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Phrynocephalus ahvazicus MELNIKOV, MELNIKOVA, NAZAROV, RAJABIZADEH, AL-JOHANY, AMR & ANANJEVA, 2014

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymPhrynocephalus ahvazicus MELNIKOV, MELNIKOVA, NAZAROV, RAJABIZADEH, AL-JOHANY, AMR & ANANJEVA 2014 
DistributionIran (Khuzestan)

Type locality: Ahvaz, Khuzestan province, Iran.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZISP 27131 (formerly R-12713G2), adult male (Fig. 7).
Paratypes. ZISP 25019 – 25023, ZISP 27088, ICSTZM6H 1291, 1292 (formerly ZISP 26645, 26646) and ZMMU R-12713G1, R-12713G3 – 12713G6 with the same data as Holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A small and slender Phrynocephalus species with tail longer than body in both sexes, ground dorsal coloration uniform, almost without pattern; with dark red patches on body sides; head coloration same as body, without any patches; with white undertail coloration without bands and without black tail tip (undisturbed animal) and black distal half and no bands in white proximal half (alerted).

Comparisons. Ph. ahvazicus sp. nov. is distinguished from the other representatives of the Ph. arabicus complex by the following characters: smallest body size; longest tail both in males and in females; uniform coloration of dorsal parts without patches on head and dorsum; coloration of the undertail white in calm condition, and distal half black and proximal half is white without pattern in alerted animals.
The new species differs from Ph. arabicus sensu stricto in undertail coloration — distal half is totally black in alerted Ph. ahvazicus sp. nov. vs. distal quarter totally black or two-three small black cross bars in distal quarter in Ph. arabicus sensu stricto.
The new species differs from Ph. nejdensis in undertail coloration — distal half is uniformly black and proximal is white without cross bands in alerted Ph. ahvazicus sp. nov. vs. more than half of the tail is blackish in alerted Ph. nejdensis with black cross bands both in distal (blackish) and proximal (white) parts.
The new species differs from Ph. macropeltis in undertail coloration — distal half is black in alerted Ph. ahvazicus sp. nov. vs. distal third is black or with two-three cross bands in alerted Ph. macropeltis. 
CommentThis species is similar to Phrynocephalus arabicus. See that entry for more details. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
References
  • Melnikov, Daniel; Ekaterina Melnikova, Roman Nazarov, Mahdi Rajabizadeh,, Awadh Al-Johany, Zuhair S. Amr, and Natalia B. Ananjeva 2014. TAXONOMIC REVISION OF Phrynocephalus arabicus ANDERSON, 1984 COMPLEX WITH DESCRIPTION OF A NEW SPECIES FROM AHVAZ, SOUTH-WESTERN IRAN. Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (2): 149-159
 
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