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Phyllopezus pollicaris (SPIX, 1825)

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesPhyllopezus pollicaris przewalskyi KOSLOWSKY 1895
Phyllopezus pollicaris pollicaris (SPIX 1825) 
Common NamesBrazilian Gecko 
SynonymThecadactylus pollicaris SPIX 1825
Phyllopezus goyazensis PETERS 1878: 415 (fide BAUER et al. 1995)
Phyllopezus goyazensis — BOULENGER 1885: 145
Platydactylus Spixii SCHLEGEL in MÜLLER & BRONGERSMA 1933
Phyllopezus pollicaris — RODRIGUES 1986
Phyllopezus pollicaris — BAUER 2013 (plates)

Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalskyi KOSLOWSKY 1895
Phyllopezus przewalskii KOSLOWSKY 1895: 371
Phyllopezus goyazensis PERACCA 1895 (nec PETERS 1877)
Phyllopezus goyazensis - GRIFFIN 1933 (partim)
Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalskyi - VANZOLINI 1952
Phyllopezus przewalskii — GALLARDO 1966: 16
Phyllopezus przewalskii — GALLARDO 1972
Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalskyi - CEI 1993
Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalskii — RÖSLER 1995: 147
Phyllopezus goyazensis — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Phyllopezus pollicaris — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Phyllopezus pollicaris przewaskii [sic] — RÖSLER 2000: 105
Phyllopezus goyazensis — LANGSTROTH 2005
Phyllopezus przewalskii — COSTA & BÉRNILS 2015 
DistributionBrazil (Goias, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Maranhao, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Ceará, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte), Paraguay (Paraguari [HR 27: 211]), Bolivia (goyazensis: Santa Cruz, Tarija; pollicaris: Santa Cruz, Tarija; fide DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999), Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco, Santiago del Estero, Formosa [HR 27: 211], Jujuy)

goyazensis: Bolivia

pollicaris: NE Brazil; Type locality: Bahia interior.

przewalskyi: Argentina, Brazil

Type locality: “Goyaz (Brasilien)” [Phyllopezus goyazensis PETERS 1877] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 9079 [Phyllopezus goyazensis PETERS 1877] 
CommentTaxonomy: Gamble et al. 2011 found different lineages within P. pollicaris, which may be valid species. They also suggested that P. p. przewalskii is a valid (evolutionary) species; however, they refrained from formally elevating it as this action would make pollicaris paraphyletic, requiring the establishment of additional species which are currently not well diagnosed.

Type species: Phyllopezus goyazensis PETERS 1878 is the type species of the genus Phyllopezus PETERS 1878. 
References
  • Bauer, A.M. 2013. Geckos - The Animal Answer Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press, 159 pp.
  • Borges-Nojosa, D. M. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Composição e análise comparativa da diversidade e das afinidades biogeográficas dos lagartos e anfisbenídeos (Squamata) dos brejos nordestinos. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Burgos Gallardo, Freddy 2013. El Ututo chaqueño Phyllopezus pollicaris (Spix 1825) (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae). Primer registro para la provincia de Jujuy (República Argentina). Cuadernos de Herpetología 27 (2): - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Cavalcanti, L.B.Q.; T.B. Costa; G.R. Colli; G.C. Costa; F.G.R. França; D.O. Mesquita; C.K.S. Palmeira; N. Pelegrin; A.H.B. Soares; D.B. Tucker; A.A. Garda 2014. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga II: Serra da Capivara National Park, Piauí, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 18-27 - get paper here
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  • Couto-Ferreira, Danilo; Moacir Santos Tinôco, Magno Lima Travassos de Oliveira, Henrique Colombini Browne-Ribeiro, Cecil Pergentino Fazolato, Ricardo Marques da Silva, Gilvana Santos Barreto & Marcelo Alves Dias 2011. Restinga lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) at the Imbassaí Preserve on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (8): 1990–2000 - get paper here
  • Cruz, Félix B.;Scrocchi, Gustavo J.;Lavilla, Esteban O. 1994. Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalski (ututo macho). Argentina: Salta. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 161 - get paper here
  • Culzzoni, Mercedes;Alvarez, Blanca Beatriz 1996. Geographic Distribution. Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalskyi. Herpetological Review 27 (4): 211 - get paper here
  • Domingos, Fabricius M. C. B.; Ísis C. Arantes, Renan J. Bosque, Marcella G. Santos 2017. Nesting in the lizard Phyllopezus pollicaris (Squamata: Phyllodactylidae) and a phylogenetic perspective on communal nesting in the family Phyllomedusa 16 (2): 255-267 - get paper here
  • Feio, R.N. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Contribuição ao conhecimento da herpetofauna do nordeste do estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Phyllomedusa 1 (2): 105-111 [2002] - get paper here
  • Filadelfo, T., Soeiro, M., Coelho, D.P. & Hamdan, B. 2017. Phyllopezus pollicaris (Brazilian Gecko) Tail bifurcation. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 656.
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes 2018. Herpetofauna from Serra da Jibóia, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Gallardo, J.M. 1972. Composicion faunistica de los saurios de la Provincia de la Pampa, Republica Argentina. Neotropica 17 (52): 44-48
  • Gallardo, Jose M. 1966. Liolaemus lentus nov. Sp. (Iguanidae) de la Pampa y Algunas observaciones sobre los saurios de picha provincia Argentina y del oeste de Buenos Aires. Neotropica 12 (37): 15-29
  • Gamble, Tony; Guarino R. Colli, Miguel T. Rodrigues, Fernanda P. Werneck, Andrew M. Simons 2011. Phylogeny and cryptic diversity in geckos (Phyllopezus; Phyllodactylidae; Gekkota) from South America’s open biomes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.11.033 - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 1960. Notes on a herpetological collecting trip through the southeastern lowlands of Bolivia. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 35 (13): 288-314.
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • Gomides, Samuel Campos and Paulo Christiano De Anchietta Garcia. 2014. Phyllopezus pollicaris (Brazilian gecko, lagartixa) hatchling size/behavior. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 330-331
  • Griffin, L. E. 1917. A list of the South American lizards of the Carnegie Museum, with descriptions of four new species. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 11: 304-320. - get paper here
  • Hellmich, Walter 1960. Die Sauria des Gran Chaco und seiner Randgebiete. Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse (101): 1-131
  • Kacoliris F.P.; Berkunsky I. & Williams J. 2006. Herpetofauna of Impenetrable, Argentinean Great Chaco. Phyllomedusa 5 (2): 149-158 - get paper here
  • Koslowsky, J. 1895. Un nuevo geco de Matto Grosso. Revista del Museo de La Plata, 6 [1894]: 371-373 - get paper here
  • Langstroth, R.P. 2005. Adiciones probables y confirmadas para la saurofauna boliviana. Kempffiana 1 (1): 101-128
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  • Müller, Lorenz; Brongersma, L. D. 1933. Ueber die identität von Thecadactylus pollicaris Spix 1825 mit Phyllopezus goyazensis Peters 1877. Zoologische Mededelingen 15 (3-4): 156-161 - get paper here
  • Peracca, M. G. 1897. Rettili e Anfibi. Viaggio del Dott. Alfredo Borelli nel Chaco boliviano e nella Repubblica Argentina. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino, 12 (274): 1-19.
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  • Recoder, Renato; Mauro Teixeira Junior, Agustín Camacho and Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues. 2012. Natural history of the tropical gecko Phyllopezus pollicaris (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae) from a sandstone outcrop in Central Brazil. Herpetology Notes 6: 49-58. - get paper here
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  • Rodrigues M T 1986. Uma nova espece do genero Phyllopezus de Cabaceiras: Paraiba: Brasil; com comentarios sobre a fauna de lagartos da area (Sauria Gekkonidae). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 36(20) 1986: 237-250
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  • Spix, J. B. von 1825. Animalia nova sive species nova lacertarum quas in itinere per Brasiliam annis MDCCCXVII-MDCCCXX jussu et auspicius Maximiliani Josephi I Bavariae Regis suscepto collegit et descripsit Dr. J. B. de Spix. Lipsiae: T. O. Weigel; F. S. Hübschmanni, Monachii, 26 pp.
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