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Pliocercus euryzonus COPE, 1862

IUCN Red List - Pliocercus euryzonus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesPliocercus euryzonus euryzonus COPE 1862
Pliocercus euryzonus burghardti SMITH & CHISZAR 1996 
Common NamesCope's False Coral Snake 
SynonymPliocercus euryzonus COPE 1862: 72
Pliocercus dimidiatus COPE 1865
Pliocercus dimidiatus — COPE 1885: 183
Pliocercus arubricus TAYLOR 1954 (fide SAVAGE & CROTHER 1989)
Pliocercus annellatus TAYLOR 1951 (fide SAVAGE & CROTHER 1989)
Pliocercus aerubricus - PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970 (fide VILLA et al.)
Pliocercus annellatus - PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970
Pliocercus dimidiatus - VILLA 1983
Pliocercus dimidiatus — SMITH & CHISZAR 2001
Pliocercus euryzona — RAY & KNIGHT 2013

Urotheca euryzona - SAVAGE & CROTHER 1989
Pliocercus euryzonus — MYERS & CADLE 1994
Pliocercus eurizonus — LEHR 2002: 205
Urotheca euryzona — SAVAGE 2002: 642
Urotheca euryzona — CASTRO-HERRERA & VARGAS-SALINAS 2008
Pliocercus euryzonus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 571

Pliocercus euryzona euryzona COPE 1862
Pliocercus euryzonus COPE 1862: 72
Liophis splendens JAN 1863: 302
Liophis splendens — BOULENGER 1882: 461
Pliocercus euryzonus euryzonus — STUART 1948: 72
Pliocercus euryzona euryzona — PETERS 1960: 535
Pliocercus euryzonus euryzonus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 251 
DistributionGuatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama,
Colombia (western and central coordilleras of the Colombian Andes), Ecuador, Brazil, Peru

Type locality: region of the Truando, New Grenada (now Colombia) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 4303 (formerly SIM 4303)
Holotype: KU 25370 (Morehouse Finca, Cartago, Costa Rica) [annellatus]
Holotype: KU 31943, Isla Bonita, Heredia, Costa Rica) [arubricus]
Holotype: USNM 6363 (Arriba, Costa Rica) [Pliocercus dimidiatus] 
CommentThe usually bicolour (red and yellow OR white and black) pattern mimics similar colour variation in the sympatric venomous coral snake Micrurus mipartitus. Two subspecies according to PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

Distribution: Not listed for Honduras by WILSON & MCCRANIE (2002). This species has been reported from Peru, but without specific locality (T. Doan, pers. comm. 30 Apr 2012).

Synonymy: Pliocercus sargii FIRSCHER 1881 has been considered as a synonym of P. elapoides by some authors. VILLA et al. 1988 mentioned Pliocercus aequalis as a synonym of Pliocercus euryzonus. 
References
  • Arteaga AF, Bustamante-Enríquez LM and Guayasamin JM 2013. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Mindo. http://www.tropicalherping.com - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1883. Account of the reptiles and batrachians collected by Mr. Edward Whymper in Ecuador in 1879-80. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 9: 457-466 - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1866. Third contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 17 [1865]: 185-198 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • Dunn, E.R. 1944. A revision of the Colombian snakes of the genera Leimadophis, Lygophis, Liophis, Rhadinaea, and Pliocercus, with a note on Colombian Coniophanes. Caldasia 2 (10): 479-495
  • Fischer, J. G. 1881. Beschreibung neuer Reptilien. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 47 (1): 225-238 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, S.R. & Bursey, C.R. 2007. Coelomic helminths of five colubrid snake species (Serpentes, Colubridae) from Costa Rica. Phyllomedusa 6 (1): 69-72 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1863. Enumerazione sistematica degli ofidi appartenenti al gruppo Coronellidae. Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol. 2 (2): 213-330 [1862] - get paper here
  • Jansen, M. & G. Koehler 2002. Biogeographische Analyse der Herpetofauna von ausgewählten Hochlandgebieten Nicaraguas Salamandra 38 (4): 269-286 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Labanowski, Robbie 2011. Nicaragua – Herping off the map. HerpNation 2.4 (7): 32-39 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Myers, C W. Cadle J E. 1994. A new genus for South American snakes related to Rhadinaea obtusa Cope (Colubridae) and resurrection of Taeniophallus Cope for the "Rhadinaea" brevirostris group. American Museum Novitates (3102): 1-33 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Higareda, G, & SMITH, H. M. 1986. The status of Los Tuxtías (Mexico) false coral snakes (Pliocercus). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 22: 125-130.
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Ray, Julie M. and James K. Knight 2013. The Venomous Snakes and their Mimics of Panama and Costa Rica. CreateSpace Independent Publishing, 282 pp. [ISBN-10: 1493586017] - get paper here
  • Salvin,O. 1861. On a collection of reptiles from Guatemala. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1861: 227-229 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Savage,J.M. & Crother,B.I. 1989. The status of Pliocercus and Urotheca (Serpentes: Colubridae), with a review of included species of coral snake mimics. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 95: 335-362
  • Smith H M; Wallach V; Chiszar D 1995. Observations on the snake genus Pliocercus, 1. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 31 (4): 204-214
  • Smith, H. M., and D. Chiszar. 1996. Species-group taxa of the False Coral Snake genus Plioc~rcrrs. Ramus Publ. Co.. Pottsville. Penn- sylvania
  • Smith, Hobart M. and David Chiszar 2001. Pliocercus euryzonus Cope, Cope's False Coral Snake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (740): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. and David Chiszar 2001. Pliocercus dimidiatus Cope Central American False Coral Snake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (738): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1948. The amphibians and reptiles of Alta Verapaz Guatamala. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 69: 1-109 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1951. A brief review ot the snakes of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 34 (1): 3-188 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1954. Further studies on the serpents of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 36: 673-800. - get paper here
  • Valencia-Zuleta A, Jaramillo-Martínez AF, Echeverry-Bocanegra A, Viáfara-Vega R, Hernández-Córdoba O, Cardona-Botero VE, Gutiérrez-Zúñiga J, Castro-Herrera F. 2014. Conservation status of the herpetofauna, protected areas, and current problems in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2): 1–18 (e87) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Yánez-Muñoz, M. H.; J. C. Sánchez L., K. López, E. Rea S., P. A. Meza-Ramos, L. A. Oyagata C., P. Guerrero 2014. Ampliaciones del rango de distribución de algunas especies de anfibios y reptiles en el suroccidente de Ecuador. Avances en Ciencias e Ingenierías 6 (1): B2-B5 - get paper here
 
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