You are here » home advanced search search results Plestiodon laticeps

Plestiodon laticeps (SCHNEIDER, 1801)

IUCN Red List - Plestiodon laticeps - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Plestiodon laticeps?

Add your own observation of
Plestiodon laticeps »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesBroadhead Skink 
SynonymScincus laticeps SCHNEIDER 1801: 189
Sclncus erythrocephalus GILLIAMS 1818: 461 (fide COOPER 1988)
Scincus bicolor HARLAN 1824
Scincus americanus HARLAN 1835: 138
Plestiodon laticeps — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 705
Eumeces laticeps — PETERS 1864: 49
Eumeces polygrammus COPE 1900: 637
Eumeces laticeps — TAYLOR 1932: 263
Eumeces laticeps — TAYLOR 1936: 212
Eumeces laticeps — KAHL et al. 1980: 175
Eumeces laticeps — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 130
Eumeces laticeps — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Eumeces laticeps — WHITING et al. 2003
Plestiodon laticeps — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Eumeces laticeps — COOPER 2005
Eumeces laticeps — JENSEN et al. 2008: 315
Plestiodon laticeps — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009 
DistributionUSA (E Texas,E Oklahoma, S/C Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, S Illinois, S Indiana, Kansas, S Ohio, Kentucky, Virginia, Maryland, West Virginia, Delaware, New Jersey, Tennessee, North Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, N Florida)

Type locality: unknown, restricted to Charleston, South Carolina by Schmidt (1953).  
TypesLectotype: ZFMK
Type: unlocated (fide TAYLOR 1936: 28); lost fide Cooper 1988 (formerly in the Museum of Göttingen, Germany)
Holotype: USNM 4156 [polygrammus]
Holotype: lost, fide Cooper 1988 [americanus]
Holotype: lost, fide Cooper 1988 [erythrocephalus] 
CommentSynonymy: mostly after Cooper 1988.

P. laticeps is sexually dimorphic and the color and pattern change from neonates to adults so that many names have been applied to this species.

Similar species: P. laticeps was long confused with P. fasciatus and P. inexpectatus. Distinguishing the three sibling species requires careful examination and comparison of specimens. The three species were frequently lumped in the literature before Taylor's (1932) re-establishmentof E. laticeps as a distinct species. Subsequent investigations have confirmed Taylor's separation of the forms (Davis, 1969; Murphy et al., 1983); the nomenclature has been stable for over half a century and is not now controversial. Taylor (1935) provides a detailed history of the many nomenclatural shifts within the taxon (Cooper 1988). 
EtymologyThe name laticeps, meaning "wide-headed" is compounded from the Greek kephale (= head), and the Latin latus (= wide). 
  • Akeret, B. 2009. Unter und über Wasser durch die Karstgewässer Floridas. Draco 10 (37): 24-29 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Paul 1950. The greater five-lined skink, Eumeces laticeps (Schneider), in Kansas. Herpetologica 6: 53 - get paper here
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • BRANDLEY, MATTHEW C.; OTA, HIDETOSHI; HIKIDA, TSUTOMU; NIETO MONTES DE OCA, ADRIAN; FERIA-ORTIZ, MANUEL; GUO, XIANGUANG; WANG, YUEZHAO 2012. The phylogenetic systematics of blue-tailed skinks (Plestiodon) and the family Scincidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 165 (1): 163-189 - get paper here
  • Bufalino, Angelo 1996. Geographic Distribution. Eumeces laticeps. Herpetological Review 27 (2): 87 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Conant, Roger 1938. The Reptiles of Ohio. American Midland Naturalist 20 (1): 1-200 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Connior, Matthew B., Kory Roberts and Idun Guenther. 2010. Geographic distribution: Plestiodon laticeps. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 378 - get paper here
  • Connior, Matthew B., Kory Roberts and Idun Guenther. 2010. Geographic distribution: Plestiodon laticeps. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 378 - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr, W E 1988. Eumeces laticeps (Schneider). Broad-headed skink. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 445: 1-3 - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Cooper, W. E., Jr. 1981. Two abnormal striping patterns in Eumeces laticeps. Herpetological Review 12 (4): 103 - get paper here
  • Cooper, W.E. Jr. & Anderson, R.A. 2006. Adjusting prey handling times and methods affects profitability in the broad-headed skink (Eumeces laticeps). Herpetologica 62 (4): 356-364 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Felix, Zach I. 2013. Geographic Distribution: Plestiodon laticeps (broad-headed skink). Herpetological Review 44 (4): 626
  • Fowler, J. A. 1946. A new locality record for Eumeces laticeps (Schneider) in Maryland. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 59: 165-166 - get paper here
  • Fulbright, Michael C., James P. Flaherty and C. M. Gienger. 2014. Geograpihic Distribution: Plestiodon laticeps (broad-headed skink). Herpetological Review 45 (1): 92-93
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Goin, Olive B.; Goin, Coleman J. 1951. Notes on the natural history of the lizard Eumeces laticeps, in northern Florida. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences 14 (1): 29-33 - get paper here
  • Green, N.B., & Pauley, T.K. 1987. Amphibians and reptiles in West Virginia. Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 241 pp.
  • Griffith, H., A. Ngo & R. W. Murphy 2000. A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Griffith,H. 1991. Heterochrony and evolution of sexual dimorphism in the fasciatus group of the scincid genus Eumeces. Journal of Herpetology 25 (1): 24-30 - get paper here
  • Harlan, R. 1824. Description of a new species of Scincus. J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 4: 286-288 - get paper here
  • Hibbitts,T.J. et al. 2000. A new coloration of the broadhead skink, Eumeces laticeps (Reptilia: Scincidae). Texas Journal of Science 52 (3): 259-261 - get paper here
  • Hudson, Bryan D., Zach I. Felix, Justin Oguni, Brad Wilson, Kira McEntire, Theresa Stratmann, Daniel D. Duff and Zack Seymour. 2015. New geographic distributional records of amphbians and reptiles in Georgia, USA. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 595-596
  • Hullinger, A; Cordes, Z; Riedle, D & Stark, W 2018. Plestiodon laticeps (Broad-headed Skink) Reproduction Herpetological Review 49 (3): 538-539 - get paper here
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Kahl B, Gaupp P & Schmidt G 1980. Das Terrarium. Falken Verlag, Niederhausen (Germany), 336 pp.
  • Kessler, Ethan J., Andrew R. Kuhns, Cody M. Rhoden, Chris A. Phillips, Cassandra E. Cook, Amy K. Keigher and John A. Crawford. 2015. New county records of reptiles and amphibians from state-managed properties in Illinois. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 603-604
  • Liner, Ernest A. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Eumeces laticeps. Herpetological Review 27 (3): 152 - get paper here
  • Luef, H. 2008. North Carolinas südliche Küstenebene - Ein Paradies für Reptilienfreunde. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (70): 38-49 - get paper here
  • Martof, B. 1956. A contribution to the biology of the skink, Eumeces laticeps. Herpetologica 12: 111-114 - get paper here
  • McCauley, R. H., Jr. 1939. Differences in the young of Eumeces fasciatus and Eumeces laticeps. Copeia 1939 (2): 93-95 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Noble, G. K.;Mason, E. R. 1933. Experiments on the brooding habits of the lizards Eumeces and Ophisaurus. American Museum Novitates (619): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Richmond, J.Q. 2006. Evolutionary basis of parallelism in North American scincid lizards. EVOLUTI ON & DEVELOPMENT 8 (6): 477–490
  • Schmitz, Andreas; Patrick Mausfeld and Dirk Embert 2004. Molecular studies on the genus Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834: phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic implications. Hamadryad 28 (1-2): 73 – 89 - get paper here
  • Schneider, JOHANN GOTTLOB 1801. Historiae Amphibiorum naturalis et literariae. Fasciculus secundus continens Crocodilos, Scincos, Chamaesauras, Boas. Pseudoboas, Elapes, Angues. Amphisbaenas et Caecilias. Frommanni, Jena. 374 pp. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1936. A taxonomic study of the cosmopolitan lizards of the genus Eumeces with an account of the distribution and relationship of its species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 23 (14): 1-643 [1935] - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward Harrison 1932. Eumeces laticeps: a neglected species of skink. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 20 (14): 263-271 - get paper here
  • Thawley, Christopher J. and Fern Graves. 2014. Geographical Distribution: Plestiodon laticeps (broad-headed skink). Herpetological Review 45 (4): 661
  • Thawley, Christopher J. and Mark W. Herr. 2014. Geographical Distribution: Plestiodon laticeps (broad-headed skink). Herpetological Review 45 (4): 661
  • Vitt L J & Cooper, W.E. 1985. The evolution of sexual dimorphism in the skink Eumeces laticeps: an example of sexual selection. Can. J. Zool. 63: 995-1002
  • Whiting, A.S.; Aaron M. Bauer and Jack W. Sites, Jr. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and limb loss in sub-Saharan African scincine lizards (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29 (3): 582-598 - get paper here
  • Wood, Kristin N. 1998. Geographic distribution. Eumeces laticeps. Herpetological Review 29 (4): 248 - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator