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Phymaturus videlai SCOLARO & PINCHEIRA-DONOSO, 2010

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesEnglish: Videla rockys’ lizard
Spanish: Lagarto de Videla 
SynonymPhymaturus videlai SCOLARO & PINCHEIRA-DONOSO 2010 
DistributionArgentina (Chubut)

Type locality: rocky outcrops (700 elevation), near Buen Pasto town, at about 85 km northwest of Sarmiento (45°04'11"S, 69°25'25"W), Chubut Province, Argentina.  
Reproductionvivparous 
TypesHolotype: MLP R.5438, adult male. Collected by J.A. Scolaro and O.F. Tappari, 15 November 2008. Paratypes: MLP-R. 5439, adult female; MLP-R. 5440, juvenile female; JAS-DC 1149, adult male; JAS-DC 1146 adult male; JAS-DC 1150, adult female and JAS-DC 1199, juvenile female. All specimens have the same data of collection as the holotype. 
CommentThis species belongs to the patagonicus group (fide LOBO et al. 2010).

Diagnosis. As in many other species of the patagonicus clade, Phymaturus videlai can be distinguished from other species of this lineage by features of the colour pattern and the geographical distribution (Figs. 1– 4). The coloration of this species is characterized by irregular and small blackish spots spread over the dorsal surface, whose fusion results in a peculiar pattern. This pattern exhibits moderate sexual differences that, remarkably, can also be observed among juveniles, which suggests that sexual dichromatism might not necessarily be a secondary sexual trait in this species. From most species of the patagonicus clade, except P. castillentis, P. indistictus and P. patagonicus, P. videlai is strongly isolated geographically, as shown in map of figure 3. From these three geographically related species, P. videlai can be distinguished by the coloration features described below (Figs. 1, 2, 4), and by divergence in morphological traits detailed in the first part of the results section above. The species is a member of the patagonicus group of the genus. 
EtymologyThe species is named after Argentinean herpetologist Fernando Videla, who, for many years, accompanied José M. Cei in the field. They both conducted field research in several previously unexplored regions of the Argentinean Andes. As a result, he has made important contributions to the knowledge and diffusion of the herpetofauna of Argentina. 
References
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; CRISTIAN HERNAN FULVIO PEREZ, DANIEL ROBERTO PEREZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2011. Two new mountain lizard species of the Phymaturus genus (Squamata: Iguania) from northwestern Patagonia, Argentina. Zootaxa 2924: 1–21 - get paper here
  • Avila, Luciano Javier; Cristian Hernan Fulvio Perez, IGNACIO MINOLI & Mariana Morando 2014. A new lizard of the Phymaturus genus (Squamata: Liolaemidae) from Sierra Grande, northeastern Patagonia, Argentina. Zootaxa 3793 (1): 099–118 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • Corbalán, Valeria; Guillermo Deband , José Alejandro Scolaro , and Agustina Ojeda 2016. DNA Barcoding of Phymaturus Lizards Reveals Conflicts in Species Delimitation within the Patagonicus Clade Journal of Herpetology - get paper here
  • Lobo, Fernando; Cristian Abdala and Soledad Valdecantos 2010. Taxonomic Studies of the Genus Phymaturus (Iguania: Liolaemidae): Description of Four New Species. South American J. Herp. 5 (2):102-126 - get paper here
  • LOBO, FERNANDO; CRISTIAN ABDALA & SOLEDAD VALDECANTOS 2012. Morphological diversity and phylogenetic relationships within a South-American clade of iguanian lizards (Liolaemidae: Phymaturus). Zootaxa 3315: 1–41 - get paper here
  • Minoli I, Morando M, Avila LJ 2015. Reptiles of Chubut province, Argentina: richness, diversity, conservation status and geographic distribution maps. ZooKeys 498: 103-126. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.498.7476 - get paper here
  • Scolaro, J.A. & Pincheira-Donoso, D. 2010. Lizards at the end of the world: Two new species of Phymaturus of the patagonicus clade (Squamata, Liolaemidae) revealed in southern Patagonia of Argentina. Zootaxa 2393: 17–32 - get paper here
 
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