnus and Hapsidophrys) from São Tomé, Príncipe and Annobon islands based on mtDNA sequences and comments on their colonization and taxonomy. The Herpetological Journal 19: 41-48 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1960. Notes complémentaires sur les Chéloniens et les Ophidiens du congo oriental. Ann. Mus. Roy. Congo Belge (Sci. Zool.), 84: 1-86
  • Loveridge, A. 1938. On a collection of reptiles and amphibians from Liberia. Proc. New England Zool. Club 17: 49-74
  • Loveridge,A. 1958. Revision of five african snake genera. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 119: 1-198 (141) - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1875. Über die Hrn. Professor Dr. R. Buchholz in Westafrika gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1875 (März): 196-212 - get paper here
  • Rödel M O; Mahsberg D 2000. Vorläufige Liste der Schlangen des Tai-Nationalparks/Elfenbeinküste und angrenzender Gebiete. Salamandra 36 (1): 25-38 - get paper here
  • Segniagbeto GLazcano. H., Trape J. F., David P., Ohler A., Dubois A. & Glitho I. A. 2011. The snake fauna of Togo: systematics, distribution and biogeography, with remarks on selected taxonomic problems. Zoosystema 33 (3): 325-360. DOI: 10.5252/z2011n3a4 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F. & R. ROUX-ESTÈVE 1990. Note sur une collection de serpents du Congo avec description d'une espèce nouvelle. Rev. Zool. Afr. (J. Afr. Zool.) 104: 375-383
  • Trape, J.F. & R. ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995. Les serpents du Congo: liste commentée et clé de détermination. Journal of African Zoology 109 (1): 31-50
  • TRAPE, JEAN-FRANÇOIS & CELLOU BALDÉ 2014. A checklist of the snake fauna of Guinea, with taxonomic changes in the genera Philothamnus and Dipsadoboa (Colubridae) and a comparison with the snake fauna of some other West African countries. Zootaxa 3900 (3): 301–338
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1897. Über Reptilien und Batrachier aus Togoland, Kamerun und Tunis aus dem Kgl. Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges., Wien 47: 395-407
 
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