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Pituophis lineaticollis (COPE, 1861)

IUCN Red List - Pituophis lineaticollis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesPituophis lineaticollis gibsoni STUART 1954
Pituophis lineaticollis lineaticollis (COPE 1861) 
Common NamesE: Middle American Gopher Snake, Cincuate Bull Snake
G: Gestreifte Kiefernatter 
SynonymArizona lineaticollis COPE 1861: 300
Pituophis deppi pholidostictus JAN 1863 (fide HALLERMANN 2007)
Pituophis lineaticollis — GÜNTHER 1894: 124
Coluber lineaticollis — BOULENGER 1894: 64
Pituophis deppei brevilineata SCHMIDT & SHANNON 1947: 79
Pituophis lineaticollis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 247
Pituophis deppei - JOHNSON 1984 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Pituophis lineaticollis — LINER 1994
Pituophis lineaticollis lineaticollis — LINER 2007
Pituophis lineaticollis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 562

Pituophis lineaticollis gibsoni STUART 1954
Pituophis deppei gibsoni STUART 1954: 172
Pituophis lineaticollis gibsoni — DUELLMAN 1960: 608
Pituophis lineaticollis gibsoni — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 608
Pituophis lineaticollis gibsoni — KLUGE 1984
Pituophis lineaticollis gibsoni — LINER 2007 
DistributionSE Mexico (Michoacán, Jalisco [HR 35: 192]), Guatemala

brevilineata: Type locality: Tancítaro, 6000 ft., Michoacan, Mexico.

lineaticollis: Mexico (Michoacán, México, and Morelos, Guerrero, Oaxaca); Type locality: 24 kilometers northwest of Ciudad Oaxaca, Oaxaca [neotype locality].

gibsoni: Guatemala, Mexico (highlands of Chiapas); Type locality: Yepocapa, Chimaltenango, Guatemala. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ANSP 3548; Mexico
Neotype, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, UMMZ No. 114668 [lineaticollis]
Type.—University of Michigan Museum of Zoology UMMZ No. 107060 [gibsoni]
Syntypes: ZMB 1737, 1738 [pholidostictus] 
CommentSynonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970, Heimes 2016.

Diagnosis (lineaticollis): This subspecies is characterized by the presence of continuous dark paravertebral stripes on the anterior part of the body, and light-centered dorsal body-blotches and lateral intercalary spots (Pl. 45, Fig. 2). There are 229 to 258 ventrals, 54 to 72 caudals, and 23 to 45 dorsal body-blotches posterior to the neck-stripes. The young are colored like the adults [DUELLMAN 1960].

Diagnosis (gibsoni): This race is characterized by paired, elongated, pale-centered, paravertebral spots on the anterior part of the body. Posterior to the paired spots are 22 to 27 dorsal body-blotches; these and the lateral intercalary spots have pale centers. There are 234 to 246 ventrals and 57 to 65 caudals [DUELLMAN 1960]. 
References
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Bryson Jr, Robert W.; Uri Omar García-Vázquez and Brett R. Riddle 2011. Phylogeography of Middle American gophersnakes: mixed responses to biogeographical barriers across the Mexican Transition Zone. Journal of Biogeography 38: 1570–1584
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Contributions to the ophiology of Lower California, Mexico and Central America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 292-306 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 1960. A taxonomic study of the middle American snake Pituophis deppei. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 10: 599-610. - get paper here
  • Guerra Centeno, Dennis; Héctor Fuentes Rousselin & David Morán Villatoro 2012. Serpientes de Guatemala: Guía para didentificación de especies. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, 186 pp.
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2007. The status of problematic snake types of the Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Reptilia, Serpentes). Mitt. Mus. Nat.kd. Berl., Zool. Reihe 83 (2): 160–165
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hirschkorn, D. & Skubowius, B. 2011. Bullennattern, Gophernattern, Kiefernnattern - Die Gattung Pituophis. Natur und Tier-Verlag (NTV), Münster, 176 pp. [review in Reptilia 16 (91): 85] - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2009. Neogene diversification and taxonomic stability in the snake tribe Lampropeltini (Serpentes: Colubridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52 (2): 524-529 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez-Robles,J.A. & De Jesús-Escobar,J.M. 2000. Molecular Systematics of New World Gopher, Bull, and Pinesnakes (Pituophis: Colubridae), a transcontinental Species Complex. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 14 (1): 35-50 - get paper here
  • Skubowius, Bernd 2014. Bullige Schönheiten. Farb- und Zeichnungsformen bei Pituophis. Draco 16 (57): 40-47 - get paper here
  • Stuart,L.C. 1954. Descriptions of some new amphibians and reptiles from Guatemala. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 67: 159-178. - get paper here
  • Stull, Olive Griffith 1940. Variations and relationships in the snakes of the genus Pituophis. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (175): 1-225 - get paper here
  • Stull, Olive Griffth 1932. An annotated list of the forms of the genus Pituophis. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (250): 1-5
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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