You are here » home advanced search Phyllorhynchus decurtatus

Phyllorhynchus decurtatus (COPE, 1868)

IUCN Red List - Phyllorhynchus decurtatus - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Phyllorhynchus decurtatus?

Add your own observation of
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Spotted Leafnose Snake
G: Gefleckte Blattnasennatter 
SynonymPhimothyra decurtata COPE 1868: 310
Salvadora decurtata — GARMAN 1884: 39
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus — STEJNEGER 1890: 154
Lytorhynchus decurtatus — BOULENGER 1893: 417
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus — STEBBINS 1985: 177
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus perkinsi KLAUBER 1935
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus nubilus KLAUBER 1940
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus nubilis — BOGERT & OLIVER 1945: 350 (in error)
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus norrisi SMITH & LANGEBARTEL 1951: 181
Phyllorhynchus arenicola SAVAGE & CLIFF 1954: 69
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus porelli POWERS & BANTA 1974: 241
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus porelloi — SMITH & SMITH 1976: 13 (nom. emend.)
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus arenicola — MURPHY & OTTLEY 1980
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus arenicolus — MCLEARY & MCDIARMID 1993
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus decurtatus — MCLEARY & MCDIARMID 1993
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus norrisi — MCCLEARY & MCDIARMID 1993
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus nubilus — MCCLEARY & MCDIARMID 1993
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus perkinsi — MCCLEARY & MCDIARMID 1993
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus — LINER 1994
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus — GRISMER 1999: 460
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus — CROTHER et al. 2012
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 560 
DistributionUSA (SE California, S Nevada, SW Arizona),
Mexico (Baja California, Sonora, W Sinaloa)

arenicolus: Isla Montserrate in the Gulf of California, Mexico; Type locality: the shouthwest coast of Isla Montserrate, Gulf of California, Mexico”;

decurtatus: Mexico (Baja California), Type locality: “upper part of Lower California”; restricted to “San Fernando Misíon (between San Ignacio and)” [nothing following the “and”]

norrisi: Mexico (Sonora); Type locality: Mexico: 45.1 mi S Santa Ana, Sonora;

nubilus: USA (Arizona); Type locality: “Xavier (Weisner’s Ranch), Pima County, Arizona”.

perkinsi: USA (California); Type locality: “Dry Lake, San Diego County, California”  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: ANSP 5489 (decurtatus)
Holotype: SDSNH 32493; paratypes SDSNH [nubilus]
Holotype: SDSNH 23757 [perkinsi]
Holotype: CAS-SUR 14013 [arenicolus]
Holotype: UIMNH 23887, D. A. Langebartel and R. Abbuhl; July 3, 1951 [norrisi] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSubspecies: Traditionally, 5 subspecies are recognized. However, GRISMER 1999 discusses the status of arenicolus and synonymizes it with decurtatus. McDiarmid and McCleary (1993) listed five subspecies but were skeptial about their validity. CROTHER (2000) followed this opinion. GARDNER & MENDELSON 2004 showed that variation in this species is not consistent with subspecific distinction and therefore rejected subspecies. 
Etymology 
References
  • Atsatt, S. R. 1923. Behavior of the leaf-nosed snake, Phyllorhynchus decurtatus. Univ. California Publ. Zool. 21 (9): 303-312
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Brattstrom, Baynard H. 1953. Notes on a population of leaf-nosed snakes Phyllorhynchus decurtatus perkinsi. Herpetologica 9 (2): 57-64 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1868. Sixth contribution to the herpetology of Tropical America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 20: 305-313 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Gardner, S.A. & Mendelson III, J.R. 2004. Taxonomy and geographic variation in the leaf-nosed Snake Phyllorhynchus decurtatus (Squamata: Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology 38 (2): 187-196 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 1999. An evolutionary classification of reptiles on islands in the Gulf of California, México. Herpetologica 55 (4): 446-469 - get paper here
  • Hardy, L.M., & McDiarmid, R.W. 1969. The amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 18 (3): 39-252. - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Jones, K.B.; Abbas, D.R. & Bergstedt, T. 1981. Herpetological records from Central and Northeastern Arizona. Herpetological Review 12 (1): 16 - get paper here
  • Klauber, L. M. 1935. Phyllorhynchus, the leaf-nosed snake. Bulletins of the Zoological Society of San Diego (12): 1-27
  • Klauber,L.M. 1940. Two new subspecies of Phyllorhynchus, the leaf-nosed snake, with notes on the genus. Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 9, (20): 195-214 - get paper here
  • Kunz, K. 2015. Dauerbrenner im Terrarium: Nattern Reptilia (Münster) 20 (115): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Banta, Benjamin H. 1964. Midwinter reconnaissance of the herpetofauna of the Cape Region of Baja California, Mexico. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 30 (7): 127-156 - get paper here
  • McCleary R J R; McDiarmid R W 1993. Phyllorhynchus decurtatus (Cope), spotted leaf-nosed snake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 580: 1-7 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid R W; McCleary R J R 1993. Phyllorhynchus Stejneger, leaf-nosed snakes. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 579: 1-5 - get paper here
  • Murphy, R. W.; Ottley, J. R. 1980. A genetic evaluation of the leafnose snake, Phyllorhynchus arenicolus. Journal of Herpetology 14 (3): 263-268 - get paper here
  • Nevárez-de los Reyes; Manuel, David Lazcano, Javier Banda-Leal and Ian Recchio 2014. Notes on Mexican Herpetofauna 22: Herpetofauna of the Continental Portion of theMunicipality of Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 49(8):105-115 - get paper here
  • Savage, Jay M.; Cliff, Frank S. 1954. A new snake, Phyllorhynchus arenicola, from the Gulf of California, Mexico. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 67: 69-76 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. & Taylor, Edward H. 1950. Type localities of Mexican reptiles and amphibians. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (8): 313-380 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.; Langebartel, Dave A. 1951. A new geographic race of leaf-nosed snake from Sonora, Mexico. Herpetologica 7: 181-184 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Taylor, Edward Harrison 1938. Notes on the herpetological fauna of the Mexican state of Sonora. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 24 (19): 475-503 [1936] - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh,J. 1895. A review of the herpetology of Lower California. Part I - Reptiles. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (2) 5: 77-163 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator