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Pituophis deppei (DUMÉRIL, 1853)

IUCN Red List - Pituophis deppei - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesPituophis deppei deppei (DUMÉRIL 1853)
Pituophis deppei jani (COPE 1861) 
Common NamesMexican Bull Snake, Mexican Pine Snake 
SynonymElaphis deppei DUMÉRIL 1853: 453
Elaphis Deppei — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 268
Elaphis pleurostictus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 244
Coluber deppii — BOULENGER 1894: 66
Pityophis Deppei — DUGÈS 1898: 40
Pituophis deppei deppei — WEBB 1984
Pituophis deppei — LINER 1994
Pituophis deppei deppei — LINER 2007
Pituophis deppei — WALLACH et al. 2014: 561

Pituophis deppei jani (COPE 1861)
Arizona jani COPE 1861
Pituophis deppei jani — SMITH 1944
Pituophis deppei jani — TAYLOR 1949: 200
Pituophis deppei jani — LINER 1994
Pituophis deppei jani — LINER 2007 
DistributionMexico (Jalisco, Morelos, Nuevo León, Hidalgo, Coahuila, Aguascalientes, Quéretaro, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Oaxaca, Sonora, Guanajuato, Nayarit, Jalisco)

deppei: Mexico (Jalisco, Durango, Coahuila); Type locality: "Mexico"; restricted to San Juan Teotihuacán, state of México, by Smith and Taylor (1950: 334).

jani: Mexico (Nuevo León, Hidalgo, Coahuila); Type locality: Buenavista, Coahuila. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesType: RMNH, Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Histoire, Leiden
Type: United States National Museum, No. 1522 [jani] 
CommentDistribution map in Rodríguez-Robles & De Jesús-Escobar (2000).

Subspecies: Dixon et al. (1962) questioned the validity of the two subspecies of P. deppei (P. d. deppei and P. d. jani), whereas Conant (1965) suggested that intergradation or introgression occurred between P. deppei and P. m. affinis in northern Mexico, perhaps implying that P. deppei was not a valid species, a suggestion with which Morafka (1977) agreed. SCHMIDT 1933 ddescribed Pituophis deppei brevilineata from Michoacan whose status is currently unknown as recent authors do not mention this form any more (e.g. LINER 2007).

Diagnosis.—This subspecies is characterized by the presence of solid body-blotches and lateral intercalary spots, dorsal interspaces less than five scales in length, and the absence of paired stripes or rows of blotches, on the anterior part of the body. There are 209 to 232 ventrals and 52 to 62 caudals. The body-blotches number 27 to 49. In adults the anterior and posterior body-blotches are black; the lateral intercalary spots are solid black. In many individuals black dashes connect the adjacent corners of the dorsal body-blotches (Pl. 45, Fig. 1). In juveniles the anterior, dorsal body-blotches are black, whereas those at the midbody and posteriorly are brown [from DUELLMAN 1960].

Diagnosis (jani): This subspecies is characterized by solid body-blotches that are black anteriorly and brown posteriorly, anterior dorsal interspaces six or more scales in length, and the absence of dark stripes or rows of spots on the anterior part of the body. There are 215 to 235 ventrals, 52 to 68 caudals, and 21 to 31 dorsal body-blotches. The position of the lateral intercalary spots and lateral streaks are the same as in deppei deppei [from DUELLMAN 1960]. 
EtymologyNamed after one of the collectors, Ferdinand Deppe. P. d. jani is named after Giorgio Jan, another European herpetologist. 
References
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Bryson Jr, Robert W.; Uri Omar García-Vázquez and Brett R. Riddle 2011. Phylogeography of Middle American gophersnakes: mixed responses to biogeographical barriers across the Mexican Transition Zone. Journal of Biogeography 38: 1570–1584
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Conant, R. 1965. Miscellaneous notes and comments on toads, lizards and snakes from México. American Museum Novitates 2205: 1-38 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Notes and descriptions of new and little-known species of American reptiles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12: 339-345 [1860] - get paper here
  • Cruz-Sáenz, D., F. J. Muñoz-Nolasco, V. Mata-Silva, J. D. Johnson, E. García-Padilla, and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The herpetofauna of Jalisco, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(1): 23–118 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Dixon, James R.;Sabbath, Mike;Worthington, Richard 1962. Comments on snakes from Central and Western México. Herpetologica 18 (2): 91-100 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 1960. A taxonomic study of the middle American snake Pituophis deppei. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 10: 599-610. - get paper here
  • Dugès, A. 1898. El carácter en los animales. La Naturaleza, (2)3: 39-42 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Duméril, ANDRÉ MARIE CONSTANT 1853. Prodrome de la classifcation des reptiles ophidiens. Mém. Acad. Sci., Paris, 23: 399-536 - get paper here
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo, David R. Aguillón-Gutiérrez, Sharon Yedid Valdez-Rentería, Juan Alfonso Hernández-Melo, Cristian Raùl Olvera Olvera, Francisco Javier Callejas-Jiménez, Melisa Hernández-Ramos, José Carlos Iturbe-Morgado, Ferdinand Torres- 2016. First records for amphibians and reptiles from the municipality of Atotonilco el Grande, Hidalgo, México. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 91-93
  • Fugler, Charles M.;Webb, Robert G. 1956. Distributional notes on some reptiles and amphibians from southern and central Coahuila. Herpetologica 12: 167-171 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hirschkorn, D. & Skubowius, B. 2011. Bullennattern, Gophernattern, Kiefernnattern - Die Gattung Pituophis. Natur und Tier-Verlag (NTV), Münster, 176 pp. [review in Reptilia 16 (91): 85] - get paper here
  • Kardon, Alan 1995. Treasure of the Sierra Madre Orientals: the northern Mexican pine snake Pituophis deppei jani. Vivarium 7 (1): 18-21
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Leyte-Manrique, Adrian; Efrén M. Hernández Navarro y Luis A. Escobedo-Morales 2015. Herpetofauna de Guanajuato: Un análisis histórico y contemporáneo de su conocimiento Revista Mexicana de Herpetología 1(1): 1–14 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Loc-Barragán, Jesús Alberto and Iván Trinidad Ahumada-Carrillo. 2016. Distribution Notes. Pituophis deppei (Duméril, 1853). Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 190 - get paper here
  • Lutterschmidt, William I. 2013. REPTILES IN RESEARCH: INVESTIGATIONS OF ECOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY, AND BEHAVIOR FROM DESERT TO SEA. Nova Science, New York, 527 pp. - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McCranie, J.R. & Wilson, L.D. 2001. The herpetofauna of the Mexican State of Aguascalientes. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 230: 1-57
  • McDiarmid, Roy W. 1963. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from the highland faunal assemblage of western Mexico. Contributions in Science (68): 1-15
  • Morafka, D.J. 1977. Biogeographical Analysis of the Chihuahuan Desert Through its Herpetofauna. Junk, The Hague
  • Pyron, R.Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2009. Neogene diversification and taxonomic stability in the snake tribe Lampropeltini (Serpentes: Colubridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52 (2): 524-529 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez-Robles,J.A. & De Jesús-Escobar,J.M. 2000. Molecular Systematics of New World Gopher, Bull, and Pinesnakes (Pituophis: Colubridae), a transcontinental Species Complex. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 14 (1): 35-50 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P.;Shannon, Frederick A. 1947. Notes on amphibians and reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 31 (9): 63-85
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1944. Snakes of the Hoogstraal Expeditions to northern Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 29 (8): 135-152 - get paper here
  • Stull, Olive Griffith 1940. Variations and relationships in the snakes of the genus Pituophis. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (175): 1-225 - get paper here
  • Stull, Olive Griffth 1932. An annotated list of the forms of the genus Pituophis. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (250): 1-5
  • Taylor,E.H. 1949. A preliminary account of the herpetology of the state of San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (2): 169-215 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
 
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