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Podarcis carbonelli PEREZ MELLADO, 1981

IUCN Red List - Podarcis carbonelli - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesPodarcis carbonelli berlengensis VICENTE 1985
Podarcis carbonelli carbonelli PEREZ MELLADO 1981 
Common NamesCarbonell’s Wall Lizard 
SynonymPodarcis bocagei carbonelli PEREZ MELLADO 1981
Podarcis bocagei carbonelli — SÁ-SOUSA 1999
Podarcis carbonelli — SÁ-SOUSA & HARRIS 2002
Podarcis carbonelli — HARRIS et al. 2002
Podarcis carbonelli — KALIONTZOPOULOU et al. 2007
Podarcis carbonelli — LIVIGNI 2013: 290

Podarcis bocagei berlengensis VICENTE, 1985
Podarcis bocagei berlengensis — MALKMUS 1995
Podarcis carbonelli berlengensis — HARRIS & SÁ-SOUSA 2001
Podarcis carbonelli berlengensis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionSpain (dunes of Coto Doñana, south of Andalusia,
more than 400 km south of the Sistema Central range (Magraner, 1986); this was often refuted (Peréz-Mellado, 1997, 1998; Barbadillo et al., 1999); mountains to the
Sistema Central and along the Atlantic lowlands (Sá-Sousa 1999, 2000).

berlengensis: Berlengas islands off the western coast of Portugal (Vicente, 1985); Type locality: Berlenga Island, Portugal.

Type locality: Laguna de San Marcos, La Alberca, Prov. Salamanca, Spain. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: VPM 07010680, adult male
Holotype: MNHN [berlengensis] 
CommentPodarcis hispanica is a genetically (Kaliontzopoulou et al. 2011) and morphologically (Carretero 2008; Kaliontzopoulou et al. 2012) very diverse species. In fact, P. bocagei and P. (bocagei) carbonelli are nested within the P. hispanica clade based on DNA sequence data (PINHO et al. 2005; Kaliontzopoulou et al. 2011).

Diagnosis. According to Pérez-Mellado (1981) P. carbonelli is a small lizard with SVL <63.5 mm, less robust than P. bocagei. Head (pileous) is relatively short. The mid-back coloration is often uniform brown, sometimes with a series of small black points in the vertebral zone. The light dorsal stripes are bright green with irregular edges in case of the males while having regular ones in the females. The mid-back coloration during the mating season shows shifts in relative frequencies from the western part towards the eastern part of the distribution range of P. carbonelli: the bright green or brown-grenish tones in the mid-back of males are more frequent in Portugal, whereas the the brown tones with green dorsal stripes predominate in the Spanish western ‘Sistema Central’. However, the concolor pattern (= single uniform brown without black pigmentation) is found in low frequence in males/females from all populations studied. Extensive geographic variation exists in body size and shape and in scalation traits, southern populations being visibly differentiated (Kaliontzopoulou et al. 2010). Some degree of local introgression with P. bocagei has been documented at the northern part of the range of P. carbonelli (Pinho et al. 2009). 
References
  • Carretero MA. 2008. Assessment of the specific status of a group with complex systematics: the Iberomaghrebian lizard genus Podarcis (Squamata, Lacertidae). Integrative Zoology 4: 247-266
  • Dias, Guilherme; Carla Luis, Catarina Pinho, Antigoni Kaliontzopoulou 2016. A case of Podarcis carbonelli intake by Podarcis virescens. Herpetology Notes 9: 105-108
  • Harris, D. J. and P. Sá-Sousa 2001. Species Distinction and Relationships of the Western Iberian Podarcis Lizards (Reptilia, Lacertidae) Based on Morphology and Mitochondrial DNA Sequences. The Herpetological Journal 11 (4):129-136
  • Harris, D. James, Vasco Batista, Miguel A. Carretero, Catarina Pinho and Paulo Sá-Sousa 2002. Mitochondrial DNA sequence data confirms the presence of Podarcis carbonelli, Pérez-Mellado, 1981 in southern Spain. Herpetozoa 15 (3/4):188-190 - get paper here
  • Kaliontzopoulou A, Carretero MA, Sillero N. 2010. Geographic patterns of morphological variation in the lizard Podarcis carbonelli, a species with fragmented distribution. The Herpetological Journal 20: 41-50
  • Kaliontzopoulou, A., Carretero, M.A. & Llorente, G., 2012. Morphology of Podarcis wall lizards from the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa: patterns of variation in a putative cryptic species complex. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 164: 173-193
  • Kaliontzopoulou, A., Pinho, C., Harris, D.J. & Carretero, M.A., 2011. When cryptic diversity blurs the picture: a cautionary tail from Iberian and North African Podarcis wall lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 103: 779-800 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R. 1995. Die Amphibien und Reptilien Portugals, Madeiras und der Azoren. Die Neue Brehm-Bücherei, Bd. 621. Westarp Wissenschaften (Magdeburg)/Spektrum Akademischer Verlag (Heidelberg)
  • Malkmus, Rudolf 2010. Podarcis carbonelli PÉREZ-MELLADO, 1981 - ein weing bekannte iberische Mauereidechse. Die Eidechse 21 (1): 16-21
  • Perez-Mellado, V. 1981. Nuevos Datos sobre la Sistematica y Distribucion de Podarcis bocagei (SeoaNe, 1884) (Sauria, Lacertidae) en la Peninsula Iberica. Amphibia-Reptilia 2: 259-265 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Mellado, V. 1981. La lagartija de bocage, Podarcis bocagei (Seoane, 1884). Primeros datos sobre su distribución, colorido y ecologia. Amphibia-Reptilia 1: 253-268. - get paper here
  • Perez-Mellado, V. 1986. Los anfibios y reptiles [of the Iberian Peninsula]. Penthalon, Madrid 145 pp.
  • Pinho C, Kaliontzopoulou A, Carretero MA, Harris DJ, Ferrand N. 2009. Genetic admixture between the Iberian endemic lizards Podarcis bocagei and Podarcis carbonelli: evidence for limited natural hybridization and a bimodal hybrid zone. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 47(4): 368-377
  • Pinho, C.; Harris, D.J. & Ferrand, N. 2008. Non-equilibrium estimates of gene flow inferred from nuclear genealogies suggest that Iberian and North African wall lizards (Podarcis spp.) are an assemblage of incipient species. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2008, 8:63
  • Roca, Vicente 2015. Parasite specificity in Podarcis bocagei and P. carbonelli (Lacertidae) from NW Portugal: a host-parasite history. Basic and Applied Herpetology 29: - get paper here
  • Sá-Sousa, P. & D. J. Harris 2002. Podarcis carbonelli Perez-Mellado, 1981 is a distict species. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (4): 459-468 - get paper here
  • Sá-Sousa, Paulo 1999. New data on ths distribution of Podarcis bocagei carbonelli Pérez-Mellado, 1981 in Portugal (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae). Herpetozoa 12 (1-2): 87-90 - get paper here
  • Sillero, Neftalí; Verónica Gomes 2016. Living in clusters: the local spatial segregation of a lizard community. Basic and Applied Herpetology 30: 61-75 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Vicente, L.A. 1985. Description d’une nouvelle sous-espèce de Podarcis bocagei (Seoane, 1884) (Sauria, Lacertidae) de l’île de Berlenga: Podarcis bocagei berlengensis. Bull. Mus. natn. Hist. nat., Paris, 4e sér.<br />7 (section A): 267-274.
 
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