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Phrynocephalus ornatus BOULENGER, 1887

IUCN Red List - Phrynocephalus ornatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesPhrynocephalus ornatus vindumi GOLUBEV 1998
Phrynocephalus ornatus ornatus BOULENGER 1887 
Common Names 
SynonymPhrynocephalus ornatus BOULENGER 1887: 496
Phrynocephalus ornatus — SMITH 1935: 232
Phrynocephalus ornatus — LEVITON 1959: 450
Phrynocephalus ornatus — WERMUTH 1967: 85
Phrynocephalus ornatus — ANDERSON & LEVITON 1967: 231
Phrynocephalus ornatus — KHAN 1999
Phrynocephalus (Phrynocephalus) ornatus ornatus — BARABANOV & ANANJEVA 2007
Phrynocephalus ornatus ornatus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Phrynocephalus (Microphrynocephalus) ornatus — SOLOVYEVA et al. 2014

Phrynocephalus ornatus vindumi GOLUBEV 1998
Phrynocephalus (Phrynocephalus) ornatus vindumi — BARABANOV & ANANJEVA 2007
Phrynocephalus ornatus vindumi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Phrynocephalus (Microphrynocephalus) ornatus vindumi — SOLOVYEVA et al. 2014
Phrynocephalus vindumi — MACEY et al. 2018
Phrynocephalus vindumi — ANANJEVA et al. 2020 
DistributionSW Pakistan, (Baluchistan), SW Afghanistan, E Iran

Type locality: between Nushki and Heland River (border between Afghanistan and Baluchistan).

vindumi: Iran, Afghanistan (eastern part of Kavir-i-Namak Desert in E Iran, along NE slopes of Kelat (Qalat) Range and Kayen Mountains to Iranian-Afghanistan border); Terra typica: “Iran, Khorasan Prov., 35 km. N of Gonabad on road to Torbat-E. Heydariyeh (ca. 34º49' N, 58º47' E), 850 m. elevation”.  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.28.20 (designated by Anderson & Leviton, 1967: 231), (ex BMNH
Holotype: CAS 141200; paratypes: ZISP, NMBA, NMW, ZMMGU [vindumi] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Dorsal scales enlarge very gradually from flanks to mid-dorsal line, homogeneous; nasal shields in contact; no spinose scales on neck or back of head; both sides of fourth and outer aspect of third toes strongly fringed; three scales separate nasals from upper labials; two or three suborbital scales, none larger than adjacent scales; no dark-margmed dorsolateral stripe between fore and hind limbs. Tail 119-132 percent of snout-vent length (Anderson 1999: 93). 
CommentDistribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran.

NCBI taxon ID: 1585973 [vindumi] 
  • Alcock, A. W. & FINN,F. 1897. An account of the Reptilia collected by Dr. F.P. Maynard, Captain A.H. McMahon, C.I.E., and the members of the Afghan-Baluch Boundary Comission of 1896. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 65: 550-566 [1896] - get paper here
  • ANANJEVA, NATALIA B.; KONSTANTIN D. MILTO, ANDREI V. BARABANOV, EVGENY A. GOLYNSKY 2020. An annotated type catalogue of amphibians and reptiles collected by Nikolay A. Zarudny in Iran and Middle Asia. Zootaxa 4722 (2): 101–128 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C. Leviton, Alan E. 1967. A new species of Phrynocephalus (Sauria: Agamidae) from Afghanistan, with remarks on Phrynocephalus ornatus Boulenger. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 35 (11): 227-234 - get paper here
  • BARABANOV, A.V. & N.B. ANANJEVA 2007. Catalogue of the available scientific species-group names for lizards of the genus Phrynocephalus Kaup, 1825 (Reptilia, Sauria, Agamidae). Zootaxa 1399: 1-56 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Clark, R. 1990. A report on herpetological observations in Afghanistan. British Herpetological Society Bulletin (33): 20-42
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Golubev, Michael 1998. A new subspecies of Phrynocephalus ornatus Boulenger (Reptilia: Agamidae) from eastern Iran, with a key to south-western and Middle-Asian Microphrynocephalids. Hamadryad 23 (2):162-168. - get paper here
  • Khan, M. S. 1999. A checklist and key to the phrynocephalid lizards of Pakistan, with ethnological notes (Squamata: Agamidae). Pakistan J. Zool. 31 (1): 17-24 - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. CHECKLIST AND KEY TO THE LIZARDS OF PAKISTAN. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (1): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E. 1959. Report on a collection of reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (12): 445-463 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E. 1959. Systematics and Zoogeography of Philippine Snakes. Unpublished PhD Thesis.
  • Milto, Konstantin D.; Andrei V. Barabanov 2012. A Catalogue of the Agamid and Chamaeleonid Types in the Collection of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (2): 155-170 - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1897. Les reptiles, amphibiens et poissons recueillis (part.) Mr. N. Zaroudny dans la Perse orientale [in Russian]. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg 2: 306-348 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Solovyeva, E. N.; N. A. Poyarkov, E. A. Dunayev, R. A. Nazarov, V. S. Lebedev, and A. A. Bannikova 2014. Phylogenetic Relationships and Subgeneric Taxonomy of Toad-headed Agamas Phrynocephalus (Reptilia, Squamata, Agamidae) as Determined by Mitochondrial DNA Sequencing. Doklady Biological Sciences 455: 119–124. - get paper here
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