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Podarcis muralis (LAURENTI, 1768)

IUCN Red List - Podarcis muralis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesPodarcis muralis albanica (BOLKAY 1919)
Podarcis muralis beccarii (LANZA 1958) - status unclear
Podarcis muralis breviceps (BOULENGER 1905)
Podarcis muralis brongniardii (DAUDIN 1802)
Podarcis muralis colosii (TADDEI 1949)
Podarcis muralis maculiventris (WERNER 1891)
Podarcis muralis marcuccii (LANZA 1956) - status unclear
Podarcis muralis muralis (LAURENTI 1768)
Podarcis muralis nigriventris BONAPARTE 1838
Podarcis muralis sammichelii LANZA 1976 
Common NamesE: Common Wall Lizard
G: Mauereidechse 
SynonymSeps muralis LAURENTI 1768: 61
Lacertus terrestris GARSAULT 1764
Lacerta muralis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 228
Podarcis muralis — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 116
Podarcis muralis — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Podarcis muralis — CROTHER 2000

Podarcis muralis muralis (LAURENTI 1768)
Lacerta muralis occidentalis [KNOEPFFLER &] SOCHUREK 1956
Podarcis muralis muralis — BAUER & GÜNTHER 1995

Podarcis muralis albanica (BOLKAY 1919)
Podarcis muralis albanica [SCHMIDT & INGER 1957]
Podarcis muralis albanica — BISCHOFF & BISCHOFF 1980
Podarcis muralis albanica — STRATHEMANN 1986
Podarcis muralis albanica — SCHLÜTER 2005

Podarcis muralis breviceps (BOULENGER 1905)
Podarcis muralis breviceps — SCHULTE et al. 2011

Podarcis muralis brongniardii (DAUDIN 1802)
Podarcis muralis merremia (RISSO 1826)
Podarcis muralis merremia — BISCHOFF 2005
Podarcis muralis brogniardi — SCHULTE 2008
Podarcis muralis merremius — KANTZ 2010
Podarcis muralis brongniardii — SCHLÜTER 2010
Podarcis muralis brongniardii — SCHULTE et al. 2011

Podarcis muralis colosii (TADDEI, 1949)
Podarcis muralis colosii — SCHWARZER et al. 1982
Podarcis muralis colosii — PAWLOWSKI et al. 2004
Podarcis muralis colosii —GRANO & GRANO 2006

Podarcis muralis maculiventris (WERNER 1891)
Lacerta muralis var. fusca maculiventris WERNER 1891: 752
Podarcis muralis maculiventris — SEHNAL & SCHUSTER 1999
Podarcis muralis maculiventris — PAWLOWSKI & KRÄMER 2009
Podarcis muralis maculiventris — DIECKMANN & DIECKMANN 2010
Podarcis muralis maculiventris — SCHULTE et al. 2011

Podarcis muralis nigriventris BONAPARTE 1838
Podarcis muralis brueggemanni (fide SCHULTE et al. 2011)
Podarcis muralis nigriventris — KRONIGER & ZAWADZKI 2005
Podarcis muralis nigriventris — SCHULTE et al. 2011

Podarcis muralis sammichelii LANZA, 1976
Podarcis tiliguerta sammichelii LANZA, 1976 
DistributionAustria, Czechia, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Italy (incl. Elba), Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Croatia (Slavonia), Cres island, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Samothraki, Corfu), Turkey (NW Anatolia),
Spain, France, Belgium, SE Netherlands, W Germany, Switzerland, United Kingdom (England, introduced)

USA (introduced to Ohio [HR 8: 19, HR 19: 19], Kentucky; introduced: HR 30: 57; Gibbons et al. 2009)
Canada (introduced to British Columbia in the late 1970s).

albanica: Bulgaria, Greece (etc.); Type locality: Fieri, S-AIbanien. Syntypes: NMW 16096:1-7.

beccarii: Italy (Tuscany); Type locality: Port’Ercole Islet, Tuscany, Italy.

breviceps: Italy

brongniardii: NW Spain, Andorra, France, W Germany, Switzerland

maculiventris: S Switzerland, W Austria, N Italy, W Slovenia, NW Croatia, SE Germany (Bavaria); Type locality: Fiume; Syntype: NMW 16098 (m.)

marcuccii: Italy (Tuscany); Type locality: Argentarola Islet, Tuscany, Italy

merremia (now invalid): E Spain, S France, W Switzerland, Luxemburg, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany

nigriventris: Italy (incl. Elba and neighboring Islands), introduced to Germany and Austria Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Types 
CommentSubspecies: ENGELMANN et al 1993 also list Podarcis muralis brueggemanni (BEDRIAGA 1879) and Podarcis muralis paulinii (TADDEI 1953).

Distribution: Reports about introductions to Illinois (USA) are erroneous (Elaphe 11 [1]: 11).

Type species: Seps muralis Laurenti 1768 is the type species of the genus Podarcis WAGLER 1830.

Genomics: this is one of the species selected by the Genome 10K consortium for complete genome sequencing.

Nomenclature: BÖHME & KÖHLER (2005) “conclude that the gender of Podarcis must be masculine for the following reasons: (1) WAGLER (1830) did not determine the gender by combination with any species name nor by statement, (2) the name Podarcis is of common variable gender, (3) the Principle of First Reviser does not apply to determination of gender ot names, (4) the Code clearly states that a name of common variable gender is to be treated as masculine. 
Etymologynamed after the Greek “podarkes”, meaning fast, and Latin “muralis”, meaning to live on walls. 
References
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