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Pholidoscelis taeniurus COPE, 1862

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesPholidoscelis taeniurus taeniurus COPE 1862
Pholidoscelis taeniurus aequorea SCHWARTZ 1967
Pholidoscelis taeniurus azuae SCHWARTZ 1967
Pholidoscelis taeniurus barbouri COCHRAN 1928
Pholidoscelis taeniurus ignobilis SCHWARTZ 1967
Pholidoscelis taeniurus meyerabichi MERTENS 1950
Pholidoscelis taeniurus navassae SCHMIDT 1919
Pholidoscelis taeniurus pentamerinthus SCHWARTZ 1968
Pholidoscelis taeniurus regnatrix SCHWARTZ 1967
Pholidoscelis taeniurus rosamondae COCHRAN 1934
Pholidoscelis taeniurus tofacea SCHWARTZ 1967
Pholidoscelis taeniurus vafra SCHWARTZ 1967
Pholidoscelis taeniurus varica SCHWARTZ 1967
Pholidoscelis taeniurus vulcanalis SCHWARTZ 1967 
Common NamesHispaniolan blue-tailed ameiva, Haitian Ameiva 
SynonymAmeiva taeniura COPE 1862: 63
Ameiva taeniura — BOULENGER 1885: 350
Ameiva taeniura — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 201
Ameiva taeniura — HOWER & HEDGES 2003
Ameiva taeniura — HARVEY et al. 2012
Pholidoscelis taeniura — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016
Pholidoscelis taeniurus — TUCKER et al. 2016

Pholidoscelis taeniurus aequorea (SCHWARTZ 1967)
Ameiva taeniura aequorea — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura aequorea — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis taeniurus azuae (SCHWARTZ 1967)
Ameiva taeniura azuae — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura azuae — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis taeniurus barbouri (COCHRAN 1928)
Ameiva barbouri COCHRAN 1928
Ameiva barbouri — BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE 1946
Ameiva taeniura barbouri — SCHWARTZ 1967
Ameiva taeniura barbouri — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura barbouri — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis taeniurus ignobilis (SCHWARTZ 1967)
Ameiva taeniura ignobilis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura ignobilis — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis taeniurus meyerabichi (MERTENS 1950)
Ameiva taeniura meyerabichi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura meyerabichi — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis taeniurus navassae (SCHMIDT 1919)
Ameiiva navassae SCHMIDT 1919
Ameiva taeniura navassae — SCHWARTZ 1967: 354
Ameiva taeniura navassae — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura navassae — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis taeniurus pentamerinthus (SCHWARTZ 1968)
Ameiva taeniura pentamerinthus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura pentamerinthus — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis taeniurus regnatrix (SCHWARTZ 1967)
Ameiva taeniura regnatrix — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura regnatrix — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis taeniurus rosamondae (COCHRAN 1934)
Ameiva rosamondae COCHRAN 1934: 179
Ameiva rosamondae — BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE 1946
Ameiva taeniura rosamondae — SCHWARTZ 1967
Ameiva taeniura rosamondae — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura rosamondae — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis taeniurus tofacea (SCHWARTZ 1967)
Ameiva taeniura tofacea — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura tofacea — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis taeniurus vafra (SCHWARTZ 1967)
Ameiva taeniura — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura vafra — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis taeniurus varica (SCHWARTZ 1967)
Ameiva taeniura varica — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura varica — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis taeniurus vulcanalis (SCHWARTZ 1967)
Ameiva taeniura vulcanalis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis taeniura vulcanalis — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication) 
DistributionHispaniola: Haiti

taeniura: Haiti, northern and western Tiburon Peninsula; Grosse Caye; specimens from lie Petite Cayemite tentatively referred to this subspecies. Type locality: Near Jérémie, Département de la Grand'Anse, Haiti.

aequorea: Ile-a-Vache. Type locality: Western end, lIe-a-Vache, Haiti.

azuae: República Dominicana, western Llanos de Azua.Type locality: 22 km NW Azua, Azua Province, Republica Dominicana.

barbouri: lie de la Gonave; Haiti, vicinity of Trou Forban. Type locality: La Source, lIe de la Gonave, Haiti.

ignobilis: Repiiblica Dominicana, from Martin Garcia and La Vega east through Peninsula de Samaná; Puerto Plata? Type locality: 14.4 km E La Vega, La Vega Province, Republica Dominicana.

meyerabichi: República Dominicana, Cordillera Central. Type locality: Constanza, about 1200 meters, Cordillera Central, La Vega Province, Republica Dominicana.

navassae: Navassa I. Type locality: Navassa Island.

pentamerinthus: Ile Grande Cayemite. Type locality: Vicinity of Pointe Sable, Ile Grande Cayemite, Departement de la Grand'Anse, Haiti.

regnatrix: Haiti, extreme southwestern Tiburon Peninsula. Type locality: Camp Perrin, Departement du Sud, Haiti.

rosamondae: Isla Saona. Type locality: Isla Saona, Republica Dominicana.

tofacea: República Dominicana, southeastern coastal region from near Rio Ozama to Rio Chavón; perhaps also in interior of this region. Type locality: Mouth of Rio Chavon, west side, La Romana Province, Republica Dominicana.

vafra: extreme eastern República Dominicana. Type locality: 0.5 mi. (0.8 km) NW Boca de Yuma, La Altagracia Province, Republica Dominicana.

varica: Haiti, basal portion of the Tiburon Peninsula, including uplands of Massif de la Selle. Type locality: Morne Calvaire, 1 mi. (1.6 km) SW Petionville, 2300 ft. (701 meters), Departement de l'Ouest, Haiti.

vulcanalis: Extreme southeastern Haiti, across Dominican Peninsula de Barahona, along its east coast and north to Barahona, thence west to easternmost portion of Massif de la Selle; also east from Barahona to Punta Martin Garcia. Type locality: 5 mi. (8 km) NE Oviedo, Pedernales Province, Republica Dominicana.

INCERTAE SEDIS: Haiti (near Plaisance, Dondon, Limbd, St.-Michel de l'Atalaye, Terre Rouge, Mirebalais, Saut d'Eau, Seguin); República Dominicana (Loma de Cabrera, Vallejuelo, Cambita Garabitos, Jayaco, Bonao, Isla Catalina, Villa Anacaona, "Santo Domingo").  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: Unknown; not MCZ 3614
Holotype: AMNH R12607 [navassae]
Holotype: MCZ 81086 [aequorea]
Holotype: MCZ 81082 [algida]
Holotype: MCZ 81078 [azuae]
Holotype: MCZ 25537 [barbouri]
Holotype: MCZ 81081 [ignobilis]
Holotype: SMF 26542 [meyerabichi]
Holotype: AMNH 12607 [navassae]
Holotype: MCZ 92047 [pentamerinthus]
Holotype: MCZ 81072 [regnatrix]
Holotype: MCZ 37567[rosamondae]
Holotype: MCZ 81079 [tofacea]
Holotype: MCZ 81080 [vafra]
Holotype: MCZ 81076 [varica]
Holotype: MCZ 81077 [vulcanalis] 
CommentIllustrations: Mertens, 1939; Cochran, 1941; Mertens, 1950.

Subspecies:  HARVEY et al. 2012 do not list any subspecies of this species. 
References
  • Barbour, Thomas & Loveridge, Arthur 1946. First supplement to typical reptiles and amphibians. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 96 (2): 59-214. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D. M. 1928. The herpetological collections made in Haiti and its adjoining islands by Walter J. Eyerdam. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 41: 53-59. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D. M. 1934. Herpetological collections made in Hispaniola by the Utowana Expedition. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 163-188 - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Geißler, L. 2008. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf der Halbinsel Barahona, Dominikanische Republik. Elaphe 16 (1): 48-52
  • Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. 2016. Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Hedges SB. 2010. Ameiva taeniura (Hispaniolan Blue-tailed Ameiva). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 6: 1 - get paper here
  • Hower, Lindsey M., and S. Blair Hedges 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian Teiid lizards of the genus Ameiva. Carib. J. Sci. 39 (3):298-306. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 449: 1-84.
  • Mertens, R. 1950. Zur Taxonomie und Verbreitung der hispaniolischen Eidechsen der Gattung Ameiva. Senckenbergiana 31 (1-2):3-7.
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1919. Descriptions of new amphibians and reptiles from Santo Domingo and Navassa. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 41:519-525.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, Albert 1968. Two new subspecies of Ameiva (Lacertilia, Teiidae) from Hispaniola. Herpetologica 24 (1): 21-28 - get paper here
  • Schwartz,A. 1967. The Ameiva (Lacertilia: Teiidae) of Hispaniola. III. Ameiva taeniura Cope. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 135: 345-375 - get paper here
  • Tucker, Derek B.; Guarino R. Colli, Lilian G. Giugliano, S. Blair Hedges, Catriona R. Hendry, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Alan R. Lemmon, Jack W. Sites Jr., R. Alexander Pyron 2016. Methodological congruence in phylogenomic analyses with morphological support for teiid lizards (Sauria: Teiidae) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 103: 75-84, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.07.002
 
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