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Phymaturus querque LOBO, ABDALA & VALDECANTOS, 2010

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymPhymaturus querque LOBO, ABDALA & VALDECANTOS 2010 
DistributionArgentina (Neuquén)

Type locality: Laguna Blanca, Laguna Blanca national park, Zapala department, Neuquén province, Argentina.  
Reproductionvivparous 
TypesHolotype: FML 21556 (fig. 12). c. abdala, s. Quinteros, g. scrocchi, J. c. stazzonelli col. 11/18/2007. 
CommentDiagnosis: Phymaturus querque n. sp. belongs to the palluma group because it has short non imbricate superciliaries, rugose dorsal scales on tail, usually fragmented subocular and undifferentiated chinshields. Phymaturus querque differs from all members of the “puna clade” because it lacks the spray pattern typical of those species. species morphologically closest to Phymaturus querque are Phymaturus roigorum and Phymaturus dorsimaculatus. unlike P. roigorum, males of P. querque exhibit yellow color on flanks, shoulders and fore limbs while in P. roigorum this color is restricted to the tail. female of P. querque has a reticulate but diffuse dorsal pattern while in P. roigorum its pattern is more conspicuous, and in most of them exhibits a typical ocellate pattern (figs. 12 and 13 in Lobo et al. 2010). female of P. querque shows a scapular pattern formed by vertical bars similar to the pattern present in P. dorsimaculatus but absent in P. roigorum. males of P. querque do not exhibit a melanic throat, while in P. dorsimaculatus it is common in adult males. females of P. dorsimaculatus exhibit a typical pattern formed by black bars on their anterior flanks and along their dorsum a chain of paravertebral irregularly shaped black spots connected between the level of neck and hindlimbs (absent in females of P. querque). P. querque exhibit fewer scales around midbody (= 205.3; sd: 11.8; P. dorsimaculatus: 233.1; sd: 16.7). 
Etymologythe word querque means “lizard” in the mapuche language (original inhabitants from southwestern of argentine and southeastern chile). 
References
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • Lobo, Fernando; Cristian Abdala and Soledad Valdecantos 2010. Taxonomic Studies of the Genus Phymaturus (Iguania: Liolaemidae): Description of Four New Species. South American J. Herp. 5 (2):102-126 - get paper here
  • LOBO, FERNANDO; CRISTIAN ABDALA & SOLEDAD VALDECANTOS 2012. Morphological diversity and phylogenetic relationships within a South-American clade of iguanian lizards (Liolaemidae: Phymaturus). Zootaxa 3315: 1–41 - get paper here
  • Lobo, Fernando; Santiago Javier Nenda 2015. Discovery of two new species of Phymaturus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) from Patagonia, Argentina, and occurrence of melanism in the patagonicus group. Cuad. herpetol. 29 (1): 5-25
 
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