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Phyllopezus pollicaris (SPIX, 1825)

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBrazilian Gecko 
SynonymThecadactylus pollicaris SPIX 1825
Phyllopezus goyazensis PETERS 1878: 415 (fide BAUER et al. 1995)
Phyllopezus goyazensis — BOULENGER 1885: 145
Platydactylus Spixii SCHLEGEL in MÜLLER & BRONGERSMA 1933
Phyllopezus pollicaris — RODRIGUES 1986
Phyllopezus pollicaris — BAUER 2013 (plates)
Phyllopezus pollicaris — CACCIALI et al. 2018 
DistributionBrazil (Goias, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Maranhao, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Ceará, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte), Paraguay (Paraguari [HR 27: 211]), Bolivia (goyazensis: Santa Cruz, Tarija; pollicaris: Santa Cruz, Tarija; fide DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999), Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco, Santiago del Estero, Formosa [HR 27: 211], Jujuy)

goyazensis: Bolivia

pollicaris: NE Brazil; Type locality: Bahia interior.

Type locality: “Goyaz (Brasilien)” [Phyllopezus goyazensis PETERS 1877]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: ZSM 2510/0 (lost); Paralectotypes: ZSM 165/0/1-2 (ZSMH 165/0 A, B in Hoogmoed & Gruber 1983), male, female, same data as lectotype. Lectotype designated by Müller & Brongersma (1933); additional paralectotype: RMNH 2750.
Holotype: ZMB 9079 [Phyllopezus goyazensis PETERS 1877] 
Diagnosis 
CommentTaxonomy: Gamble et al. 2011 found different lineages within P. pollicaris, which may be valid species. They also suggested that P. p. przewalskii is a valid (evolutionary) species; however, they refrained from formally elevating it as this action would make pollicaris paraphyletic, requiring the establishment of additional species which are currently not well diagnosed.

Distribution: For distributions maps of both subspecies see Vanzolini 1968: 100 (Map 7).

Type species: Phyllopezus goyazensis PETERS 1878 is the type species of the genus Phyllopezus PETERS 1878. 
Etymology 
References
  • Barbosa, Vanessa do Nascimento; Amaral, Jéssica Monique da Silva; Alcantara, Edivania do Nascimento Pereira; dos Santos, Ednilza Maranhão 2018. Herpetofauna de uma área de caatinga em Taquaritinga do Norte, agreste de Pernambuco, Brasil. Cuad. herpetol. 32 (2): 109-115 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. 2013. Geckos - The Animal Answer Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press, 159 pp.
  • Borges-Nojosa, D. M. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Composição e análise comparativa da diversidade e das afinidades biogeográficas dos lagartos e anfisbenídeos (Squamata) dos brejos nordestinos. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Burgos Gallardo, Freddy 2013. El Ututo chaqueño Phyllopezus pollicaris (Spix 1825) (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae). Primer registro para la provincia de Jujuy (República Argentina). Cuadernos de Herpetología 27 (2): - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
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  • Culzzoni, Mercedes;Alvarez, Blanca Beatriz 1996. Geographic Distribution. Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalskyi. Herpetological Review 27 (4): 211 - get paper here
  • Domingos, Fabricius M. C. B.; Ísis C. Arantes, Renan J. Bosque, Marcella G. Santos 2017. Nesting in the lizard Phyllopezus pollicaris (Squamata: Phyllodactylidae) and a phylogenetic perspective on communal nesting in the family Phyllomedusa 16 (2): 255-267 - get paper here
  • Feio, R.N. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Contribuição ao conhecimento da herpetofauna do nordeste do estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Phyllomedusa 1 (2): 105-111 [2002] - get paper here
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  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes 2018. Herpetofauna from Serra da Jibóia, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 59-72 - get paper here
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  • Gans, C. 1960. Notes on a herpetological collecting trip through the southeastern lowlands of Bolivia. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 35 (13): 288-314.
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