Phrynosoma brevirostris (GIRARD, 1858)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Phrynosoma brevirostris?
|Higher Taxa||Phrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Phrynosomatini; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Great Plains Short-horned Lizard|
|Synonym||Phrynosoma (Tapaya) brevirostris GIRARD 1858: 397|
Phrynosoma brevirostre — COPE 1867: 302
Phrynosoma douglassi — GENTRY 1885: 140 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii hernandesi — COPE 1900: 413 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii ornatissimum — VAN DENBURGH 1922: 377 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii brevirostre — SMITH 1946: 302
Phrynosoma douglassii ornatissimum — SMITH 1946: 305 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii brevirostre — REEVE 1952: 913
Phrynosoma douglassii hernandesi — REEVE 1952:922 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii ornatum — REEVE 1952: 930 (part)
Phrynosoma hernandezi — ZAMUDIO et al. 1997: 302 (part)
Phrynosoma douglassii brevirostre — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 113
Phrynosoma brevirostris — MONTANUCCI 2015
|Distribution||Canada (S Alberta, S Sasketchewan), |
USA (Wyoming, W North Dakota, W South Dakota, W Nebraska, Utah, Colorado)
Type locality: Restricted to 9.6 km E of Agate, Sioux County, Nebraska by Montanucci 2015. Reeve (1952:913) emended the name of the type locality (Pole Creek) in accordance with its current geographic name, Lodgepole Creek, and restricted the type locality to near Dix, Kimball County, Nebraska.
|Types||Type: USNM 208; Lectotype: USNM 4592c (designated by Montanucci 2015: 28)|
|Comment||Synonymy: after Montanucci 2015.|
Subspecies: The former subspecies P. d. brevirostre, ornatissimum, and P. d. ornatum have been synonymized with P. hernandesi by Zamudio et al. 1997 but brevirostris and orntaissimum were revalidated by Montanucci 2015.
Group: Belongs to the Tapaja clade fide LEACHE & MCGUIRE 2006.
Size: 6 cm SVL (smallest species of the genus).
Distribution: see maps 1,2 in Montanucci 2015: 163 ff.
|Etymology||The specific epithet brevirostris comes from the Latin adjective brevis,-e, meaning “short”, and a modified version of the second declension Latin neuter noun rostrum, meaning “snout”, in reference to the short or abbreviated snout of this species. Apparently, Girard’s (1858a) intent was to create a compound noun in apposition to the subgeneric name Tapaya (see Smith & Reeve, 1951 for origin of the name), crafting his new name in third declension feminine gender since Tapaya is apparently feminine. Although Girard’s root word rostris does not exist in Latin, Cope (1866:302) modified Girard’s name to brevirostre as though it were an adjective needing to agree with the neuter gender of Phrynosoma. However, since nouns used in apposition to other nouns retain their own gender (only adjectives must agree in gender with the name of the genus), Cope’s alteration of the name was an unnecessary and incorrect subsequent spelling. Therefore, Montanucci 2015 retained Girard’s original spelling for the available name. See ICZN articles 31.2.1. and 34.2.1.|