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Platyceps ventromaculatus (GRAY, 1834)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesPlatyceps ventromaculatus ventromaculatus (GRAY 1834)
Platyceps ventromaculatus bengalensis (KHAN & KHAN 2000)
Platyceps ventromaculatus indusai (KHAN & KHAN 2000) 
Common NamesE: Hardwicke's Rat Snake, Glossy-bellied Racer
G: Gefleckte Zornnatter 
SynonymColuber ventromaculatus GRAY 1834: 80
Zamenis ventrimaculatus — GÜNTHER 1859: 223
? Zamenis ventrimaculatus — BOULENGER 1887: 408
Zamenis ventrimaculatus — BOULENGER 1893: 399
Zamenis ventrimaculatus BOULENGER 1920
Coluber ventrimaculatus CORKILL 1932
Coluber ventromaculatus — HAAS 1957: 79
Coluber ventromaculatus — MINTON 1966
Haemorrhois ventromaculatus
? Eremiophis ventromaculatus
Coluber ventromaculatus —SCHÄTTI & WILSON 1986
Coluber ventromaculatus — DAS 1996: 55
Platyceps ventromaculatus — SCHÄTTI & MONSCH 2004
Argyrogena ventromaculatus — SHARMA 2004
Coluber ventromaculatus — WHITAKER & CAPTAIN 2004
Platyceps ventromaculatus — NAGY et al. 2004
Coluber ventromaculatus — MURTHY 2010
Platyceps cf. ventromaculatus — SINDACO et al. 2014
Platyceps ventromaculatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 568 
DistributionSW Asia from N India (Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab [Dino Aulakh, pers. comm.]) to S Turkey, Pakistan, U.S.S.R., Afghanistan (LEVITON 1959: 461), Jordan (Disi 1993),
Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia (along the Arabian sea), United Arab Emirates (UAE)

bengalensis: Pakistan; Type locality: Bengal, description from fig 1 Plate 80 of Gray 1830-35.

indusai: Pakistan (Indus valley)

Type locality: Upper and lower Indus Valley. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype, BMNH 1946.1.11.42, female (T. Hardwicke)
Holotype: destroyed [bengalensis]
Holotype: not specified [indusai] 
CommentKHAN & KHAN (2000) didn’t specify any neotype for their new subspecies which are based on a figure in GRAY 1830. The status of these subspecies therefore remains uncertain (no holotype specified; no valid description after ICZN). BARABANOV (2002) indicated that the name C. v. bengalensis is not available and suggested the replacement name C. v. khanorum.

Type species: Coluber ventromaculatus GRAY 1834 is the type species of the genus Platyceps BLYTH 1860.

Distribution: See map in SCHÄTTI et al. 2014: 375. 
References
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  • Aspinall, Simon, and Drew Gardner. 2007. Snakes alive: Gray's Racer Snake Platyceps cf. ventromaculatus, (Gray 1834) Sensu Schatti and Schmitz 2006, on Sir Bani Yas and Dalma Islands. Tribulus: Journal of the Emirates Natural History Group 17:85-86 - get paper here
  • Baig, KJ, Masroor, R., and Arshad, M. 2008. Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 15 (3): 193-205 - get paper here
  • Baloucha, Sara; Muhammad Raisb, Iftikhar Hussainc, Ayesha Akramd 2016. Squamate diversity in different croplands of District Chakwal, Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of King Saud University - Science, doi:10.1016/j.jksus.2016.01.003 - get paper here
  • Barabanov, Andrei 2003. Taxonomic status of Coluber ventromaculatus bengalensis Khan et Khan, 2000 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (3):255 [2002] - get paper here
  • Baran, I. 1982. Zur Taxonomie der Schlangen in Südost- und Ost-Anatolien. Spixiana 5 (1): 51-59 - get paper here
  • Blyth, E. 1860. Report of Curator, Zoological Department. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 24: 87-115 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained near Muscat, Arabia, and presented to the British Museum by Surgeon-Major A.S.G. Jayakar. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 407-408 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
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  • Khan, M. S. & A. Q. Khan 2000. Three new subspecies of snakes of genus Coluber from Pakistan. Pakistan J. Zool., 32 (1): 49-52 - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 1986. A noteworthy collection of Amphibians and reptiles from North- Western Punjab, Pakistan. The Snake 18: 118-125
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  • Nagy, Z.T.; R. Lawson, U. Joger, M. Wink 2004. Molecular systematics of racers, whipsnakes and relatives (Reptilia: Colubridae) using mitochondrial and nuclear markers. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 42 (3): 223-233 - get paper here
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  • Rais, Muhammad; Ayesha Akram, Syeda Maria Ali, Muhammad Arslan Asadi, Misbah Jahangir, Muhammad Jawad Jilani, <br />and Maqsood Anwar 2015. Qualitative Analysis of Factors Influencing the Diversity and Spatial Distribution of Herpetofauna in Chakwal Tehsil (Chakwal District), Punjab, Pakistan. Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3) - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
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