Pholidoscelis major (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Pholidoscelis major?
|Higher Taxa||Teiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Guadeloupean Giant Groundlizard, Martinique Ameiva|
|Synonym||Ameiva major DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 117|
Ameiva major — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 196
Ameiva major — HARVEY et al. 2012
Pholidoscelis major — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016
|Distribution||Lesser Antilles: Martinique|
Type locality: "Cayenne" (probably in error) and "Trinité" (probably town of Trinité, Martinique).
|Types||Lectotype: MNHN-RA 1491 from "Trinité," designated by Baskin and Williams, 1966|
|Comment||Conservation: Now extinct fide SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991 (and not listed in SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 19s88). Bochaton et al. described another new (subfossil) Pholidoscelis from Guadeloupe, Pholidoscelis turukaeraensis, which is also extinct but apparently similar to P. major.|
Synonymy: Listed as synonym of Ameiva punctata by BOULENGER 1885: 359
Type species: Ameiva major DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 117 is the type species of the genus Pholidoscelis FITZINGER 1843: 20.
Pholidoscelis was resurrected by GOICOECHEA et al. 2016. Note, however, that Pholidoscelis was originally erected for Ameiva major (by Fitzinger, 1843), a taxon that has was not included by GOICOECHEA et al. 2016, as it is presumed to be extinct.
|Etymology||Genus: In Greek, the ending –scelis is derived from skelos (Latin transliteration of the Greek skelos), which means legs. In this case, the genus name is a Latinized compound adjective, but treated as singular nouns in the nominative because it is a genus. As such, the ending –scelis denotes either masculine or feminine gender (Steyskal, 1971). According to ICZN (1999) Article 18.104.22.168. ‘‘a genus-group name that is or ends in a word of common or variable gender (masculine or feminine) is to be treated as masculine unless its author, when establishing the name, stated that it is feminine or treated it as feminine in combination with an adjectival species-group name.” Hence, the genus Pholidoscelis is masculine (after Tucker et al. 2016).|
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