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Phyllopezus pollicaris (SPIX, 1825)

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesPhyllopezus pollicaris przewalskyi KOSLOWSKY 1895
Phyllopezus pollicaris pollicaris (SPIX 1825) 
Common NamesBrazilian Gecko 
SynonymThecadactylus pollicaris SPIX 1825
Phyllopezus goyazensis PETERS 1878: 415 (fide BAUER et al. 1995)
Phyllopezus goyazensis — BOULENGER 1885: 145
Platydactylus Spixii SCHLEGEL in MÜLLER & BRONGERSMA 1933
Phyllopezus pollicaris — RODRIGUES 1986
Phyllopezus pollicaris — BAUER 2013 (plates)

Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalskyi KOSLOWSKY 1895
Phyllopezus przewalskii KOSLOWSKY 1895: 371
Phyllopezus goyazensis PERACCA 1895 (nec PETERS 1877)
Phyllopezus goyazensis - GRIFFIN 1933 (partim)
Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalskyi - VANZOLINI 1952
Phyllopezus przewalskii — GALLARDO 1966: 16
Phyllopezus przewalskii — GALLARDO 1972
Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalskyi - CEI 1993
Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalskii — RÖSLER 1995: 147
Phyllopezus goyazensis — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Phyllopezus pollicaris — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Phyllopezus pollicaris przewaskii [sic] — RÖSLER 2000: 105
Phyllopezus goyazensis — LANGSTROTH 2005
Phyllopezus przewalskii — COSTA & BÉRNILS 2015 
DistributionBrazil (Goias, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Maranhao, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Ceará, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte), Paraguay (Paraguari [HR 27: 211]), Bolivia (goyazensis: Santa Cruz, Tarija; pollicaris: Santa Cruz, Tarija; fide DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999), Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco, Santiago del Estero, Formosa [HR 27: 211], Jujuy)

goyazensis: Bolivia

pollicaris: NE Brazil; Type locality: Bahia interior.

przewalskyi: Argentina, Brazil

Type locality: “Goyaz (Brasilien)” [Phyllopezus goyazensis PETERS 1877] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 9079 [Phyllopezus goyazensis PETERS 1877] 
CommentTaxonomy: Gamble et al. 2011 found different lineages within P. pollicaris, which may be valid species. They also suggested that P. p. przewalskii is a valid (evolutionary) species; however, they refrained from formally elevating it as this action would make pollicaris paraphyletic, requiring the establishment of additional species which are currently not well diagnosed.

Type species: Phyllopezus goyazensis PETERS 1878 is the type species of the genus Phyllopezus PETERS 1878. 
References
  • Bauer, A.M. 2013. Geckos - The Animal Answer Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press, 159 pp.
  • Borges-Nojosa, D. M. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Composição e análise comparativa da diversidade e das afinidades biogeográficas dos lagartos e anfisbenídeos (Squamata) dos brejos nordestinos. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Burgos Gallardo, Freddy 2013. El Ututo chaqueño Phyllopezus pollicaris (Spix 1825) (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae). Primer registro para la provincia de Jujuy (República Argentina). Cuadernos de Herpetología 27 (2): - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Cavalcanti, L.B.Q.; T.B. Costa; G.R. Colli; G.C. Costa; F.G.R. França; D.O. Mesquita; C.K.S. Palmeira; N. Pelegrin; A.H.B. Soares; D.B. Tucker; A.A. Garda 2014. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga II: Serra da Capivara National Park, Piauí, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Costa, Henrique Caldeira & Renato Silveira Bérnils 2015. Répteis brasileiros: lista de espécies 2015 Herpetologia Brasileira 4 (3): 75-93
  • Couto-Ferreira, Danilo; Moacir Santos Tinôco, Magno Lima Travassos de Oliveira, Henrique Colombini Browne-Ribeiro, Cecil Pergentino Fazolato, Ricardo Marques da Silva, Gilvana Santos Barreto & Marcelo Alves Dias 2011. Restinga lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) at the Imbassaí Preserve on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (8): 1990–2000 - get paper here
  • Cruz, Félix B.;Scrocchi, Gustavo J.;Lavilla, Esteban O. 1994. Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalski (ututo macho). Argentina: Salta. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 161 - get paper here
  • Culzzoni, Mercedes;Alvarez, Blanca Beatriz 1996. Geographic Distribution. Phyllopezus pollicaris przewalskyi. Herpetological Review 27 (4): 211 - get paper here
  • Feio, R.N. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Contribuição ao conhecimento da herpetofauna do nordeste do estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Phyllomedusa 1 (2): 105-111 [2002] - get paper here
  • Filadelfo, T., Soeiro, M., Coelho, D.P. & Hamdan, B. 2017. Phyllopezus pollicaris (Brazilian Gecko) Tail bifurcation. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 656.
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Gallardo, J.M. 1972. Composicion faunistica de los saurios de la Provincia de la Pampa, Republica Argentina. Neotropica 17 (52): 44-48
  • Gallardo, Jose M. 1966. Liolaemus lentus nov. Sp. (Iguanidae) de la Pampa y Algunas observaciones sobre los saurios de picha provincia Argentina y del oeste de Buenos Aires. Neotropica 12 (37): 15-29
  • Gamble, Tony; Guarino R. Colli, Miguel T. Rodrigues, Fernanda P. Werneck, Andrew M. Simons 2011. Phylogeny and cryptic diversity in geckos (Phyllopezus; Phyllodactylidae; Gekkota) from South America’s open biomes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.11.033 - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 1960. Notes on a herpetological collecting trip through the southeastern lowlands of Bolivia. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 35 (13): 288-314.
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • Gomides, Samuel Campos and Paulo Christiano De Anchietta Garcia. 2014. Phyllopezus pollicaris (Brazilian gecko, lagartixa) hatchling size/behavior. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 330-331
  • Griffin, L. E. 1917. A list of the South American lizards of the Carnegie Museum, with descriptions of four new species. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 11: 304-320. - get paper here
  • Hellmich, Walter 1960. Die Sauria des Gran Chaco und seiner Randgebiete. Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse (101): 1-131
  • Kacoliris F.P.; Berkunsky I. & Williams J. 2006. Herpetofauna of Impenetrable, Argentinean Great Chaco. Phyllomedusa 5 (2): 149-158 - get paper here
  • Koslowsky, J. 1895. Un nuevo geco de Matto Grosso. Revista del Museo de La Plata, 6 [1894]: 371-373 - get paper here
  • Langstroth, R.P. 2005. Adiciones probables y confirmadas para la saurofauna boliviana. Kempffiana 1 (1): 101-128
  • Müller, Lorenz; Brongersma, L. D. 1933. Ueber die identität von Thecadactylus pollicaris Spix 1825 mit Phyllopezus goyazensis Peters 1877. Zoologische Mededelingen 15 (3-4): 156-161 - get paper here
  • Peracca, M. G. 1897. Rettili e Anfibi. Viaggio del Dott. Alfredo Borelli nel Chaco boliviano e nella Repubblica Argentina. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino, 12 (274): 1-19.
  • Peters, W. 1878. Herpetologische Notizen. II. Bemerkungen über neue oder weniger bekannte Amphibien. Monatsberichte der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1877: 415-423 - get paper here
  • Recoder, Renato; Mauro Teixeira Junior, Agustín Camacho and Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues. 2012. Natural history of the tropical gecko Phyllopezus pollicaris (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae) from a sandstone outcrop in Central Brazil. Herpetology Notes 6: 49-58. - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. 2015. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. II. Gekkonidae, Phyllodactylidae, Sphaerodactylidae. Zootaxa 3981 (1): 001–055
  • Righi, Alexandre F.; Luciana B. Nascimento, and Conrado A. B. Galdino 2012. Seasonal Reproduction in the Rock Gecko Phyllopezus pollicaris from a Rock Field Habitat in Southeastern Brazil. Journal of Herpetology 46 (4): 632-636. - get paper here
  • Rodrigues M T 1986. Uma nova espece do genero Phyllopezus de Cabaceiras: Paraiba: Brasil; com comentarios sobre a fauna de lagartos da area (Sauria Gekkonidae). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 36(20) 1986: 237-250
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
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  • Santos Caldas, Francis Luiz; Taís Borges Costa, Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, Adrian Antonio Garda 2016. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga V: Seridó Ecological Station (Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil) Check List 12 (4): DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15560/12.4.1929 - get paper here
  • Spix, J. B. von 1825. Animalia nova sive species nova lacertarum quas in itinere per Brasiliam annis MDCCCXVII-MDCCCXX jussu et auspicius Maximiliani Josephi I Bavariae Regis suscepto collegit et descripsit Dr. J. B. de Spix. Lipsiae: T. O. Weigel; F. S. Hübschmanni, Monachii, 26 pp.
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